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The Fountains Med Passing > Medications > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medications Deck (27)
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1
Q

Meds are commonly taken to

A
Promote health
Eliminate an illness 
Control a disease 
Reduce Symptoms of an illness 
Alter or change a behavior
2
Q

Desired effect

A

The med is working as intended; produces desired or therapeutic result

3
Q

No apparent desired effect

A

Med is not working as intended; resident is still experiencing the problem

4
Q

Unwanted effect

A

Side effects or adverse reactions

5
Q

Common side effects to look for

A
Rashes
Vomiting
Fainting
Confusion
Lightheadedness 
Mental status changes 
Urinary incontinence 
Dry mouth
6
Q

More common side effects

A
Diarrhea
Nausea
Blurred vision
Lethargy
Agitation
Constipation
7
Q

Drug interactions can cause these symptoms

A
Nausea 
Drowsiness
Listing (leaning)
Vomiting 
Blurred vision
Dizziness
Confusion
8
Q

Anticoagulants

A

Blood thinners that can cause gums to bleed (soft Brussel toothbrush) or unexplained bruising (contact nurse)

9
Q

Inhalants or puffers

A

Control symptoms of asthma

Relieve symptoms of lung disease

10
Q

Nose/ eye drops

A

Ask resident to lie down or sit up

11
Q

Abnormal symptoms after otic meds

A

Sharp pain in ear
Burning sensation in ear
Ringing or buzzing sounds in ear

12
Q

Eye drops

A

Form a pouch in the lower eyelid with index finger, don’t put cap down to prevent contamination, have Kleenex to wipe their eye

13
Q

To prevent eye drops from dripping

A

Put pressure on medial side with eyes closed. Also keeps meds in longer

14
Q

What to do when an error occurs

A

Stop what you’re doing and tell the nurse; file an incident report

15
Q

If a resident refuses

A

Find out why
Explain importance/ encourage
Three attempts
Document in MAR

16
Q

Dropped/ contaminated

A

If resident doesn’t want, give to nurse to discard

Sign balance sheet and note the wasted med

17
Q

Giving the right meds

A

Compare the label to MAR three times

18
Q

The six R’s

A
Right resident
Right drug
Right dosage
Right time
Right route 
Right record/ documentation
19
Q

Med delivery

A
Radio nurse (9:30am)
Sign for special delivery after nurse hours
20
Q

Where should syringes and needles be placed

A

The bio-hazardous sharps container
Red box
Sharps box

21
Q

Reasons meds cannot be returned to pharmacy

A
Expired
Opened or partially used 
Contaminated 
Discontinued control medication 
Discontinued over the counter
22
Q

Medication information

A
Name of drug
Drug dosage
Form of drug
Quantity of med
Route to be taken by
Frequency of administration 
Caution warnings
23
Q

More med information

A
Number of refills 
Original date prescription was filled (and refill date)
Expiration date
Name of manufacturer
Prescription number
Drug enforcement agency (DEA) number
24
Q

Reasons a medication may be discontinued

A
No longer needs the med
No apparent effect
Unwanted side effects
No longer takes prescribed form of med
Route is ineffective 
Dosage is ineffective 
Frequency is ineffective
25
Q

Documenting a held medication in the MAR

A

Note date held by circling box with initials
Explain why on the back
Report to nurse
Record on the 24 hour sheet

26
Q

Keeping an accurate inventory

A

Two caregivers count under a double locked med cart: one coming in and one going home

Three counts in a 24 hour period

27
Q

Spill kit

A

Double bag red hazardous bags and place in bio hazardous container