Medical Terminology 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology 2 Deck (70):
1

arthro

joint

2

bio

life

3

carcino

cancer

4

cardio

heart

5

cephalo

head

6

cerebro

cerebrum (largest part of the brain)

7

cutaneo

skin

8

cysto

urinary bladder

9

cyto

cell

10

derm, dermato

skin

11

electro

electricity

12

encephalo

brain

13

entero

intestines (usually small)

14

erythro

red

15

gastro

stomach

16

glyco

sugar

17

gyneco

woman/female

18

hemo/hemato

blood

19

leuko

white

20

hepato

liver

21

nephro

kidney

22

neuro

nerve

23

onco

tumor

24

opthalmo

eye

25

osteo

bone

26

patho

disease

27

psycho

mind

28

rhino

nose

29

sacro

sacrum

30

septo

infection

31

spondylo

backbone/vertebra

32

thoraco

chest

33

thrombo

clot

34

tricho

hair

35

onycho

nail

36

melano

black

37

auro

ear

38

tympano

eardrum

39

retino

retina

40

pyelo

renal pelvis (collecting basin of the kidney)

41

atrophy

wasting/decrease in size

42

in situ

confined to the site of origin (cancer in situ hasn't metastasized)

43

gravida

pregnancy

44

apex

the end of an organ

45

fistula

abnormal passageway from an internal organ to the body surface or organs

46

lumen

inner open space of a tubular organ

47

malignant

tends to become progressively worse

48

visceral

pertaining to internal organs

49

occult

hidden, typically describes blood

50

syncope

fainting, sudden and temporary loss of consciousness

51

prognosis

prediction of an outcome of a diagnosis

52

defervesce

reduction/resolution of a fever

53

biopsy

removal of tissue for microscopic examination

54

patent

refers to something that is open and not obstructed

55

Dx

diagnosis

56

DNR

do not resuscitate

57

IO

intraosseous infusion
injecting directly into bone marrow to provide a non-collapsible point of entry to the vasculature

58

FUO

fever of unknown origin

59

MRI/MRA

magnetic resonance imaging/magnetic resonance angiography

60

ELISA

enzyme linked immunosorbent assay

61

ART

antiretroviral therapy

62

APGAR

appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, respiration
test given to newborns immediately after birth for assessment. Scale 0-10; 10 is perfect, 0-3: requires resuscitation

63

GCS

Glasgow Coma Score
Scale to assess level of consciousness. Ranges from 3-15; 15 = most conscious w/ least neurologic injury

64

CPAP

continuous positive airway pressure
for sleep apnea

65

PICC

peripherally-inserted central catheter

66

SLE

systemic lupus erythematosus

67

ROM

range of motion

68

UA

urinalysis

69

TB

tuberculosis

70

S/P

status post (after