Flashcards in Medical Terminology 3 (M-Z) Deck (116):
Lower Jaw Bone.
Upper jaw bone.
Amniotic fluid that is greenish/brownish rather than clear as a result of fetal defecation. Indication of distress.
Toward the midline.
Physician who assumes responsibility for patient care of the EMS system.
A line from the middle of the arm pit to the ankle.
Line through the center of each clavicle.
Line down the center of the body, dividing it into right/left halves.
Amount of air breathed in during each respiration multiplied by number of breaths per minute.
A blotchy appearance - Sometimes occurs in patients who are in shock.
Multiple casualty incident (MCI)
Emergency involving multiple patients.
Bones, joints and muscles.
Something that should have been done was not or was done incorrectly.
Brain, spinal cord and nerves.
Coordinates body's response.
Drug that helps dialate the coronary vessels that supply the heart muscle with blood.
- Used in chest pain patients.
- Should not be given in patients with BP under 100 systolic.
Blockage of an artery by fatty deposits.
Dressing that forms an air tight seal.
Off-line medical direction.
Standing orders issued by medical director that allow EMTs to do things without speaking to him.
On-line Medical Direction
Orders given by on duty physician to an EMT over phone or radio.
Glucose (sugar) given by mouth to the awake patient with an altered mental status and history of diabetes.
Bony structure around the eyes (eye socket)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
o2 used as a drug to the hypoxic patient.
Gland located behind the stomach that produces insulin that assist in digestion of food. (regulates blood sugar level)
Alpha cells secrete hormone glucagon in response to low blood sugar levels, glycogen is broken down to glucose.
Beta cells secrete insulin - in response to high glucose levels.
When flail segment and rest of chest move in opposite directions.
Partial thickness burn
2nd degree, involving dermis.
reddening and blistering
Organisms that cause infection (viruses/bacteria)
Can be blood borne or airborne.
Injury caused by an object that passes through the skin/body.
Supply of oxygen to, removal of waste from, the body's cells and tissues as a result of blood flow.
Organ of pregnancy where exchange of oxygen, nutrients and waste occurs between mother and fetus.
Placenta is formed in an abnormal location that will not allow for a normal delivery.
An infection of one or both lungs caused by bacteria, viruses an fungi.
Air in the chest cavity.
Back of the body or body part.
Complication of pregnancy - women retains large amounts of fluid and has hypertension (High BP)
3-5 years of age
Vitals: HR = 80-120/min
Respirations = 20-30/min
Systolic BP = 80-110
Dressing applied tightly to control bleeding.
Persistent erection of the penis that may result from a spinal injury and some medical problems.
To discover and treat life threatening problems. 6 parts of primary are:
-Determine priority of patient
Prolapsed Umbilical Cord
Umbilical cord presents first and its squeezed between the vaginal wall and baby's head.
Lying face down.
List of steps for assessment and interventions to be performed.
Closer to the torso.
Vessels that carry deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs.
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the alveoli of the lungs.
A dangerous condition were a blood clot, air or fat tries to go through these blood vessels but gets stuck and blocks an artery in the lungs.
Regular or irregular and strong and weak.
Open wound that tears through skin and destroys underlying tissue.
Artery of the lower arm.
Lateral bone of forearm.
Procedure for detecting changes in a patients condition.
Lying on the side, also called lateral recumbent.
Loss of kidneys ability to filter there blood and remove toxins and excess fluid.
Respiratory Distress, Failure and Arrest
Distress: Increased work of breathing.
Failure: Reduction of breathing to the point were o2 intake is not sufficient to support life.
Arrest: Breathing stops.
Normal or abnormal and shallow - labored - noisy
-Obtains oxygen and removes carbon dioxide from the body.
Rule of nines
Estimates burn percentage.
Rule of palm
Method estimating extent of burns.
Ryan white care act
establishes procedures by which emergency response workers may find out if they have been exposed to life threatening infectious diseases.
Vitals: HR = 70-110/min
Respirations = 20-30/min
Systolic BP = 80-120
Scope of practice
Defines the scope or extent and limits of the EMTs job.
*What you can do.
Sudden change in sensation / behavior or movement.
Caused by brains electrical activity.
Signs and symptom
Sign is objective - something you see, hear, feel or smell.
Symptom is subjective - You cannot observe but the patient feels or tells you about.
Signs of shock
Altered mental status
pale, cool, clammy
Vital sign changes
When a lung collapses without injury or any other obvious cause.
Stages of death
Denial - Not Me
Anger - Why Me
Bargaining - Okay, but first...
Depression - Okay, But I haven't...
Acceptance - Okay
Stages of stress
stage of resistance
Standard of care
Care that is expected to be provided by an EMT.
-How you should do it.
Form of infection control - BSI
Authorizes EMT to perform particular skills in curtain situations.
-Without speaking to med director.
Prolonged seizure or situation when person suffers two or more seizures without regaining full consciousness.
High pitched sound from partially obstructed airflow in the upper airway.
Permanent surgical opening in the neck through when the patient breaths.
Amount of blood ejected from the heart in one contraction.
Average = 60ml per contraction.
Sucking chest wound
Open chest wound which air is sucked into chest cavity.
1 degree burn, only involving epidermis.
-Reddening, sometimes swelling.
Toward the head.
Lying flat on back.
Air that enters the chest cavity is prevented from escaping.
Medial and larger bone of the lower leg.
Volume of air moved in one cycle of breathing.
1yr-36 months (3yrs)
Vitals: HR 80-130/min
Systolic BP = 70-100
Surgical incision held open by a metal or plastic tube.
Infection that mostly settles in the lungs.
Can be fatal
Medial bone of forearm.
also called a bulky dressing
Used for profuse bleeding or if wound is large - also good for stabilizing objects.
Any blood vessel returning blood to the heart.
Bleeding from a vein - dark red or maroon blood usually steady easy to control flow.
Lower chambers of the heart
right-oxygen poor blood to lungs
left-oxygen rich blood to body.
33 bones of the spinal column.
Cervical - 7
Thoracic - 12
Lumbar - 5
Sacral - 5
Coccyx - 4
AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome)
HIV (Human immunodeficiency Virus)
AIDS = set of conditions that result when the immune system is attacked by HIV and unable to combat certain infections.
4 primary diseases of concern:
Ventricular Fibrillation & Ventricular Tachycardia
Hearts electrical impulses are disorganized preventing the heart muscle from contracting normally.
Heartbeat is rapid - to rapid can cause chambers not to fill enough.
Tendons vs ligaments
Muscle to bone
Bone to bone
Pulmonary Edema and Pedal Edema
Fluid in the lungs
Fluid in the feet/ankles.
Bradycardia and Tachycardia
Slow heart rate - usually below 60 beats per minute
Fast heart rate - usually above 100 beats per minute
-Broken in several places.
-Segments fractured at an angle of each other.
Embryo & Fetus
The baby from fertilization to 8 weeks of development.
Baby from 8 weeks to birth.
Breech Presesntation + Limb Presentation
When the baby's buttocks or both legs appear first during birth.
When an infants limb protrudes first.
Infection causing inflammation of the liver.
-Acquired through contact with blood or other body fluids.
-Can live for many days in dried blood.
-Can be very deadly.
Auscultation & Palpation
Auscultation = Listening
Palpation = Touching or feeling
Libel VS Slander
Libel - Written
Slander - Verbal
Peripheral Pulses & Central Pulses
Peripheral - Radial, brachial, posterior tibial and dorsalis pedis.
Central Pulse - Carotid and femoral
Pediatric vs Geriatric
Pertaining to patient who has yet to reach puberty.
Older patients typically 65 or older
systolic bp + diastolic bp
Systolic = pressure created in the arteries when left ventricle contracts and forces blood out into circulation.
Diastolic = Pressure in the arteries when the left ventricle is refilling.
Emergency - Moves without spinal precautions such as situations with fire, explosives, hazmat and electrical.
Urgent - Performed with spinal precautions in cases dealing with heat/cold or difficulty breathing, also a rapid extrication procedure.
Non-Urgent - No immediate threat to life.
Visceral Pain - Poorly localized, dull pain
Parietal Pain - Localized, intense pain
Tearing Pain - Sharp pain, feelings of tearing
Referred Pain - Felt in location other than were it originated.
Ingested - Swallowed
Inhaled - Breathing in
Absorbed - Through skin
Injected - By needle or teeth
Uppers & Downers
Stimulants such as amphetamines that excite the user.
Depressants - used for a more relaxed state of mind.