What is management?
Getting things done by organising other people to do it. Managers organise and motivate staff into implementing the strategies/tactics to achieve business objectives.
What are the different types of leadership?
- Laissez Faire
Describe an autocratic leader
- Leader makes decisions without reference to anyone else
- High degree of dependency on the leader
- Can create de-motivation and alienation of staff
- Decisions are made quickly
Describe a democratic leader
- Encourages decision making from different perspectives
- Leaders consult before decisions are made
- May help motivation
- Workers feel ownership of their ideas
- Improves sharing of ideas
- Can delay decision making
Describe laissez faire leadership
- Responsibilities are shared by all
- Can be useful in organisations where creative ideas are important
- Can be motivational as people have control over their working lives
- Can make decision making time consuming and lacking in direction
- Relies on good teamwork and interpersonal relationships
Describe paternalistic leadership
- Employees are consulted but leader makes all decisions
- Leader acts as a father figure
- Close supervision but attempts are made to gain respect of staff
- Type of authoritarian management but the manager attempts to look after the needs of subordinates
- Workers recognise that manager is trying to support their needs
What are the factors affecting leadership styles?
- The task
- Tradition and culture of the organisation
- Type of labour force
- Group size
- Leader's personality
- Groups personality
- Time availible to complete the task
- Companys structure
What is the Tannenbaum Schmidt Continnum?
A model that highlights the range of different management styles that are being adopted, ranging from a tell approach to the one that involves delegation
What is the Blake Mouton grid?
Model highlights the different management styles according to the leaders focus on the task and the people within the business
Describe a country club leader
Has the most concern for people - if people are happy they will work hard
Describe an impoverished leader
Least concern for people and production
Describe a middle of the road leader
Balanced concern for people and production
Describe a team leader
Stresses the importance of high production and employee satisfaction
Describe a produce or perish leader
Employees are simply a means to an end and their needs are always secondary to efficiency and productivity
What is scientific decision making?
A systematic approach of collecting facts and applying logical decision making techniques
Made in circumstances of uncertainty and where the outcome will have a major impact on the medium to long term future of the organisation
What is intuitive decision making?
Using a combination of experience and feel for the future to make decisions
What are the advantages of intuitive decision making?
- make decisions quickly
- more enthusiastic
- less cost
- more understanding
what are the advantages of scientific decision making?
- forces lots of research
- financial stability
- keep reviewing and checking decisions
- easier to obtain finance
what are the factors in the scientific Decision-making model?