Medications Quiz: Spring 2015 Everything Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medications Quiz: Spring 2015 Everything Deck (166):
1

Duragesic (fentanyl) is

Analgesics/ opioid

1


Unique side Effects for skeletal muscle relaxants (1)

 

Sedation: (fatigue)

1

Adrencorticosteroids: Indications (2)

severe inflammation or allergic reactions. Used in treatment of inflammatory (localized bursitis and tenosynovitis) and immunologic disorders (such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus) as well as in treatment of disorders of adrenal dysfunction.

1

Amoxicillin is

Antibacterial agents

1

Mobic is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

1

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs): common brands not prescription (7)

~Advil/Motrin ~Nuprin (ibuprofen) ~Aleve/Naprosyn (naproxen) ~Celebrex (COX-2 Inhibitor) ~Bufferin ~Bayer ~Excedrin (aspirin/acetylsalicylic acid)

1

Antibacterial agents: special consideration for rehab

Cephalasporins believed to have contributed to rise in antibiotic-resistant infections. Watch for hypersensitivity reactions (itching, rashes, wheezing). Antibiotic resistance may develop w/prolonged use, inhibiting healing). Patients on Vancomycin or Zyvox may have MRSA – Bloodborne pathogen precautions apply.

1

Lotensin (Benazepril) is

Antihypertensive

1

what med is for HIV?

 

 

1. Norvir
2. Retrovir

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

1

Adefovir (HepB) is

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals

2

Retrovir is

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals for HIV

3

Vancomycin (glycopeptides) is

Antibacterial agents

4

Zoloft (Sertaline) is

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

4

An opioid is a(n)

analgesics

4

Tramadol/Ultram is

Analgesics/ opioid

4

Antibacterial agents: common brands (12)

~Amoxicillin ~Cefazolin (Ancef) ~(penacillins) ~Keflex (cephalosporin) ~Neomycin ~Gentamicin ~Streptomycin (aminoglycosides) ~Zithromax (macrolide) ~Cipro ~Levaquin (quinolones) ~Vancomycin (glycopeptides) ~Zyvox (oxazolidonone)

5

Versed (Midazolam) is a

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines

5

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs) are (act)

act as non-selective inhibitors of prostaglandins, the messengers in inflammatory responses

7

Voltaren is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

8

Ativan is a

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines

9

Lodine is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

9

Antihypertensive: special considerations for rehab

systemic heat or whirlpool may cause excessive vasodilation; exercise tolerance may be impaired; postural changes may cause orthostatic hypotension

10

what med is for HepB?

 

 

Adefovir

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

10

Specific condition(s) given as examples for antivirals/anti-retrovirals: (5)

(list what med is used for each if you want)

 

  1. Herpes/Shingles
    • Acyclovir
  2. HepB
    • Adefovir
  3. HIV
    • Norvir
    • Retrovir
  4. Flu
    1. Tamaflu
  5. Mono
    1. Valomaciclovir

11

Antibacterial agents: indications

bacterial infections (existence or likelihood)

13

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs): adverse reaction (3)

GI bleeding (from decrease in production of prostaglandins) – with the exception of Celebrex, kidney damage (from reduced blood flow), elevated blood pressure (from increased retention). Can cause extreme allergic reactions in those w/asthma.

14

Antivert (meclizine) is

Antiemetics

15

Antiemetics are (act)

include anticholinerics, antihistamines, etc. Most work on receptors in the brain

16

Diovan (Valsartan) is

Antihypertensive

17

Skelaxin (metaxalone) is

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

17

Antibacterial agents: adverse reactions (5)

Multiple and variable, including: rash, diarrhea, dizziness, nausea/vomiting, headache

18

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): indications (4)

serious depression, chronic anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, insomnia

18

Aleve/Naprosyn (naproxen) is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

18

Antibacterial agents are (act)

acting by killing bacteria or by preventing bacteria from multiplying

19

Decadron (Dexamethasone) is

Adrencorticosteroids

20

Cipro is

Antibacterial agents

22

what does acyclovir treat?

 

herpes and shingles

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

24

Norvasc (amlodipine) is

Antihypertensive

25

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): special considerations for rehabilitations

may cause orthostatic hypotension and tachycardia, especially in the elderly; take 5-6 weeks to reach full potential; some reports show SSRIs increase suicidal thoughts.

25

CNS Drugs that cause any type of sedation side effects (and the details if you want):

 

Sedation

  1. Analgesics/Opioids
    • Sedation
  2. Antianxiety
    • Confusion
    • Drowsiness
    • Clumsiness 
  3. Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
    • Confusion
    • Dizziness
    • Fatigue 
  4. Antiemetics
    • Drowsiness
    • Dizziness

(antidepressants do not cause sedation - at least on our study guide)

25

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals: special consideration for rehab

monitor for adverse reactions

27

Captopril is

Antihypertensive

28

Antihypertensive: adverse reactions (9)

varied: ~changes in fluid balance ~heart rate ~myocardial contractility ~fatigue ~orthostatic hypotension ~headache ~nausea ~cough ~dizziness

29

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants: Special considerations for rehab

Drowsiness and/or dizziness may adversely affect exercise. Might advise patient to take at night to decrease adverse effects of sedation.

31

what does retrovir treat?

 

HIV

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

32

what med is for mono?

 

Valomaciclovir

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

34

Streptomycin (aminoglycosides) is

Antibacterial agents

34

Daypro is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

35

Lorcet/Lortab/Vicodin (hydrocodone plus acetaminophen) is

Analgesics/ opioid

36

what does Norvir treat?

HIV

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

37

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs): common brands, prescription (7)

~Lodine ~Toradol ~Daypro ~Mobic ~Naprosyn ~Relafe ~Voltaren

38

Advil/Motrin is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

39

Keflex (cephalosporin) is

Antibacterial agents

40

What CNS drug(s) has fatigue as a side affect?

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

41

Robaxin (Methocarbamol) is

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

42

Regian is

Antiemetics

43

Ramipril is

Antihypertensive

44

Gentamicin is

Antibacterial agents

45

Zyvox (oxazolidonone) is

Antibacterial agents

47

Isoptin (verapamil) is

Antihypertensive

48

Treatment for CHF: adverse reactions

Digoxin overdose not uncommon and toxicity can be fatal. Look for GI distress (nausea/vomiting), heart rhythm disturbances, delirium.

49

Lorazepam is a

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines

50

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines are (act how)

fast acting tranquilizers that work by slowing down the CNS (activating opioid receptors)

52

Paxil (Paroxetine) is

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

52

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are what class of drug

antidepressants

53

Cefazolin (Ancef) is

Antibacterial agents

54

Demerol (meperidine) is

Analgesics/ opioid

55

Unique side Effects for Antidepressants (3)

Anxiety

Insomnia

Weight Gain

57

Valium (Diazepam) is a

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines

58

Antiemetics: Common brands (6)

~Antivert (meclizine) ~Phenergen (promethazine) ~Benedryl ~Reglan ~Phenergan (aka promethazine - frequently utilized in connection w/surgery) ~Zofran (ondansetron)

59

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants: adverse reactions (6)

dizziness, fatigue, dry mouth, confusion. Zanaflex may also cause low blood pressure and low heart rate. Soma is addictive.

60

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants are (act)

used to treat acute pain. May work by dressing CNS or by blocking pain receptors

62

What CNS drug(s) has head ache as a side affect? (3)

 

  1. Antianxiety
  2. Antidepressants
  3. Antiemetics

63

Neomycin is

Antibacterial agents

63

Treatment for CHF: indications

impaired cardiac pumping ability due to decreased cardiac muscle function, fluid overload, or valve deterioration

65

what does Valomaciclovir treat?

 

mono

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

67

What CNS drug(s) has constipation as a side affect? (2)

Analgesics

Antiemetics

68

Analgesics/ opioid: special consideration for rehab

respiratory depression; diminished bone density w/chronic use

68

Norvir is

Antiviral/Antiretrovirals for HIV

69

Benzodiazepines are what class of drugs

antianxiety

70

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs): special considerations

provides analgesia without sedation; can be used for prolonged periods; caution patients against mixing over-the-counter NSAIDs with their usual medicines without a physician’s permission

71

Zanaflex (tizanidine) is

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

72

Analgesics/ opioid are (act)

bind receptors in CNS and PNS (as well as stomach)

74

What CNS drug(s) has sedation (named as such) as a side affect?

 

Antalgics/opioids

75

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants: indications (3)

muscle spasms, musculoskeletal pain, fibro-myalgia (Note: anti-spasticity agents not included here)

77

Relafen is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

78

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): common brands (4)

~Lexapro (Escitalopram) ~Prozac (Fluxetine) ~Paxil (Paroxetine) ~Zoloft (Sertaline)

79

Treatment for angina pectoris: common brands

Nitroglycerine, a potent vasodilator. (Beta blockers and calcium channel blockers may also be prescribed to reduce heart’s workload.)

80

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines: common brands (4)

~Lorazepam ~Ativan ~Versed (Midazolam) ~Valium (Diazepam)

82

What CNS drug(s) has nausea as a side affect? (2)

 

Antidepressants

Analgesics

83

Prozac (Fluxetine) is

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

83

Bayer is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

84

Antiemetics: adverse reactions (4)

dizziness, headache, constipation, and drowsiness

84

Antihypertensive: indications

Stage 1 Hypertension: diastolic readings consistently above 90-99 mmHg or systolic above 140-159 mmHg. (Stage 2 characterized by consistent diastolic reading > 100 mmHg or systolic > 160 mmHg.)

85

Valomaciclovir (for mononucleosis) is

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals

87

what does tamaflu treat?

 

flu

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

88


Unique side Effects for analgesics (2)

 

 

Sedation: (sedation)

Allergic Reactions

89

Tylenol 3 (codeine plus acetaminophen) is

Analgesics/ opioid

90

Nitroglycerine is

Treatment for angina pectoris

91

Treatment for CHF: special consideration for rehab

look for signs of acute CHF (dyspnea, rales, cough, frothy sputum), signs of toxicity, or unusual fatigue, weakness, or peripheral edema

92

Celebrex (COX-2 Inhibitor) is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

93

what med is for flu?

 

Tamaflu

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

94

Naprosyn is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

96

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): adverse reactions (7)

highly variable, including insomnia, dry mouth, anxiety, nausea, headaches, weight gain.

97

Solu-Medrol is

Adrencorticosteroids

99

What CNS drug(s) has dry mouth as a side affect? (2)

Antidepressants

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

100

Treatment for CHF: common brands/ types (4)

~beta blockers ~diuretics ~calcium channel blockers ~Digoxin (from foxglove plant) - stimulates forceful heart muscle contraction.

101

Lasix (furosemide) is

Antihypertensive

102

Adrencorticosteroids: adverse reaction (8)

~suppression of adrenal glands ~increased fat deposition in shoulders, face and abdomen (ergo weight gain) ~hypertension ~increased body hair ~glucose intolerance (diabetes) ~osteoporosis ~breakdown of collagen in bones ligaments, tendons, and skin (due to increased excretion of calcium) ~increased susceptibility to infection (because of depressed inflammatory response)

104

Adrencorticosteroids: common brands (5)

Oral or topical: ~Medrol (dosepak) ~Hydrocortisone (Cortisol) ~Prednisone ~Solu-Medrol (Methylprednisolone) ~Decadron (Dexamethasone)

105

what does adefovir treat?

 

HepB

(antiviral/antiretroviral)

107

Avapro (Irbesartan) is

Antihypertensive

108

Bufferin is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

109

Analgesics/ opioid: adverse reaction (4)

sedation, constipation, nausea/vomiting, allergic reactions

110

Tamiflu (for flu) is

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals for Flu

111

What CNS drug(s) has dizziness as a side affect?

 

  1. Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
  2. Antiemetics

112

What med is for shingles and herpes?

 

 

Acyclovir (an antiviral/antiretroviral)

113

Hydrocortisone (Cortisol) is

Adrencorticosteroids

114

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals: indications (6)

herpes virus, chicken pox, shingles, cytomegalovirus (CMV), influenza, HIV (a retrovirus).

116

Phenergan (aka promethazine) is

Antiemetics

117

What CNS drug(s) has confusion as a side affect?

 

 

 

  1. Antianxiety
  2. Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

118

Toradol is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

119

Adrencorticosteroids are (act)

combine with steroid receptors in cytoplasm

121

Oxycontin (oxycodone) is

Analgesics/ opioid

122

Prednisone is

Adrencorticosteroids

123

Percocet (Oxycodone plus acetaminophen) is

Analgesics/ opioid

124

Treatment for angina pectoris: adverse reactions (5)

uneven heart rate, blurred vision, headache, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension

125

Procardia (nifedipine) is

Antihypertensive

126

Acyclovir (for herpes and shingles) is

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals

127

Excedrin (aspirin/acetylsalicylic acid) is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

129

Benicar (Olmesartan) is

Antihypertensive

130

Antihypertensive are (act)

reduce blood pressure by reducing blood volume (acting as diuretic), reducing arterial pressure (acting as vasodilators, typically ACE inhibitors or calcium channel blockers).

132

What CNS drug(s) has drowsiness as a side affect?

 

  1. Antianxiety
  2. Antiemetics

133

Digoxin is

Treatment for CHF:

135

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines: special considerations for rehab

Peak at 2-4 hours post administration; will calm down patient but may also cause sedation

136

What CNS drug(s) has clumsiness as a side affect?

Antianxiety

137

Adrencorticosteroids: special considerations

Musculoskeletal structures can be fragile; skin is thin and easily damaged; monitor blood pressure during exercise; protect against infection.

138

Antiemetics: Indication

nausea and vomiting (frequently administered post surgery or chemo), vertigo.

139

Dilaudid (hydromorphone) is

Analgesics/ opioid

140

Medrol (dosepak) is

Adrencorticosteroids

141

Nuprin is

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs)

142

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants: common brands (5)

~Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine) ~Skelaxin (metaxalone) ~Zanaflex (tizanidine) ~Robaxin (Methocarbamol) ~Soma (carisoprodol)

143

Lexapro (Escitalopram) is

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

144

Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine) is

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

145

Zithromax (macrolide) is

Antibacterial agents

146

Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug (NSAIDs): indications (3)

pain, inflammation, fever

147

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines: indications (6)

general anxiety, panic disorder, post-traumatic stress syndrome, prevention of seizures, insomnia, or to relieve symptoms of alcohol withdrawal

148

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals: common brands (6)

~Tamiflu (for flu), ~Acyclovir (for herpes and shingles) ~Retrovir (for HIV) ~Norvir (for HIV) ~Adefovir (HepB) ~Valomaciclovir (for mononucleosis)

149

Treatment for angina pectoris: special consideration for rehab

patients with stable angina (angina brought on by physical exertion) should have nitroglycerin on hand during therapy sessions; monitor for pain, fatigue, or changes in vital signs

150

Zofran (ondansetron) is

Antiemetics

151

Antidepressants/ Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are (act how)

work by elevating serotonin levels in the brain

152

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals are (act)

work by inactivating the enzymes needed for viral replication

153

 

Unique Side Effects for Antianxiety (5)

  1. Sedation: (Clumsiness)
  2. Memory Loss
  3. Blurred Vision
  4. Depression
  5. Addiction

154

Phenergen (promethazine) is

Antiemetics

155

Levaquin (quinolones) is

Antibacterial agents

156

Antiviral/ Antiretrovirals: adverse reactions (4)

nausea, diarrhea, rash, decreased renal function. Some meds will lower white blood cell count. Many of these meds will interact w/other drugs.

157

Analgesics/ opioid: indications (1)

relief from sever pain

158

Antihypertensive: common brands (10)

~Diovan (Valsartan) ~Benicar (Olmesartan) ~Lotensin (Benazepril) ~Avapro (Irbesartan) ~Norvasc (amlodipine) ~Procardia (nifedipine) ~Isoptin (verapamil) ~Lasix (furosemide) ~Captopril ~Ramipril

159

Benedryl is

Antiemetics

160

CNS agents (5)

~antianxiety drugs ~antidepressant drugs ~skeletal muscle relaxants ~analgesics ~antiemetics

161

Antianxiety/ Benzodiazepines: adverse reactions (8)

drowsiness, confusion, headache, clumsiness (from slowed reflexes), memory loss, blurred vision, depression, addiction. (Can infrequently increase anxiety, cause hostility, produce hallucinations.)

162

penacillins are

Antibacterial agents

163

Analgesics/ opioid: common brands (9)

~Duragesic (fentanyl) ~Dilaudid (hydromorphone) ~Demerol (meperidine) ~Oxycontin (oxycodone) ~Tylenol 3 (codeine plus acetaminophen) ~Lorcet/Lortab/Vicodin (hydrocodone plus acetaminophen) ~Percocet (Oxycodone plus acetaminophen) ~Morphine ~Tramadol/Ultram

164

Soma (carisoprodol) is

Skeletal Muscle Relaxants

165

Treatment for angina pectoris: Indications

acute or chronic angina pectoris

166

Morphine is

Analgesics/ opioid