Port Flashcards Preview

Portugal > Port > Flashcards

Flashcards in Port Deck (31):
1

Pombal Stones

Historically delineating Port Regions boundaries
Feitoria
Rama

2

Feitoria

best vineyards marked for export

3

Rama

lower quality vineyards
domestic consumption

4

Port red grape varieties

Touriga National
Touriga Francesa
Tinta Cao
Tinta Roriz (Tempranillo)
Tinto Barroca
Bastardo

5

Port White grape varieties

Arinto
Codega
Malvasia Fino
Rabigato
Viosinho

6

How many varieties authorized in Port

Over 100

7

where are vineyards planted for port grapes

steep slopes on terraces

8

what type of soil for port grapes

Schist

9

Schist soil

metamorphic rock
layers that allow the vine root tendrils to penetrate and grow
apertures in crystalline composition to collect bits of water

10

where are the warehouses of the port lodges located

Vila Nova de Gaia
until 1988 all port had to be matured here

11

Pipe

a port cask holding 550 litres

12

alcohol level of finished port wine

19-22%

13

what is timing of fortification based on

sweetness level of fermenting must

14

what is the name of the vessel used for treading port

lagar

15

Autovinification

Electronic pumpover

16

Styles of Ruby Ports

Ruby Port
Ruby Reserve Port
Late-Bottled Vintage Port
Single Quinta Port
Vintage Port

17

Tawny Ports

Tawny Port
Reserve Tawny
Tawny with indication of age
colheita tawny

18

Difference between ruby and tawny ports

ruby has bottle aging
tawny cask aged, oxidative, filtered before bottling

19

Ruby Port

blended for consistency from multiple vintages and vineyard sources
aged in bulk for 2-3 years and bottled young

20

Late bottled vintage port

aged 4-6 years
vintage and bottling years must be declared on the label
filtered vs. unfiltered wine
some are age worthy

21

Vintage Port

less than 3% of all ports
produced from top vineyards (quintas)
aged 18-30 months in cask
vintages must be declared by shippers and approved by th IVDP

22

Single quinta Port

vintage port from a single vineyard
once only produced in non-declared vintage
must state vintage on the label
age worthy

23

Tawny Port

inexpensive blends of white and red wine

24

Reserve tawny

minimum seven years cask aging
must be blended from several vintages

25

Tawny with Indication of Age

true tawnies matured entirely in cask
produced from top wines/vineyard sites
minimum seven years in cask
age declarations: 10,20,30,40 years

26

Colheita tawny

Tawny port with a minimum of seven years cask aging from a single vintage

27

Top Port Producers

Taylor-Fladgate
Fonseca
Graham
Dow
Ferreira
Niepoort
Quinta do Noval
Warre

28

Good vintages 70's

70, 75, 77

29

Good Vintages 80's

80, 85, 87

30

Good Vintages 90's

91, 92, 97

31

Good Vintages '00's

00, 07, 09, 11