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Flashcards in Med Terms Deck (322)
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1

-emia

blood condition

2

hem-, hema-, hemat[o]-, hemo-

blood

3

phleb[o]-

vein

4

thromb[o]-

blood clot

5

varic[o]-

duct, blood vessel

6

ven[o]-

vein

7

-alge-, -algesi

pain

8

crani[o]-

brain

9

mening[o]-

meninges

10

myel[o]-

spinal cord/bone marrow

11

neur-, neuri-, neuron

nerve

12

-phasia

speech

13

-plegia

paralysis

14

-ptosis

falling, drooping

15

andr[o]-

male

16

gyn[o]-, gynec-

female

17

hyster[o]-

uterus

18

lact[o]-, lacti

milk

19

mamm, mast[o]-

breast

20

oo-

egg, ovary

21

oophor[o]-

ovary

22

orchid[o]-, orchio-

testis

23

ovari[o]-, ovi-, ovo-

ovary

24

salping[o]-

tube

25

sperma-, spermato-, spermo-

sperm

26

bronch[i]-

bronchus

27

myx[o]-

mucus

28

pneumo-, pleuro-

lung

29

phren-, phreni-, phrenico-, phreno-

diaphragm

30

pleur[a][o]-

rib, pleura

31

-pnea

breathing

32

pneum[a]-, pneumat[o]-

air, lung

33

acous[o]-

hearing

34

blephar-

eyelid

35

irid[o]-

iris

36

kerat[o]-

cornea (eye or skin)

37

lacrim[o]-

tear (from eye)

38

myring[o]-

eardrum

39

oculo-

eye

40

op-, opt-

vision

41

ophthalm[o]-

eye

42

ot[o]-

ear

43

retin-

retina

44

rhin[o]-

nose

45

tympan[o]-

eardrum

46

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

47

-desis

surgical binding

48

-ectomy

cut out, removal

49

echo-

using ultrasonic waves

50

-gram, -graph, -graphy

recording, written

51

-meter

device used for measuring

52

-metry

measurement of

53

-opsy

visual examination

54

-ostomy

opening

55

-otomy

incision

56

-pexy

surgical fixation

57

-plasty

surgical reconstruction

58

rrhaphy

suture

59

-scope, -scopy

examine, for examining

60

-stomy

surgical opening

61

-tomy

cutting, incision

62

-tripsy

crushing

63

ab-, abs-

away from

64

ambi-

both sides

65

ante-

before, forward

66

brady-

slow

67

circum-

around

68

cycl-

circle, cycle

69

dextr[o]-

right side

70

de-

away from, ending

71

dia-

across, through

72

ect[o]-, exo-

outer, outside

73

en-

inside

74

end[o]-, ent-, enter[o]-

within, inner

75

epi-

upon, outside of

76

ex-, extra-

beyond

77

hyper-

above normal

78

hypo-

below normal

79

infra-

beneath, below

80

inter-

between

81

intra-

within

82

macro-

large

83

megalo-, -megaly

large

84

meso-

middle

85

meta-

beyond, change

86

micro-

small

87

para-

alongside, abnormal

88

per-

through

89

peri-

around

90

post-

behind, after

91

pre-

before, in front

92

retro-

backward, behind

93

sinistr[o]-

left, left side

94

sub-

under

95

super-

above

96

supra-

above, upon

97

sy-, syl-, sym-, syn-, sys-

together

98

tachy-

fast

99

trans-

across, through

100

chlor[o]-

green

101

chrom-, chromato-

color

102

cyano-

blue

103

erythr[o]-

red

104

leuk[o]-

white

105

melan[o]-

black

106

xanth[o]-

yellow

107

-ology

study of part of the body

108

-ologist

person working with a specific part of body or disease

109

-iatry

medical treatment

110

-iatrist

person provided specific treatment

111

-cele

bulge

112

elect-

electrical activity

113

kin-, kine-, kinesi[o]-, kino-

movement

114

kyph[o]-

humped

115

morph[o]-

shape

116

rhabd[o]-, rod-

shaped, striated

117

scoli[o]-

twisted

118

cry[o]-

cold

119

phon[o]-

sound

120

phos, phot[o]-

light

121

reticul[o]-

net

122

therm[o]-

heat

123

tono-

tone, tension, pressure

124

-trophy

growth

125

PPD

purified protein derivative

126

ALP

Alkaline phosphatase

127

PT

prothrombin time

128

onych[o]-

fingernail, toenail

129

ather[o]-

fatty plaque

130

onco-

tumor, bulk, volume

131

-ium

structure, tissue

132

chol-

bile

133

-praxia

movement

134

-oid

resembling

135

-ectasis

expansion, dilation

136

-esis

state or condition

137

ICD

implantable cardioverter defibrilator

138

PAT

paroxysmal arterial tachycardia

139

PAD

peripheral arterial disease

140

PID

pelvic inflammatory disease

141

PUD

peptic ulcer disease

142

CMV

cytomegalovirus

143

CAD

coronary artery disease

144

CVA

cerebrovascular accident

145

AVM

arteriovenous malformation

146

BPH

benign prostatic hypertrophy

147

AMI

acute myocardial infarction

148

AMD

age-related macular degeneration

149

TIA

transient ischemic attack

150

RSV

respiratory syncytial virus

151

chondr-

cartilage

152

-emesis

vomiting

153

lith[o]-

stone

154

PSA

prostate specific antigen

155

-penia

deficiency, lack of

156

somat[o]-, somatico-

body, bodily

157

angi[o]-

blood vessel

158

adren[o]-

gland

159

-oma

tumor

160

hist[o]- histio-

tissue

161

CABG

coronary artery bypass graft

162

IBD

inflammatory bowel disease

163

spondyl[o]-

vertebra

164

DJD

degenerative joint disease

165

cyst[i][o]-

bladder or sac

166

oxy-

acute, sharp, oxygen

167

-rrhage, -rrhagic

bleeding

168

pod[o]-, ped[o]

foot

169

CRP

c-reactive protein

170

laryng[o]-

larynx

171

ileo-

ilium

172

RA

rheumatoid arthritis

173

SAD

seasonal affective disorder

174

SIDS

sudden infant death syndrome

175

STD

sexually transmitted disease

176

TB

tuberculosis

177

TMJ

temporomandibular joint disease

178

ESR

erythrocyte sedimentation rate

179

BRCA

breast cancer gene

180

HDL

high-density lipoprotein

181

DX

diagnosis

182

UTI

urinary tract infection

183

WBC

white blood cell

184

IV

intravenous

185

NPO

nothing by mouth

186

GFR

glomerular filtration rate

187

T4

thyroxine

188

CPR

cardiorespiratory resuscitation

189

NG

nasogastric

190

TAH

total abdominal hysterectomy

191

MMR

measles, mumps, rubella

192

BP

blood pressure

193

TSH

thyroid-stimulating hormone

194

FSH

follicle-stimulating hormone

195

RX

treatment

196

CA-125

cancer antigen 125

197

EEG

electroencephalogram

198

ABG

arterial blood gases

199

CA

cancer or calcium

200

PRN

as needed

201

ECK/EKG

electrocardiogram

202

LFT

liver function test

203

BUN

blood urea nitrogen

204

DTP

diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis

205

cutane

skin

206

derm-, dermato-

skin

207

NKDA

no known drug allergies

208

ADL

activities of daily living

209

CBC

complete blood count

210

CAT

computerized axial tomography

211

D & C

dilation and curettage

212

lip-, lipo-

fat

213

pharyng[o]-

pharynx, throat

214

BMI

body mass index

215

-spasm

muscle condition

216

RBC

red blood cell

217

proct[o]-, rect[o]-

MRI

218

sigmoid[o]-

sigmoid colon

219

spen[o]-

spleen

220

HCT

hematocrit

221

arth-, arthro-

joint

222

spasmo-

spasm

223

TURP

transurethral resection of prostate gland

224

burs[o]-

bursa

225

carp[o]-

wrist

226

nephr[o]-, ren[o]-

kidney

227

IM

intramuscular

228

prostat-

prostate

229

CXR

chest xray

230

karyo-

nucleus

231

PTT

partial thromboblastin time

232

XRT

radiotherapy

233

dorsa-

back

234

cardi[o]-, coron-

heart

235

ateri[o]-

artery

236

gluco-, glyco-

sugar, glucose

237

lymph[o]-

lymph

238

sial[o]-

saliva, salivary gland

239

thy-, thyro-

thyroid gland

240

carcin[o]-

cancer

241

pyro-

fever

242

odont[o]-

tooth

243

IDDM

insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

244

MI

myocardial infarction

245

ALT

alanine aminotransferase

246

dactyl[o]-

digit (finger/toe)

247

bio-

life

248

cost[o]-

rib

249

TIBC

total iron binding capacity

250

PET

positron emission tomography

251

vesic[o]-

vesicle (cyst or pouch)

252

PAP

papanicolau

253

phalang-

phalanx (bone of finger/toe)

254

osseo-

bony

255

AST

aspartate aminotransferase

256

EMG

electromyography

257

contra-, anti-

against

258

-blast[o], -blastic

germ, bud

259

-ity

pertaining to

260

URI

upper respiratory infection

261

PVC

premature ventricular contraction

262

ALS

amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

263

CHD

congenital heart disease

264

DM

diabetes mellitus

265

GERD

gastroesophageal reflux disease

266

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

267

CPK

creatinine phosphokinase

268

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography

269

trache[o]-

trachea

270

LDL

low-density lipoprotein

271

HGB

hemoglobin

272

T3

triiodothyronine

273

scapu-

shoulder

274

ur[o]-

urine

275

ECHO

echocardiogram

276

uri-, uric[o]-

uric acid

277

orth[o]-

straight, normal, correct

278

PFT

pulmonary function test

279

AFIB

atrial fibrillation

280

AODM

adult-onset diabetes mellitus

281

CHF

congestive heart failure

282

CRF

chronic renal failure

283

HBV

Hep B virus

284

ischi[o]-

ischium

285

thorac[o]-, thoracico-

chest

286

SOB

shortness of breath

287

pan-, pant[o]-

all, everywhere

288

-plasia, -plastic

growth

289

HAV

Hep A Virus

290

ESRD

end-stage renal disease

291

-phagia, -phagy

eating, swallowing

292

DVT

deep vein thrombosis

293

-ites, -itis

inflammation

294

adip[o]-

fat

295

pyo-

pus

296

ADHD

attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

297

stoma-, stomat[o]-

mouth

298

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

299

COPD

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

300

IVP

intravenous pyelogram

301

-taxis

movement

302

HCV

Hep C Virus

303

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

304

duodeno-

duodenum

305

HPV

human papilloma virus

306

HTN

hypertension

307

a-, an-

without, lacking

308

-uria

"in the urine"

309

IBS

irritable bowel syndrome

310

IUD

intrauterine device

311

MRSA

methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

312

brachi[o]-

arm

313

MS

multiple sclerosis

314

NIDDM

non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus

315

OCD

obsessive-compulsive disorder

316

PTSD

post-traumatic stress syndrome illness

317

PMS

premenstrual syndrome

318

gastr-

stomach

319

gloss-, lingu[o]-

tongue

320

stern-

sternum

321

muscul[o]-, my[o]-

muscle

322

PTH

parathyroid hormone