Medications (quick onset/duration) Flashcards Preview

San Diego EMS Protocols 2019 > Medications (quick onset/duration) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medications (quick onset/duration) Deck (23)
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1

Acetaminophen

Onset = 15 minutes
Peak = 1 hour
Duration = up to 4 to 6 hours

2

Adenosine

Onset = within 30 seconds
Duration = 1-2 minutes

3

Albuterol

Onset = 5 minutes
Peak = 1 hour
Duration = up to 5 hours

4

Amiodorone

Onset = minutes
Duration = days

5

Aspirin

Onset = 15-30 minutes
Duration = days (antiplatelet effects)

6

Atropine

Onset = IV/IO 2-4 minutes, IM 10-15 minutes
Duration = 2-6 hours

7

Atrovent

Onset = 15-30 minutes
Peak = 1-2 hours
Duration = 4-5 hours

8

Calcium Chloride

Onset = 5-15 minutes
Duration = may persist 4 hours after IV/IO

9

Charcoal

Onset = immediate
Duration = 4-12 hours

10

Dextrose

Onset = 1 minute
Duration = depends on degree of hypoglycemia

11

Diphenhydramine

Onset = 15-30 minutes
Duration = 6-12 hours

12

Dopamine Hydrochloride

Onset = <5 minutes
Duration = approximately 10 minutes after drip is stopped

13

Epinephrine

Onset = IV/IO 1-2 minutes, IM 5-10 minutes
Duration IV/IO 5-10 minutes, IM 1-4 hours

14

Fentanyl Citrate

Onset = <1-2 minutes
Duration = 30-60 minutes

15

Glucagon

Onset = 20 minutes
Duration = 60-90 minutes

16

Ketamine

Onset = IV 30 seconds, IN 2 minutes
Duration = 15-30 minutes

17

Lidocaine

Onset = 1-2 minutes
Duration = 10-20 minutes

18

Midazolam

Onset = IV/IO/IN 2 minutes, IM 15 minutes
Duration = 1-4 hours

19

Morphine Sulfate

Onset = 1-2 minutes
Duration = 2-7 hours

20

Naloxone

Onset = IV/IN 1-2 minutes, IM 2-5 minutes
Duration = IV 30-60 minutes, IM longer

21

Nitroglycerin

Onset = SL 2 minutes, Topical 30-60 minutes
Duration = SL 30-60 minutes, Topical 24 hours

22

Ondansetron

Onset = IV/IM/ODT up to 30 minutes
Duration = IV/IM/ODT 2 hours

23

Sodium Bicarbonate

Onset = 2-10 minutes
Duration = 30-60 minutes