Flashcards in Magnetism Deck (13)

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1

## What is paramagnetism?

### This is a complex with unpaired electrons

2

## What is diamagnetism?

### This is a complex where all the electrons are paired

3

## What is the effective magnetic moment?

### This is the measured value of the magnetic moment?

4

## How do paramagnetic compounds act in a magnetic field?

###
The unpaired electrons align with Bo as they attracted to it

The magnitude of attraction depends on the number of unpaired electrons

5

## How can you calculate the magnetic moment?

###
MM= {n(n+2)}

n is the number of unpaired electrons

Units of Bohn magneton

6

## What is Lenz's law?

### The induction of the magnetic moment is in the opposite direction to the magnetic field

7

## How can you practically determine the magnetic moment of a paramagnetic complex?

###
In the presence of a magnetic field, paramagnetic substance increase in weight (Gouy balance)

From the increase in weight you can determine the magnetic moment and the number of unpaired electrons

8

## What happens to a diamagnetic complex in a magnetic field?

### It still disturbs the field

9

## How can you determine whether a compound is high spin or low spin?

###
1) work out the theoretic magnetic moment using the formula of both the high spin and low spin possibilities

2) compare this to the experimental magnetic moment

3) determine high or low spin by which calculated value is closer to the experimental

10

## What is ferromagnetism?

###
This increases the degree of magnetism and works short range and cooperatively

Spins spontaneously align in the same direction

11

## What is the temperature dependence of spin alignment ?

###
Above the critical temperature, the thermal energy is high enough to prevent alignment

Below critical temperature spins align

12

## What are the applications ?

###
Metals- magnetic

Oxides

Recording media

Ferrofluids

13