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Hugh's MD2 Intersession 1 > Lower Abdominal Pain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Lower Abdominal Pain Deck (5)
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1

What is the difference between an indirect and direct inguinal hernia?

Indirect passes through the deep inguinal ring

 

Direct protrude through the abdominal wall directly - At Hesselbach's triangle

2

What is the difference between incarcerated and strangulated?

Incarcerated - Non reducible

Strangulated - Incarcerated + Ischaemic

3

What should always be considered in a female?

Ectopic pregnancy

4

How does the presence or absence of anorexia guide your diagnosis?

Generally, pathologies involving the peritoneum cause anorexia

5

Why might you get a metabolic acidosis in a ruptured AAA?

Reduced perfusion causes ischaemia > lactic acidosis