Making Material Selections - Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Making Material Selections - Chapter 1 Deck (52)
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What role does the ADA play in interior design?

You must incorporate ADA Accessibility Guidelines in your designs for public spaces.

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ANSI

American National Standards Institute

2

ASHRAE

American Society of Heating, Refrigerating & Air Conditioning Engineers

3

ASTM

American Society for Testing & Materials

4

NKBA

National Kitchen & Bath Association

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What's the difference between codes as opposed to guidelines?

Buildings must comply with local building codes but guidelines may be voluntary.

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ICC

International Code Counsil

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Give an example of lightly regulated areas

Private spaces like a residential home vs. apartment.

For able-bodied adults familiar with the premises

No exceptional hazards.

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Give an example of heavily regulated areas

Public shared places both public and privately owned.
(school/restaurants)

Spaces that serve to vulnerable populations (children/sick people)

Hazardous materials and processes are contained

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Guidelines that pertain to materials :

- Fire Resistance
- Slip Resistance
-Ability to be cleaned or sanitized

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Guidelines that pertain to Items :

- Ease of Use
(particularly panic situations)
- Visibility
- Air Quality

11

Fire safety codes stipulate resistance to flames based on flame ratings that vary from A-C.

In what order does it go most to least stringent?

A, B & C

12

UL

Underwritten Laboratory

(Third party testers for materials to see if they meet code)

13

What is one of the biggest concerns for designers specifying surfacing?

Flammability

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Flammability Testing :

Describe how the Methenamine Pill works.

A pill is placed on the material and then ignited. Seven of eight samples must resist burning out from the center. Measured from the center to the edge of the burn, the flame must be extinguished in less than eight inches.

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IBC

International Building Code

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Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED)

Developed by the United States Green Building Counsil (USGBC), it's a system for evaluating the effectiveness of building designs in achieving sustainability.
The system is separate from building codes and its optional.
The LEED system awards points for meeting criteria in which you can receive silver, gold, or platinum certification depending on how many sustainable characteristics are incorporated into the design.

17

How does 'passive solar ' work?

Passive solar design refers to the use of the sun's energy for the heating and cooling of living spaces. In this approach, the building itself or some element of it takes advantage of natural energy characteristics in materials and air created by exposure to the sun.

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Renewable

More of the material can be produced. Plant or animal based so can grow more. Recycled content that will continue to become available.

Ex. Lumber, jute, leather

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Sustainable

The time and resources needed to produce the material.

Ex. Managed forestry.

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Recyclable

The material can be put to some other use at the end of its current use.

Ex. Used concrete can be broken and become aggregate in new concrete work.

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Recycled

Material that would have gone to a landfill is used as an ingredient in new products.

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Down-cycling

Used products are turned into items of less value than the original item.

Ex. Old carpet turned into car bumpers for parking lots

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Up-cycling

Used products are turned into items of greater value than the original item.

Ex. Recycled newspapers are turned into solid surfacing for countertops.

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Cradle-to-cradle

Old products turned into new versions of themselves

Ex. Carpet fiber reclaimed and turned into new carpet fiber.

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Postconsumer

The item has been used and was destined for landfill when it was diverted from the waste stream into a new purpose.

Ex. Aluminum cans recycled into aluminum for storm doors

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Preconsumer

Scraps from production are cycled back into the material stream at a fabricators place of manufacture

Ex. Glass trimmings from production are melted into new batches of glass.

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Durable

Physical fitness of the material for its intended location as well as the longevity of its design.

Ex. Stone mosaics in the Pantheon

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Adaptability

Can be reused in its current form in a new location

Ex. Carpet tiles moved to a new facility

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Low-embodied energy

Little energy was consumed when producing and transporting this item. Materials that are regionally manufactured or harvested.

Ex. Using stone from a local quarry rather than an overseas source.