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Flashcards in Lokdip 2012 Deck (185)
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1

a lateral T strap is required for the CP patient to control:
a. pes varus
b. pes valgus
c. pes equinus
d. pes calcaneus

A

2

the tonic neck reflex is abN if
a. it is variable in the same infant
b. the ipsilateral extremities extend
c. if persist for more than 6 months of age
d. the contralateral extremities flexion

C

3

the muscles that are required for ambulation using crutches are
a. shoulder depressor and biceps
b. biceps, triceps, and wrist flexions
c. shoulder depressors, triceps, wrist extensors and finger flexors
d. shoulder depressors, biceps and wrist extensors

C

4

tilting of the pelvis occurs maximally
a. at mid stance
b. at push-off
c. during swing through
d. at heel strike

C

5

these are the effects of treadmil training in parkinsons patients, except
a. it decreases risk of fall
b. it improves QoL
c. it reduces tremor
d. it improves gait impairment

C

6

the most widely accepted method of recording joint ROM is
a. 180 - 0 deg system
b. 360 - 0 deg system
c. 0 - 180 deg system
d. 0 - 360 deg system

D

7

all of the following associated conditions in the CP child should be treated by medications, except
a. seizures
b. severe scissoring
c. severe spasticity
d. hyperactivity

B

8

all of the following associated conditions in the CP child should be treated by medications, except
a. seizures
b. severe scissoring
c. severe spasticity
d. hyperactivity

C

9

how the patient w/ obstructive pulmonary disease overcome air trapping?
a. forcefully inhale for as long as possible
b. swing inhale until the lungs are fully expanded
c. forcefully exhale
d. exhale with lips pursed

D

10

for which of the following symptoms of CP will bracing be most beneficial?
a. ataxia
b. spasticity
c. athetosis
d. chorea

B

11

the characteristic spastic dyplegia of CP are as follow, except
a. sitting by 2 year was a good predictive sign of eventual ambulation
b. children who did not sit by 4 year have not achieved ambulation
c. 18 months implied poor prognosis for ambulation
d. children with diplegia have not adequate movement control of the arm and hands

D

12

Mr. Ali, a 56 year old man suffers a R hemisphere stroke with a consequence of L hemisplegic, L neglect and L homonymus hemianopsia. He had trouble w/ swallowing. He was completely dependent for grooming, eating, or dressing. however he is able to ambulate with 1 person and a quad cane. The persistent neglect and L homonymous hemianopsia make him unable to drive and there force unable to return to work.
the following are classified at as his activity limitation or disabilities, except difficulty w/
a. grooming
b. eating
c. sociality
d. dressing

C

13

to reduce tone in spastic muscle, all the following can be used, except
a. performing a sustained stretch of the spastic muscle
b. placing pressence on the tendon of a spastic muscle
c. performing a quick stretch to the spastic muscle
d. gentle massage of the spastic muscle

C

14

splinting, serial casting, seating & positioning are all therapeutic technique use to decreased tone in hypertonic muscle group. These technique are based on which of the following principles:
a. a quick stretch of spastic muscle group facilitate the golgi tendon organ which inhibit the spastic muscle.
b. placing pressure on the muscle belly or a spastic muscle group fascilitate the golgi tendon organ which inhibit the spastic muscle
c. sustained stretch of spastic muscle group facilitates the golgi tendon organs which inthibit the spastic muscle
d. one of the above

C

15

the following condition is a positive response of asymetrical tonic neck reflex:
a. when the head is turned the trunk and limb turn to the same side
b. when the head is turned the limb flex the skull side (occipital) and extend on the face side
c. flexion of the head causes flexion of forelimb and extension of hind limbs
d. when the head is turned the limbs extends on the skull side (occipital) and flexion the face side

B

16

the following tests were done as walking prognosis test, except:
a. ATNR
b. neck righting
c. parachute reflex
d. landau reflex

D

17

which the following is the most important characteristics of a lower extremitiy prosthesis:
a. good cosmetic appearance
b. ability to be used for stair climbing
c. stability and security
d. material energy consumption

C

18

a 55 y-o man has severe pain on gentle touching of the arm. 6 months ago the median n was damaged during creation of arteriovenous fistula of dialysis. Which of the following tonus best describesrs this phenomenon?
a. hyperalgesia
b. allodynia
c. hyperpathology
d. hypersensitive

B

19

the following are sign and symptoms of ligament sprain first degree, except
a. minimal, localized tenderness
b. subtle structural instability
c. no ligament instability
d. pain and swelling

B

20

in the second degree of ligament sprain, the following are not functional implication, except:
a. immobilization indicated
b. protective bracing indicated
c. significant activity limitation
d. susceptible to recurrence

C

21

what is the purpose of the terminal device on the functional upper limb prosthetic?
a. To make a better appearance cosmetically
b. To provide prehension
c. To get done and doff more easily
d. To make a comfortable used

B

22

Squatting is example of
a. Open kinetic chain exc
b. Closed kinetic chain exc
c. Mixed
d. None of the above

B

23

Gold standard for DMD is
a. To check elbow creatine kinase level
b. To perform EMG
c. To have muscle biopsy
d. MRI of leg muscle

C

24

The characteristic of F wave are as follow, except:
a. The F wave can be elicited by placing the recording electrode over the muscle of the extremities while supramax stimulating the appropriate nerve
b. Variably appears at approximately similar location as H reflex
c. The amplitude of F wave is higher than M response
d. The stimulus ascends the motor fiber antigromically and impact on the anterior horn cells to return orthodomically to cause muscle contraction

C

25

Conditioning exc program results in all of the following, except:
a. Increase in muscle strength
b. Increase in venous return
c. Decrease in metabolic activity muscle
d. Decrease in pulse rate

B

26

The FEV1 and FVC are measured using spirometry in the restrictive disease:
a. Both are reduced, often in proportion to each other
b. FEV1/FVC

A

27

The event of exc induced asthma is reduced in pool therapy
a. Bouyancy effect
b. Humidity of
c. Hydrostatic pressure
d. Viscosity of water

B

28

An opposite effect will be found in the following term between cryotherapy and thermotherapy application, except:
a. Collagen extensibility
b. Joint stiffness
c. Muscle spasm
d. Nerve conduction velocity

B

29

Massage exc as therapeutic effect thru all the following mechanics, except:
a. Mobilization of edema within soft tissue
b. Improve soft tissue blood flow
c. Stimulation of loccal opioid receptor
d. Cutaneous stimulation of autonomic nerve system

C

30

For pain to be considered chronic, it must have been present for at least:
a. 1-2 mo
b. 3-6 mo
c. 7-12 mo
d. 12-18 mo

A