Filipino Aspiration for independence was awakened by
martyrdom of Gomburza
Progression of aspiration for independence of Philippines
Gomburza-- Propaganda-- Bonifacio and Katipunan-- Aguinaldo and Malolos Congress
Prohibits the advocating of independence of the philippiens
American period in the philippines was also called
Age of Repressed Filipino Nationalism
only political party permitted
3 members of the Fedral party were assigned to
Who were the 3 members of the Fedral party were assigned to the Philippine commision
TH pardo de tavera
Federal party changed its name to
Partido National Progresista
Partido National Progresista did not favor independence.
True or false
it favored independence
Who lifted the ban on political parties? This formed political parties.
What political party was advocating independence and led by osmena and quezon?
Who led the Partido Nationalista?
Quezon and Osmena
What were the 2 minority parties that formed Partido Democratia?
Partido Nationalista Progresista
Partido Democratia National
Did Partido Democratia advocate indepenence? yes or no
no! Partido Nationalista advocated independence
Who were part of the Nationalista PArty? (7)
Who were part of Democracia Party? (5)
Claro M. Recto
E. Tria Torina
Independence Campaigns were held by
Independence Campaigns were continued by
Philippine Assemby --> Philippine Legislature
sent independce missions to US
Whose speech reiterated aspirations for Philippine Independence?
Osmena's speech was ratified by _____ and noted by ______.
a. Philippine Assembly
b. Governor Forbes
According to Gov Forbes, Osmena's speech was...
"the first legal notice taken of independence"
Quezon was assigned to be what in the US?
Resident Commissioner to Washington.
he had to learn english
Who were pro Phil Independence?
democrats or republicans
Who introduced a bill that would grant full independence to Phil by 1921?
Cong. William Jones
Quezon lobbied after several revisions by US legislatures, and eventually Jones bill was signed on AUGUST 26, 1916
Who was very sympathetic to the Filipino national aspirations?
How did FB Harrison prepare Phil for independence? (2)
a. Filipinization of Govt Services
b. Filipinization of Education
The Philippines continued with their independence campaign even during War years.
Which party's plan for independence was approved by the Philippine Legislature?
Creation of COMMISSION OF INDEPENDENCE
The first independence mission to the US was led by
and 40 members
no definitive action done
US President during Harrison's time who certified that the Philippines was ready for independence.
Who replaced President Wilson?
President Warren Harding
Which president appointed a special mission to study state and conditions of the Philippines?
REPUBLICAN Warren Harding
Appointed by Harding for special mission in the Phil. Former Gov Gen of Sulu
Appointed by Harding for special mission in the Phil. Former Gov Gen of Philippines.
How long did leonard wood and cameron forbes stay in the Philippines?
What did the report of Wood Forbes Mission say??
lack of educated public opinion in the philippines
small percentage of christian filipinos desired immediate independence
What are the final assessments of Wood Forbes Mission?
Filipino people are not yet prepared for independence despite stable govt
Not prepared in terms of its MILITARY and ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
The second independence mission came after what event?
Results of Wood Forbes mission
second independence mission was led by
osmena and quezon
Which US president supported Wood when the Filipinos protested against him?
President Calvin Coolidge
Who introduced the questionable Fairfield bill?
Cong LW Fairfield
Which bill provided constitution convention (ConCon) to frame the constitution for "commonwealth of the Philippines"?
What are the characteristics of the Fairfield bil? (7)
republican form of government
same tarriff as jones
filipinos will swear allegiance to US
equal rights for both US and Filipinos
engligh in Filipno schools
US armed forces for the commonwealth
independence after 30 years of commonwealth
Who rejected the fairfield bill?
Who sent Col. Carmi Thompson to manila to investigate phil economic and politivcal conditions?
US Pres Coolidge
What were the recommendations for the Thompson Mission? (2)
a. Liberation of Philippine Land laws to develop rubber industry
b. Postponement of granting independence to Philippines because it will affect American trade interests
Which bill wished to separate mindanao and sulu from the Philippines?
What event caused america to favor granting phil independence?
Who was the first presider of First Independence Congress?
2nd: Rafael Palma
Which mission stayed the longest in america?
OS Rox Mission
-succeeded in securing passage of independence bill HHCB
-vetoed by HERBERT HOOVER but repassed by congress
Terms of Hare Hawes Cutting Law (6)
free trade 10 years (expt coco oil, sugar, cordage)
Tax export after 10 years; then increase 5% annually
Framing and adopt phil constitution
Hold plebiscite on independence question
quota of 100 filipino immigrants to america
allow america to retain military and naval bases
Who rejected the Hare Hawes cutting Bill?
- imbalance of Phil am trade
- strict quotas on immigration clause
- indefinite power of US high commisioner
- retention of US miliatry bases
In the Tydings McDuffie Law, there is a ___ year transition period under commonwealth.
it was apporved and passed by roosevelt
When is the proclamation of phililppine independence?
July 4, 1946