Medical Terminology 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology 1 Deck (82)
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1

Ab-

From, Away EX: Abnormal- away from normal

2

Ad-

to, near, forward EX: Adrenal- near the kidney

3

Ante-

before EX: Antepartum- Before delivery of child

4

Brev-

Short EX: Brevity- in a short time

5

Circum-

around EX: Circumocular- around the eye

6

Brady-

Slow EX: Bradycardia- slow heart beat

7

Co-

with, together EX: Coordinate- work together

8

Con-

with, together EX: Congenital- with birth

9

Contra-

against EX: Contraindicated- not indicated

10

Counter-

against EX: Counterirritant- against infection

11

Dis-

apart from EX: Disarticulated- thing a joint apart

12

Ect-

outside EX: Ectonuclear- upon the skin

13

End-

within EX: Endocardium- membrane lining of the inner heart

14

Epi-

upon, on top of EX: Epidermis- upon the skin

15

Ex-

out from EX: Exhalation- breathe out

16

Acoust-

Sound EX: Acoustics- quality of sound

17

Aud-

Sound EX: Audition- to hear someone

18

Abdomin/o

Abdomen EX: abdominal- relating to the abdomen

19

Acr/o

Extremity, limbs EX: acromegaly- abnormally large limbs

20

Blast/o

Early embryonic EX: embryonic type cell

21

Adeno/o

Gland EX: adenopathy - disease of a gland

22

Angi/o

Vessel EX: angiogram- picture of a vessel

23

Arthr/o

Joint EX: Arthritis- inflammation of a joint

24

Bucc/o

Cheek EX: Buccolabial- relating. The cheek and lip

25

Cardi/o

Heart EX: Cardiology- study of the heart

26

Corp-

Body EX: Corpus collasum- connecting body

27

Chondr/o

Cartilage EX: Chondrocyte- cartilage cell

28

Cephal/o

Head EX: Cephalic- relating to the head

29

Cyst/o

Bladder EX: Cystoscopy- view of the bladder

30

Cyt/o

Cell EX: Cytokinesis- cell movement

31

Hypo-

under,lower EX: hypodermic- under the skin

32

Hyper-

Above, higher EX: Hyperactive- higher level activity

33

Im-

Not EX: Immature- not mature

34

In-

Not EX: incurable- not curable

35

Infra-

Under, below EX: infrapatellar- below the knee

36

Peri-

Around EX: pericardium- sac around the heart

37

Post-

After- EX: Postmortem- After death

38

Pre-

Before EX: prenatal - before brith

39

Pro-

Before EX: prognosis- a fore-knowing

40

Super-

Above, on top EX: superciliary- above the eyebrow

41

Supra-

Above, on top EX: suprapubic- above the pubic bone

42

Sym-

With, together EX: Symphony- sounds played together

43

Syn-

With, together EX: Synarthrosis- union of the bones

44

Trans-

Through, across EX: Transurethral- through the urthra

45

Gloss/o

Tongue EX: glosspathy- tongue disease

46

Hepat/o

Liver EX: hepatitis- Liver inflammation

47

Glute-

Buttocks EX: Gluteus Minimus- Small buttocks muscle

48

Laryng/o

Larynx EX: larynx inflammation

49

My/o

Muscle EX: Myocardium- heart muscle

50

Nephr/o

Kidney EX: Nephrologist- one who studies kidneys

51

Neur/o

Nerve EX: Neurosurgeon- surgeon of nervous system

52

Oste/o

Bone EX: Osteocyte- bone cell

53

Ot/o

Ear EX: Otitis Media- middle ear inflammation

54

Opthalm/o

Eye EX: Exophthalmos- eyes bulge out

55

Path/o

Disease EX: pathological- relating to disease

56

Pneumon/o

Lung EX: pneumonia- condition of the lung

57

Rhin/o

Nose EX: rhinoplasty- reform the nose

58

Stomat/o

Mouth, Opening EX: Stomatitis- mouth inflammation

59

Thorac/o

Chest, Thorax EX: thiracocentesis- puncture of the thorax

60

Dent/o

Tooth EX: dental- referring to teeth

61

Dermat/o

Skin EX: dermatitis- skin inflammation

62

Duoden/o

Duodenum EX: Duodenal- relating to the duodenum

63

Encephal/o

Brain EX: encephalitis- brain inflammation

64

Gastr/o

Stomach Ex: gastrointestinal- stomach and intestine

65

Uni-

One EX: Unicycle- one wheel

66

Mono-

One EX- monocular- one nucleus

67

Bi-

Two EX: bilateral- two sides

68

Bin-

Two EX: Binocular- two eyes

69

Di-

Two EX: Dicephalic- two heads

70

Ter-

Three EX: Teritiary- the third part or stage

71

Tri-

Three EX: Trilobar- three lobes

72

Quadr-

Four EX: quadriceps- muscle w/ 4 heads

73

Tetra-

Four EX: Tetracylcine- a four ringed molecule

74

Poly-

Many EX: polydactyly-many digits >5

75

Oligo

Few EX: Oligosaccharide- few sugars linked together

76

Micro-

Small EX: microscope- equipment to view small things

77

Macro-

Large EX: Macrophage- large eating cell

78

Mega-

Great enromous EX: Megadontia- huge teeth

79

-ac

related to EX: Cardiac- relating to the heart

80

-ious

related to EX: Contagious- communicable by contact

81

-ic

related to EX: Pyloric- related to pyloric valve of the stomach

82

-ism

condition EX: Mutism- condition of being mute