Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride) Deck (12):
1

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Class:

Crystalloid.

2

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Mechanism of Action:

Temporarily expands the vascular volume by replacing water and electrolytes.

3

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Indications:

Hypovolemia, heat exhaustion and stroke.

4

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Contraindications:

Heart failure (CHF), extreme hypertension.

5

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Precautions:

Carefully monitored if giving large amounts. Monitor lung sounds. Cariogenic shock+ be very careful.

6

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Side Effects:

Large volumes can result in hemodilution, electrolyte imbalances and pulmonary/peripheral edema.

7

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Interactions:

None.

8

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Dosage:

Depends on patients needs. 10-20 ml/kg in 250ml boluses.

9

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Routes:

IV Infusion.

10

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Notes:

For every liter given, 25% remains in the intravascular and intracellular space.

11

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
NH Notes:

Septic patients= Up to 4 liters.
Anaphylaxis patients= Up to 2 liters.

12

Normal Saline (0.9% sodium chloride)
Fact:

WARM saline should be fluid of choice.