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Flashcards in Macromolecules Deck (23)
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1

What are the four types of macromolecules?

Carbohydrates
Lipids
Protein
Nucleic acid

2

Part of chemistry that studies compounds that contain carbon

Organic chemisty

3

Organic chemistry is the part of chemistry that studies compounds that contain what?

Carbon

4

6 elements in all living things

CHOPKNS (Carbon, Hydrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, potassium, nitrogen, sulfur)

5

Monomers

Building blocks

6

Monomers (building blocks) of carbohydrates

Monosaccharides

7

Monosaccharides

Simple sugars which can join together to form disaccharides and polysaccharides

8

"Sacchar" means

Sugar

9

Examples of carbohydrates

Glucose, sucrose, glycogen, starch, cellulose

10

Food sources of carbohydrates

Rice, bread, potatoes, pasta, candy

11

Function of carbohydrates

Main & quick source of energy, cellulose forms cell walls of plants provides structural support for them

12

Monomers (building blocks) of lipids

3 fatty acids and a glycerol

13

Examples of lipids

Fats, oils, phospholipids, steroids, cholesterol & waxes

14

Food sources of lipids

Butter, margarine, vegetable oil, shortening, meat fat

15

Function of lipids

Used by cells for long-term energy storage, insulation, protective coatings & cell membrane structure

16

Hydrophobic

Does not dissolve in water which is polar

17

monomers (building blocks) of proteins

Amino acids linked together by peptide binds

18

Examples of proteins

Enzymes, insulin, hemoglobin, collagen, keratin

19

Food sources of proteins

Meat, vegetables such as legumes (beans, peas, peanuts, soybeans)

20

Function if proteins

Help fight disease, build (tissue?) (muscle) control rate of reactions, help transport molecules in & out the cell, provide structure for skin, hair & nails

21

Monomers (building blocks) of nucleic acids

Nucleotides

22

Examples of nucleic acids

DNA & RNA

23

Function if nucleic acids

Store & transmit info in the cell (heredity)