Medical Terminology 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology 1 Deck (90):
1

-al, -ac, -an, -ar, -ary

pertaining to

2

-algia, -dynia

pain

3

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

4

-cision

process of cutting

5

-cyte

cell

6

-ectomy

excision (removal); process of cutting

7

-emesis

vomiting

8

-emia

blood condition

9

-genesis, -poiesis

producing, forming

10

-genic

produced by

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-globin

protein

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-gram

record

13

-itis

inflammation

14

-logy

study of

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-lysis

breakdown, destruction, seperation

16

-megaly

enlargement

17

-oid

resembling

18

-oma

tumor, mass, swelling

19

-pathy

disease condition

20

-penia

deficiency

21

-phasia

speech

22

-plegia

paralysis

23

-pnea

breathing

24

-ptysis

spitting

25

-rrhage, -rrhagia

excess flow

26

-rrhea

discharge, flow

27

-scope

instrument to view/examine

28

-stasis, -stat

control, stop, place, stand

29

-stomy

opening

30

-tomy

incision

31

-uria

urine condition

32

a-, an-

no, not , w/o

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ab-

away from

34

ad-

towards, near

35

ana-

up, apart

36

ante

before, forward

37

anti

against

38

bi

two

39

brady

slow

40

con

with, together

41

dia

complete, thorough

42

dys

bad, painful, difficult

43

ec

outside

44

endo

within, inner

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epi

above, upon

46

ex

out

47

extra

outside of

48

hemi

half

49

hyper

excessive

50

hypo

deficient

51

in

in, into

52

inter

between

53

intra

within

54

mal

bad

55

meta

beyond, change

56

neo

new

57

para

beside, near

58

peri

surrounding

59

poly

many, much

60

post

after, behind

61

pre

before

62

pro, pros

before, forward

63

re

back, behind

64

retro

back, behind

65

sub

under

66

syn

with, together

67

tachy

fast

68

trans

across, through

69

tri

three

70

uni

one, single

71

anterior/ventral

front of the body

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posterior/dorsal

back of the body

73

lateral

to the side, relative to the middle

74

medial

middle

75

distal

positionally further away

76

proximal

positionally closer

77

superior

orients in reference to the vertical axis of the body, vertically higher

78

inferior

orients in reference to the vertical axis of the body, things that are lower vertically

79

flexion

bending movement around a joint in a limb (knee/elbow) that decreases the angle between the bones of the limb at the joint

80

extension

opposite of flexion, increases angle around the joint

81

auscultation

listening to sounds produced by the body w/ a stethoscope

82

palpation

physical touch to assess: texture, temp, moisture, organ location and size, swelling, vibration/pulsation, rigidity/spasticity, crepitation, presence of lumps/masses, tenderness, pain

83

inspection

close, careful scrutiny of the person as a whole, followed by scrutiny of each body system

84

somnolence

not fully alert, drifts off to sleep when not stimulated
Can be aroused but thinking seems slow, loses train of thought

85

obtunded

difficult to arouse, confused when aroused, speech may be mumbled/incoherent
requires constant stimulation for cooperation

86

stupor

unconscious w/ some responses to pain/vigorous shaking, groans and mumbles, reflex response, reflex activity maintained

87

comatose

completely unconscious, doesn't respond to pain or any stimulation
deep coma has no reflex response
light coma has maintained some reflex response

88

delirium

state of dulled cognition, impaired alertness, inattentive, unable to have coherent conversation, impaired memory, may be easily agitated

89

iatrogenic

an adverse event caused by medical/surgical treatment

90

nosocomial

originating in a hospital