Flashcards in Medicine in 18th and 19th Century Britain Deck (83)
What did Van Leeuwenhoek discover in the 1600s?
Tiny creatures called 'animalcules'
What did people think about Van Leeuwenhoek's discovery?
Nobody thought these could cause disease
Who was Louis Pasteur?
A french scientist
Louis Pasteur's theory was called the '____ Theory'
What did Louis Pasteur find out?
Found out that if he heated liquids it would kill germs
What kind of liquids did Louis Pasteur heat?
Alcoholic drinks and milk
What did Louis Pasteur's process of heating liquids become known as?
What did Louis Pasteur prove about silkworms?
They were killed by a disease spread by germs in the air
True/False: 'Germ Theory' was not very important
False, it was the biggest turning-point in the history of understanding the causes of disease
Was everyone's attitude towards Louis Pasteur's 'Germ Theory' positive?
No, some people thought it was crazy
What was Robert Koch inspired by?
Pasteur's 'Germ Theory'
What did Koch discover?
Bacteria that caused specific diseases such as anthrax, tuberculosis (TB) and cholera
True/False: Koch's discoveries prompted Pasteur to retire
False, they prompted Pasteur to do more experiments
What did Louis Pasteur discover vaccines for after Koch's discovery?
Chicken cholera and rabies
What did Koch and Pasteur's discoveries lead to?
Other scientists discovering the germs that caused many diseases (typhus, tetanus, meningitis, plague)
How important were Pasteur and Koch for scientific knowledge and understanding?
They were incredibly important to scientific knowledge and understanding - the effect of their discoveries and their influence was even more significant in the 20th Century
True/False: John Hunter and Thomas Sydenham's impact on physician's training was only short term and ended before the 18th century
False, physician's training continued to improve after the Renaissance
What did aspiring physicians have to join?
A royal college
Give an example of one of the Royal Colleges
The Royal College of Surgeons
What did training physicians have to do in the 1800s?
Sit an examination to gain their medical certificate
What was the General Medical Council?
Somethin gthat was set up to register all doctors
When was the General Medical Council set up?
Give examples of the things doctors would do in their training during the 18th and 19th century
Go to university, learn anatomy, read medical books and do work experience in hospitals
True/False: Doctors' treatment for patients did not improve during the 18th and 19th century
True, it was still very similar to the treatments of the Medieval and Renaissance times
Who were 'quacks'?
Salesmen who falsely claimed their medicines could cure all sorts of illneses
What did 'quacks' sell?
'Patent medicines' and 'cure-alls'
What were 'patent medicines' and 'cure-alls' made from?
Lard, wax, soap, turpentine and spices
True/False: 'patent medicines' and 'cure-alls' had major medical benefits
False, had no medical benefit whatsoever
'patent medicines' and 'cure-alls' were very popular/unpopular