Mastronarde Greek 7-10 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Mastronarde Greek 7-10 Deck (97):
1

ἀγαθός, ἀγαθή, ἀγαθόν

good; well-born; brave

2

αἰσχρός, αἰσχρά, αἰσχρόν

ugly; shameful, base

3

ἄξιος, ἀξία, ἄξιον

worth; worthy, deserving of (with a genitive complement)

4

δῆλος, δήλη, δῆλον

clear, manifest

5

δίκαιος, δικαία, δίκαιον

just

6

κακός, κακή, κακόν

bad; evil; low-born

7

καλός, καλή, καλόν

beautiful; fine,noble

8

μακρός, μακρά, μακρόν

long, tall, large; far

9

μικρός, μικρά, μικρόν

small, little

10

πονηρός, πονηρά, πονηρόν

worthless; knavish; evil, base

11

σοφός, σοφή, σοφόν

skilled, clever, wise

12

φίλιος, φιλία, φίλιον

friendly, beloved

13

χαλεπός, χαλεπή, χαλεπόν

difficult, hard; harsh, cruel

14

ἱερός, ἱερά, ἱερόν

holy, consecrated

15

τὸ ἱερόν

holy place, shrine

16

τὰ ἱερά

offerings; omens; sacred rites

17

πεζός, πεζή, πεζόν

on foot, on land

18

ὁ πεζός

infantry

19

οἱ πεζοί

foot soldiers

20

πλούσιος, πλουσία, πλούσιον

wealthy, rich

21

οἱ πλούσιοι

rich men

22

πολέμιος, πολεμία, πολέμιον

hostile; belonging to war

23

οἱ πολέμιοι

the enemy

24

φίλος, φίλη, φίλον

beloved, dear

25

ὁ φίλος, ἡ φίλη

(male) friend, (female) friend

26

πολίτης ἄξιος

a worthy citizen

27

μικραὶ ἡδοναί

small pleasures

28

ὁ ἀγαθὸς βίος

the good life

29

ὁ ἐν τῇ ἀγορᾷ στρατιώτης

the soldier in the marketplace

30

οἱ ἄνθρωποι οἱ τότε

the people of that time

31

οἱ δικασταὶ οἱ δίκαιοι

the just jurymen

32

οἱ τότε

the people of that time

33

οἱ πρὸς τῇ θαλάττῃ

the people near the sea

34

τὰ χαλεπά

(the) difficult things

35

τὰ δίκαια

the just things=just deeds=what is just

36

ὁ δικαστὴς δίκαιος

The juryman is just (predication, non-emphatic)

37

δικαστὴς ὁ δίκαιος

The juryman is just. (not unjust; emphatic)

38

ὁ δικαστὴς ναύτης

The juryman is a sailor.

39

ποιητὴς ὁ στρατηγός

The general is a poet.

40

ἡ τοῦ στρατηγοῦ σκηνή

the general's tent or the tent of the general

41

τὸ τοῦ δικαίου δικαστοῦ βιβλίον

the just juror's book or the book of the just juror

42

ἄγω, ἄξω, ἤγαγον

lead, carry

43

ἀποθνῄσκω (ἀπο), ἀποθανέομαι, ἀπέθανον

die

44

ἄρχω, ἄρξω, ἦρξα + gen.

begin; rule, be leader of

45

γράφω, γράψω, ἔγραψα

scratch; inscribe; write

46

ἐθέλω, ἐθελήσω, ἠθέλησα

be willing, wish

47

ἐλαύνω, ἐλάω, ἤλασα

drive, set in motion; (intrans.) ride, march

48

ἐπιτρέπω (ἐπι), (see τρέπω)

turn over to, entrust

49

ἔχω, ἕξω and σχήσω, ἔσχον

have, hold

50

λαμβάνω, λήψομαι, ἔλαβον

take, grasp; recieve

51

λέγω, λέξω, ἔλεξα

say, speak; recount

52

λείπω, λειψω, ἔλιπον

leave, abandon

53

λύω, λύσω, ἔλυσα

loosen, release

54

μένω, μενέω, ἔμεινα

remain, stay; wait for, wait

55

πείθω, πείσω, ἔπεισα

persuade, urge

56

πέμπω, πέμψω, ἔπεμψα

send

57

φέρω, οἴσω, ἤνεγκον and ἤνεγκα (stem ἐνεγκ-)

bear, carry, bring; endure

58

φεύγω, φευξομαι φευξέομαι, ἔθυγον

flee, be in exile

59

οὐ, οὐκ, οὐχ

not (for negation of statements)

60

Present active infinitive of ἄγω

ἄγειν

61

βλάπτω, βλάψω, ἔβλαψα

harm, damage

62

κελεύω, κελεύσω, ἐκέλευσα

order, command (+acc. of person + inf)

63

κόπτω, κόψω, ἔκοψα

strike, chop, beat

64

τάττω, τάξω, ἔταξα

marshal, draw up (troops); arrange; appoint

65

δεῖ

it is necessary, it is needful (for one to do something)
(+acc of person + inf.)ought to, must, should

66

δοκεῖ

it seems good, it seems best (+ dat of person + inf.)

67

ἔξεστι (ἐξ), (see εἰμί)

it is permitted, it is possible (+ acc. or dat. of person + inf.)

68

πρέπει

it is fitting, becoming, seemly (+ acc. or dat. of person + inf.)

69

χρή, χρἤσται, --

it is necessary (+ acc. of person + inf.)out to, must, should

70

μή

not (for negation of most infinitives, individual words, many types of subordinate clauses)

71

ὅσιος, ὁσία, ὅσιον

hallowed; pious, pure

72

ῥᾴδιος, ῥᾳδία, ῥᾴδιον

easy

73

ἄδικος, ἄδικον

unjust

74

ἀθάνατος, ἀθάνατον

undying, immortal

75

ἀνόσιος, ἀνόσιον

unholy, profane

76

βάρβαρος, βάρβαρονοἱ βάρβαροι

non-Greek-speaking, foreign; (pejorative) barbarian foreigners, esp. the Persians

77

σύμμαχος, σύμμαχον

fighting along with, allied with

78

οἱ σύμμαχοι

allies

79

βάλλω, βαλέω, ἔβαλον

throw, strike

80

εἰμί, ἔσομαι, --

be

81

εὑρίσκω, εὑρήσω, ηὗρον

find, find out, discover

82

πάσχω, πείσομαι, ἔπαθον

have (something) done to one, experience; suffer

83

πράττω, πράξω, ἔπραξα

effect, accomplish, do; experience (a certain fortune), fare

84

ἀνάγκη, ἀνάγκης

f. force, constraint, necessity

85

ἀνάγκη (ἐστί)

(impersonal expression) it is necessary (compulsory, unavoidable) (+ dat or acc of person + inf)

86

εἰρήνη, εἰρήνης

f. peace; peace treaty

87

ἐπιθυμία, ἐπιθυμίας

f. desire, yearning

88

λίθος, λίθου

m. stone(as feminine, a particular variety of stone)

89

μάχη, μάχης

f. battle, combat

90

ἐπιορκία, ἐπιορκίας

f. false swearing, perjury

91

Ἀθηναῖος, Ἀθηναία, Ἀθηναῖον

Athenian

92

οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι

the Athenians

93

αἴτιος, αἰτία, αἴτιον

responsible; responsible for, cause of (+ objective gen.)

94

πλεῖστος, πλείστη, πλεῖστον

most, greatest, largest; (often with art.) the greatest number, the most

95

οἱ πλεῖστοι

the majority, the greatest part (of a group)

96

πρότερος, προτέρα, πρότερον

former, earlier, previous

97

ὕστερος, ὑστέρα, ὕστερον

latter, later, next