Flashcards in Lymphatic System Deck (40):
What are the functions of the lymphatics system?
Maintains fluid balance
Production of lymphocytes
Production of antibodies
Fat absorption from the intestinal tract
Pathway for malignancy
What are the structures in the lymphatic system?
Lymph fluid- Lymphocytes
Peyer patches (small intestine)
Where does the right upper body drain?
What drains the majority of body's lymph?
thoracic duct via left subclavian
What is lymph movement dependent on?
Where are superficial nodes?
Where are deep nodes?
muscle fascia or within body cavity
Originate in bone marrow
Originate in bone marrow and mature in thymus
Where is thymus located?
superior mediastinum, no function in adults life
What are tonsils composed into?
follicles and crypts, lymphoid tissues
What are pharyngeal tonsils?
What are clusters of lymphoid cells in SI?
What do you inspect for lymph nodes?
Visible lymph nodes
What do you use to palpate lymph nodes?
2nd, 3rd, 4th finger pads
What do you note on PE?
How do you differientiate a cyst ?
What divides A and P triangles of neck?
anterior border of SCM
What do you have pt do when examining tissue?
bend toward the side being examined - ease taut tissue
What is the head lymph PE?
Occipital Nodes base of skull
Postauricular nodes over mastoid process
Preauricular nodes in front of ears
Parotid and retropharyngeal nodes angle of mandible
Submandibular nodes mandible between angle and tip
Submental nodes behind mandible tip
What is the neck lymph PE?
Superficial cervical nodes at SCM
Posterior cervical nodes along anterior border trapezius
Cervical nodes deep to SCM
Supraclavicular nodes- angle formed by clavicle and SCM
What are the supraclavicular nodes called?
How do you examine axillary lymph nodes?
Pt sitting or laying
Support forearm with your contralateral arm
Examining hand-palm flat in axilla
How do you examine epitrochlear lymph nodes?
Hold pt’s wrist and relax elbow
Palpate groove in circular motion between triceps and biceps
What disease do you see epitrochlear lymph nodes?
How do you palpate inguinal lymph nodes?
Pt supine with knees slightly flexed
Superior superficial inguinal nodes closer to inguinal canals
Inferior superficial inguinal nodes deeper in the groin
Where does testes lymph drain?
Where do penile and scrotal ssurfaces drain?
Where do female internal genitals and pelvic drain?
What does lower vagina and vulva drain?
fixed hard and painless
enlarged and tender
slow enlarge over wks
rapid enlarge w/o signs of infection
What is the onset of lymphedema?
An immune complex disease, Symptoms appear 7 to 10 days following use of a provoking substance, uticaria, lymphadenopathy, joint pain, fever
Occurs most frequently in adolescents and young adults — all races, Males are twice as likely as females to acquire, painless enlarged cervical , matted or rubbery
What are risk factors for HIV?
Heterosexual contact with homosexual or bisexual men
Multiple and indiscriminate sexual contacts
IV drug use
Blood transfusion with infected blood or blood concentrates
Diagnosis of, or been treated for, hepatitis, TB, or an STI such as syphilis
Sexual activity with IV drug users