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Flashcards in Medications Deck (42)
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1

Detemir

Long acting Basal insulin, 2x daily

2

Lispro/Aspart (humalog)

Rapid acting insulin

3

Lantus/Glargine

Long-lasting

4

levothyroxine

treat hypothyroidism

5

Nitroprusside

Vasodilator

6

Phentolamine

Vasodilator

7

Nicardipine

Vasodilator

8

NPH

Intermediate acting insulin

9

hydrocortisone

cortisol replacement (corticosteroid) addisonian crisis

10

desomopressin

ADH replacement drug
treats diabetes insipidus and some clotting disorders
hemophilia (sickle cell)

water intoxication --> hyponatremia --> headache, wkness, and mental stat change

11

Sulfasalazine (azulfinide)

GI and anti-inflame medication (IBD)

12

Lansoprazole (prevacid)

proton pump inhibitor (GERD)

13

Succinylcholine

Muscle relaxer for surgical procedures

14

Dantrolene

slow metabolism for malignant hyperthermia

15

furosemide

loop diuretic -- decrease systemic volume

16

Dopamine

Vasopressor for hypotension (symptomatic)

17

Tiotropium

Spirivia, anti cholinergic
long acting for COPD
relax airway, dry up secretions

18

Ketorolac

NSAID given for 5 days for pain

19

IV Mannitol

Reduce cerebral edema; osmotic diuretic

20

IM methylergonovine

causes vasoconstriction for PP hemorrhage

21

ethambutol

TB - can cause ocular toxicity

22

levofloxacin

AB
don't give with aluminum/mag supplements

23

sucralfate

GI ulcer
give 2 hours before/after other medications

24

rifampin

treats TB
dyes body fluids red/orange
hepatotoxicity (jaundice/anorexia)
use non hormonal birth control

25

methylphenidate (ritalin)

ADHD - improves attn

26

Thiazolidinediones

for diabetes - increase insulin sensitivity
not for heart failure and bladder cancer pt
cause fluid retention making heart failure worse

27

Sodium polystyrene sulfonate

used to treat mild hyperkalemia
monitor bowel function

28

saw palmetto (herbal)

helps with benign prostate hyperplasia

29

st johns wort

herbal
helps with depression
can cause HTN and serotonin syndrome when used with other antidepressants

30

black cohosh

herbal prep for perimenopausal women with hot flashes