Medical Terminologies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminologies Deck (79)
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1
Q

Exopthalmis

A

Bulging eyeballs

2
Q

Labarynthitis

A

Inflammation of the ear’s labyrinth

3
Q

Hemoptysis

A

Coughing up of blood stained-mucus

4
Q

Hypoxia

A

A region of the body that is deprived of adequate oxygen supply

5
Q

Ischemia

A

Restriction in blood supply to tissues

6
Q

Phlebitis

A

Inflammation in a vein

7
Q

Tachypnea

A

Rapid breathing

8
Q

Tachycardia

A

High heart beat

9
Q

Thrombophlebitis

A

Causes a blood clot to form and block one or more veins

Usually legs

10
Q

Vasoconstriction

A

A narrowing of the blood vessels resulting from contraction of the muscular wall of the vessels

11
Q

Vasodilation

A

The widening of blood vessels

12
Q

Anorexia

A

Lack or loss of apetite

13
Q

Duodenitis

A

Inflammation of the duodenitis beginning of the small intestine

14
Q

Dyspepsia

A

Discomfort or pain in the upper abdomen

15
Q

Enteritis

A

Inflammation if the small intestine

16
Q

Epigastrium

A

The part if the upper abdomen immediately over the stomach

17
Q

Gastritis

A

Inflammation of the stomach

18
Q

Gastroscopy

A

Scope inserted by the mouth to view the stomach

19
Q

Hypogastrium

A

The part of the central abdomen which is situated below the region of the stomach

20
Q

Peritonitis

A

Inflammation of the perineum

21
Q

Polydipsia

A

Extreme thirst

22
Q

Polyphagia

A

Extreme hunger

23
Q

Anemia

A

Condition in which you lack enough red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen to your body

24
Q

Angiography

A

Examination by x-ray of blood or lymph nodes

25
Q

Angioplasty

A

Surgical repair or unblocking of a blood vessel

26
Q

Arrhythmia

A

Irregular heartbeat

27
Q

Atelectasis

A

Partial or complete lung collapse

28
Q

Artherosclerosis

A

Build up of fats, cholesterol and other substances in and on your artery wall which can restrict blood flow

29
Q

Bradycardia

A

Slower than a normal heartbeat

30
Q

Bradypnea

A

Is an abnormally slow breathing rate

31
Q

Bronchiectasis

A

Is a disease in which there is a permanent enlargement of parts of the Airways of the lung

32
Q

Cyanosis

A

Refers to a bluish cast to the skin and mucous membrane

33
Q

Diaphoresis

A

Sweating

34
Q

Dyspnea

A

Shortness of breath

35
Q

Embolism

A

Blockage inside a blood vessel

36
Q

Epistaxis

A

Is an acute hemmorhage

37
Q

Ammenorhea

A

Absence of menstruations

38
Q

Cervicitis

A

Inflammation of the cervix

39
Q

Cystalgia

A

Pain in the bladder

40
Q

Cystoscopy

A

Procedure where the doctor examines the linning of the bladder, tube inserted in bladder

41
Q

Dysmenorrhea

A

Painful menstrual period

42
Q

Dysuria

A

Discomfort with urinations

43
Q

Hematuria

A

Blood in urine

44
Q

Hysterectomy

A

Surgical removal of the uterus

45
Q

Leukorrhea

A

Vaginal discharge

46
Q

Mammography

A

C-ray of breast

47
Q

Masterectomy

A

Surgical removal of breast

48
Q

Mastitis

A

Inflammation of breast tissue

49
Q

Menopause

A

Period stops naturally

50
Q

Mennorhea

A

Flow of blood at menstruation

51
Q

Metritis

A

Inflammation of the wall of the uterus

52
Q

Orchidectomy

A

Surgical removal of one or both testicals

53
Q

Orchitis

A

Inflammation of one or both testicles

54
Q

Pollakiuria

A

Abnormal increase in the number of urinations

55
Q

Polyuria

A

Condition where the body urinates more than usual and passes excessive or abnormally large amts of urine

56
Q

Prostatectomy

A

Partial or complete removal of the prostate

57
Q

Prostatitis

A

Inflammation of the prostate gland

58
Q

Salpingectomy

A

Surgical removal of the fallopian tubes

59
Q

Anuria

A

Faillure of the kidneys to produce urine

60
Q

Tinnitus

A

Buzzing or whistling in ears

61
Q

Agnosia

A

Cant recognize familiar objects

62
Q

Aphasia

A

Inability to understand words

63
Q

Apraxia

A

Absence of the ability to perform coordinated movements

64
Q

Ataxia

A

Absense of recognition of the use of objects

65
Q

Hyperalgia

A

Excessive pain

66
Q

Accrocyanose

A

Bluish coloring of the extremities

67
Q

Anesthesia

A

Absence of sensation

68
Q

Arthalgia

A

Pain in a join

69
Q

Arthritis

A

Inflammation of a joint

70
Q

Arthography

A

X-ray of a joint

71
Q

Osteoarthritis

A

Wear of a joint

72
Q

Polyarthritis

A

Is defined as arthritis or join pain that affects five or more joints simultaneously

73
Q

Ostéosynthesis

A

Internal fixations in an operating room that involves the surgical implementation of implants for the purpose of repairing a bone

74
Q

Coxalgia

A

Hip pain

75
Q

Dorsalgia

A

Pain in the dorsal region

76
Q

Lumbago

A

Pain in the lumbar region

77
Q

Gonalgia

A

Knee pain

78
Q

Orthopnea

A

Orthopnea is the sensation of breathlessness in the recumbent position, relieved by sitting or standing

79
Q

Isotonic solution

A

A solution that has the same salt concentration as cells and blood