Mean Time by Carol Ann Duffy Flashcards Preview

AQA English Language and Literature A Level > Mean Time by Carol Ann Duffy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mean Time by Carol Ann Duffy Deck (143)
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1

How would the current life of the poetic voice in the The Captain best be described?

- Disappointing (Contemptuous reference to wife and children, “my thick kids/my stale wife”

2

What is the form of The Captain?

Dramatic monologue

3

Why is the poetic voice of The Captain unusual?

Male poetic voice written by a female poet

4

Why does Duffy use a masculine poetic voice in The Captain?

Explore:
- Masculinity
-Masculine preoccupation w/ power & glory

5

What is the narrative of The Captain?

Middle aged-man reliving his schooldays in the 60s

6

What are the key ideas of stanza one of The Captain?

Set scene of 60s -> hope and cultural/economic resurgence after post-war austerity (Popular allusion -> pop songs of the time)
Poetic voice's sexual awakening

7

How is an upbeat tone created in stanza one of The Captain?

1. Musical onomatopoeia “Do Wah Diddy Diddy”
2. Sexual focus “Oh Pretty Woman”, “Baby Love”
3. Asyndetic list creates sense of
energy

8

How does the poetic voice in The Captain prove to the listener their breadth of knowledge?

“the Beatles were everywhere else”, “the B-side of the Supremes one”
Range of different musical genres that the poetic voice references -> breadth of knowledge.
“B-side” -> lesser-known song, emphasises the boastful nature of the persona

9

How is the poetic voice juxtaposed in stanza one of The Captain?

“Hang on. Come See About Me?”
Minor sentence shows hesitation, juxtaposes from previous arrogance; interrogative further reinforces lack of confidence.

10

How is the eventual downfall, as perceived by the poetic voice, foreshadowed in stanza one of The Captain?

“Gargling with Vimto.”
Minor sentence -> metaphor of life gone flat, juxtaposed with “fizzing hope”, reinforces energy of past, contrasted with falter in interrogative

11

How is the arrogance of the poetic voice fully asserted in stanza one of The Captain?

“clever smell of my satchel”
- Hyperbolic sensory imagery -> abundant knowledge - Personification of smell -> sense of imagination & lively youthful nature.

12

How is the poetic voice further established as a man of the the 1960s in stanza one of The Captain?

“Convent girls.”
Minor sentence -> feeling of superiority the poetic voice experienced
Power -> Catholic girls break their vow of
celibacy
Reinforcing hierarchy of sexes in 60s

13

How is the sexual awakening of the poetic voice reinforced in stanza one of The Captain?

“my lips numb as a two hour snog.”
Simile reinforces sexual
imagery of “convent girls.”

14

What are the main ideas of stanzas two and three of The Captain?

- Time in classroom as quiz team captain
- Childhood's potential and energy, young boy optimistic & confident

15

How is an ambiguous phrase used to describe the hyperbolic description of the poetic voice's childhood in The Captain?

"No snags."
- Minor sentence
- Problems w/ hair (pulled hair forward with steel comb)
- Problems in general?

16

How is a series of declarative minor sentences used to demonstrate the poetic voice's depth of knowledge in The Captain?

"The Nile rises in April. Blue and white."
- Depth of knowledge expanded quickly due to short sentence length increasing the pace of reading/speaking

17

How is symbolism used to reinforce the poetic voice's sexual awakening in The Captain?

"beat so fast they blur in flight"
- Sexual symbolism of heartbeat during romantic encounters with the convent girls
- Symbolic of academic prowess w/ ideas blurring mentally due to speed of recall1

18

How is asyndetic listing used to reinforce the poetic voice's breadth of knowledge in The Captain?

"the capitals, the Kings and Queens, the dates."
- Cumulative effect of different topics (geography/history) creates sense of overwhelming quantity of knowledge

19

How is hyperbolic repetition used to reinforce the poetic voice's feelings of superiority in The Captain?

"saluted again and again."
- Demands respect from teacher, military links, foregrounds interpretation of road names

20

How are discourse features used in The Captain?

"Sir!...Correct."
- Adjacency pair of free indirect speech, preferred response

21

How is a fronted adverbial used in The Captain to convey the superiority of the poetic voice?

"Later, I whooped..."
- Fronted adverbial, demonstrates how the poetic voice excelled inside and outside of school
- Juxtaposition of self-discipline in school and reckless abandon outside of school

22

How is popular allusion used to convey a sense of heroism in The Captain?

"a cowboy"
- Popular allusion to popular game Cowboys and Indians
- Popular allusion to popularity of western films featuring cowboys during the 60s

23

How is hyperbole used to convey a sense of superiority in The Captain?

"mounted it running in one jump"
- Potential sexual connotation of material verb "mounted" could suggest both the hyperbolic nature of the description of the poetic voice's athleticism, but also his sexual performance

24

How are Latin declensions used in The Captain to convey a sense of the anachronistic nature of the poetic voice's knowledge?

"Dominus domine dominum"
- Latin is obsolete
- Perspective of self as "Lord" -> translation of Latin noun-verb

25

How is ellipsis used in The Captain to convey the poetic voice?

"Dave Dee Dozy..."
- Ellipsis demonstrates poetic voice's forgetfulness, popular allusion to pop group of the 60s

26

How are possessive pronouns used in The Captain to show ownership and relationships?

""my mother kept my / mascot Gonk / on the TV set for a year"
- Repetition of possessive pronouns -> ownership & superiority -> blames mother for enhanced arrogance
- Popular allusion to furry toys of the 60s

27

How is popular allusion used in The Captain to make the poetic voice feel real?

"Dave Dee Dozy"
- Music group of the 60s
"my mascot Gonk"
- Furry toys of the 60s
"a cowboy"
- Game "Cowboys and Indians"
- Popularity of western films featuring cowboys during the 60s
"Do Wah Diddy Diddy, Baby Love..."
- Pop songs of the 60s
"A Hard Day's Night"
- Beatles song
"I smiled as wide as a child who went missing on the way home from school"
- Moors Murders of 60s

28

How is prepositional repetition used in The Captain?

"up Churchill Way, up Nelson Drive, over pink pavements..."
- Arrogance suggested in "over" military leaders reference

29

How is irony used in The Captain?

"Stamped the pawprints of badgers and skunks in the mud"
- Irony of abuse of power coupled with popular allusion to the animal print soles of children's shoes of the 1960s

30

How are possessive pronouns used in The Captain?

"My country."
- Hyperbolic sense of arrogance, emphasised by orthographic sentence