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Flashcards in Madeira Deck (17):
1

Where is Madeira located

off the coast of Africa

2

Madeira grapes

Sercial
Verdelho
Boal (Bual)
Malmsey

3

Estufagem process

wines heated slowly to 120F
no more than 3 months
rest for 3 more months at normal temp
wine cooked and oxidized
sugars caramelized
bulk production

4

Canteiro process

wines aged in warm humid lodges or attics for at least 2 years
slower more gentler heating process
more subtle, complex wines
highest quality production

5

Madeiras produced by Serial and Verdelho

'Dry' madeira style, often served chilled as an aperitif
fortification occurs after fermentation

6

Maderias produced by Boal/Bual and malmsey

medium sweet and sweet madeira served typically with dessert or a cheese course
richest style
fermentation stopped by addition of spirit (Benefico)

7

Labelling rules madeira

for varietal labelling must contain 85%

8

Seleccionado aging requirement

min 3 years

9

Reserve aging requirement

min 5 years

10

Special reserve aging requirement

min 10 years

11

extra reserve aging requirement

min 15 Years

12

Rainwater madeira

lighter style
tinta negra (mole) principal variety

13

Colheita Madeiras

Vintage dated
minimum 5 years in wood

14

Solera Madeiras

19th century style
now banned by EU
still available on island

15

Frasqueira Madeira

Vintage dated
single variety
aged for a minimum of 20 years in wood before release
date of bottling mandatory

16

Madeira producers

Justino
henriques-henriques
barbeito
madeira wine company
D'oliveira

17

Produced by Madeira wine company

Cossart Gordon
Leacock
Blandy's