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Flashcards in Low Back Pain Deck (16)
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1

Back pain lasting up to 6 weeks

acute back pain

2

back pain lasting 7-12 weeks

sub-acute

3

back pain lasting >12 weeks

chronic

4

somatic dysfunction, spinal arthritis, degenerative disk disease, facet arthritis, fracture, spondylolysis, spondylolisthesis, scoliosis can all cause

mechanical low back pain without radiation below the knee

5

fracture of the pars interarticularis

spondylolysis

6

vertebral step off

spondylolisthesis

7

radiculopathy, spinal stenosis, cauda equina syndrome all cause

mechanical lower back pain that radiates below the knee

8

pain with dermatomal distribution, lower extremity weakness, diminished reflexes are caused by

radiculopathy (herniated lumbar nucleus pulposa)

9

bilateral lower limb pain, neurogenic claudication, lower extremity weakness, diminished reflexes may be caused by

spinal stenosis
mechanical lower back pain with radiation below the knee

10

saddle anesthesia, lower extremity weakness, diminished reflexes, urinary retention are characteristic of

cauda equina syndrome
emergent

11

vasculogenic causes of lower back pain

aortic aneurysm
ischemic spinal claudication

12

ripping, tearing abdominal pain, pulsatile abdominal mass

aortic aneurysm

13

seronegative spondyloarthropathy causes of lower back pain

psoriatic arthritis
ankylosing spondylitis
IBD
Reiter syndrome

14

group of psychological disorders in which a patient experiences physical symptoms that are inconsistent with or cannot be fully explained by any underlying general medical or neurologic condition

somatoform disorder

15

exagerate or feign illness in order to escape work or duty

malingering

16

condition of the nervous system that is associated with the development and maintenance of chronic pain

central sensitization