Med Term Review Intermediate Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Med Term Review Intermediate Deck (173):
1

myelomeningocele

hernia of spinal cord and meninges

2

radiculopathy

disease of the nerve root

3

radiculitis

inflammation of the nerve root

4

analgesia

condition of no sensitivity to pain

5

hypalgesia

diminished sensitivity to pain

6

causalgia

pain of burning

7

comatose

pertaining to deep sleep

8

anesthesia

condition of no feeling or nervous sensation

9

hyperesthesia

excessive feeling or nervous sensation

10

paresthesia

abnormal feeling or nervous sensation

11

bradykinesis

slow movement

12

dyskinesis

bad painful movement

13

narcolepsy

siezure of sleep

14

dyslexia

conditon of bad or difficult words

15

hemiparesis

weakness of half

16

aphasia

without or no speech

17

hemiplegia

paralysis of half of the body

18

quadriplegia

paralysis of four

19

apraxia

without or no action

20

neurasthenia

no strength of nerve

21

syncopal

pertaining to cut off

22

ataxia

condition of without or no coordination

23

aortic stenosis

abnormal tightening pertaining to the aorta

24

arteriosclerosis

abnormal hardening of an artery

25

bradycardia

condition of slow heart

26

tachycardia

condition of fast heart

27

cyanosis

abnormal condition of blue

28

myxoma

tumor of mucus

29

hypoxia

condition of low oxygen or o2

30

sphygmomanometer

measure pulse

31

stethoscope

instrument to listen (to chest)

32

interventricular septum

septum or division pertaining to between ventricals

33

alveolar

pertaining to arir sac or aveolus

34

hypercapnia

condition of excessive carbon dioxide

35

pneumoconiosis

abnormal condition of excessive carbon dioxide

36

mediastinoscopy

visual examination of mediastinum or breast bone

37

orthopnea

upright breathing

38

expectoration

process of coughing up and out of chest

39

dysphonia

condition of difficult or abnormal voice

40

pleurodynia

pain of pleura

41

pneumothorax

air in chest

42

pneumonectomy

surgical removal of lung

43

pulmonary

pertaining to lung

44

spirometer

instrument to measure breathing

45

expiration

process of breathing out

46

respiration

process of breathing again

47

atelectasis

without complete widening or dilation

48

tracheal stenosis

tightening or stricture pertaining to the trachea or windpipe

49

empyema

condition in pus

50

anosmia

without or no smell

51

apnea

without or no breathing

52

dyspnea

bad, painful, difficult, abnormal breathing

53

hypernea

excessive breathing

54

tachypnea

fast breathing

55

hemoptysis

spitting of blood

56

asphyxia

without pulse

57

hemothorax

chest blood

58

pyothorax

chest pus

59

hypochromic

pertaining to deficient color

60

cytology

study of the cell

61

erythrocytopenia

deficiency of red cells

62

hemolysis

breakdown or descruction of blood

63

hematocrit

separation of blood

64

leukocytopenia

deficiency of white cells or WBCs

65

sideropenia

deficiency of iron

66

thrombocytopenia

deficiency of clotting cells

67

erythroblast

immature red blood cell or RBC

68

thrombolytic therapy

therapy destruction of a clot

69

myeloid

derived from or resembling bone marrow

70

pancytopenia

deficiency of all cells

71

hematopoiesis

formation of blood

72

immunoglobulin

protein that protects

73

immunosuppression

to stop protection

74

lymphocytopenia

deficiency of lymph cells

75

splenomegaly

enlargement of the spleen

76

thymoma

tumor of the thymus gland

77

hypercalcemia

blood condition of excessive calcium

78

decalcification

process of making less calcium

79

kyphosis

abnormal condition of hunchback or humpback

80

lordosis

abnormal condition of swayback

81

orthopedics

pertaining to straight bones

82

scoliosis

abnormal condition of bent or crooked

83

spondylosis

abnormal conditon of vertebra

84

osteoblast

immature bone cell

85

osteoclast

to break bone

86

spondylolisthesis

slipping of vertebrae

87

epiphysis

to grove above

88

osteoporosis

to grow together pertaining to pubic or pelvis

89

osteotome

instrument to cut bone

90

ankylosis

abnormal conditon of being stiff

91

achondroplasia

no or without development of cartilage

92

rheumatologist

specialist in the study of watery flow

93

tenorrhaphy

suture of tendon

94

tenosynovitis

inflammation of tendon and sheath

95

arthrodesis

to bind or tie together a joint

96

fasciectomy

surgical removal of fascia

97

fibromyalgia

pain of connective tissue and muscle

98

plantar flexion

to bend downward

99

rhabdomyoma

tumor of skeletal muscle

100

amyotrophic

pertaining to without muscle development or nourishment

101

abduction

process to lead or carry away

102

adduction

process to carry toward

103

dorsiflexion

to bend back

104

albinism

condition of white

105

dermatologist

specialist in the study of skin

106

epidermolysis

breakdown of above outer layer of skin

107

anhidrosis

abnormal condition of no sweat

108

keratosis

abnormal condition of hard, horny tissue

109

leukoplakia

white plaque

110

onycholysis

separtation of the nail

111

paronychia

condition near or beside the nail

112

rhytidectomy

surgical removal of a wrinkle

113

seborrhea

discharge of sebum

114

trichomycosis

abnormal condition of hair fungus

115

xanthoma

mass or collection of yellow

116

xeroderma

dry skin

117

dacryadenitis

inflammation of tear gland or duct

118

keratitis

inflammation of cornea

119

ophthalmologist

specialist in the study of the eye

120

ophthalmoplegia

paralysis of the eye

121

palpebral

pertaining to eyelid

122

papilledema

swelling of the optic disc

123

phacoemulsification

to crush the lense of the eye

124

amblyopia

dull or dim vision

125

diplopia

double vision

126

photophobia

sensitivity to light

127

presbyopia

old age vision

128

scotoma

collection of darkness or blind spot

129

xerophthalmia

condition of dry eyes

130

postauricular

pertaining to behind the ear

131

myringitis

inflammation of the eardrum

132

otomycosis

abnormal condition of ear fungus

133

otopyorrhea

discharge of ear pus

134

otolaryngologist

specialist in the study of ear and larynx or throat

135

salpingopharyngeal

pertaining to tube to the throat or pharynx

136

tympanoplasty

surgical repair of eardrum or tympanic membrane

137

hyperacusis

excessive hearing

138

presbycusis

old age hearing

139

hypercalciuria

urine condition of excessive calcium

140

hypocalcemia

blood conditionn of deficient calcium

141

endocrinologist

specialist in the study of secreting within

142

homeostasis

stopping or controlling sameness

143

hypokalemia

blood condition of deficient potassium

144

myxedema

swelling with mucus

145

hyponatremia

blood condition of deficient sodium

146

cachexia

bad habit or bad health

147

carcinoma in situ

cancerous tumor at the origional site

148

mucositis

inflammation of mucous membrane

149

oncology

study of tumor

150

pharmacokinetics

movement of chemical or drug

151

dysplastic

pertaining to abnormal formation or development

152

xerostomia

condition of dry mouth

153

retinoblastoma

immature tumor of retina

154

hyperplasia

backward development

155

neoplasm

new growth or formation

156

brachytherapy

treatment from near or a short distance

157

metastasis

change beyond control

158

fluoroscopy

luminous or fluorescent visualization

159

radiopharmaceutical

pertaining to radioactive drug

160

roentgenology

study of x-rays

161

hysterosalpingogram

record of uterus and fallopian tubes

162

radiolucent

x-rays that shine through

163

radiopaque

x-rays that are obscured

164

antipruritic

pertaining to against itching

165

antipyretic

pertaining to against fever

166

intrathecal

intrathecal

167

antidote

given against

168

contraindication

against perscribing medication

169

parenteral

pertaining to other than or apart from intestines

170

anxiolytic

pertaining to reducing (breakdown) of anxiety

171

xenophobia

fear of strangers

172

dysphoria

bad feeling

173

psychopharmacology

study of mind drugs or chemicals