Medicine: Medication List Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medicine: Medication List Deck (48):
1

Keflex (cephalexin)

500mg
1 tab PO q12h, #28
Staph and strep; no MRSA cov'g
*Renal dosing required*

2

Augmentin (amoxicilin/clavulanate)

500/125mg
1 tab PO q12h, #28
Staph; no MRSA cov'g
Good for PCN-resistant organisms not cov'd by Keflex

3

Kefzol (cefazolin)

1g
IV pre-op for sx prophylaxis 30-60min prior to sx per SCIP protocols

4

Cipro (ciprofloxacin)

500mg
1 tab PO q12h, #28
Soft tissue Gr+ and Gr- organisms
Antipseudomonal
Commonly combined with clinda=broad spectrum for DM foot

5

Cleocin (clindamycin)

300mg
1 tab PO q6h, #56
Soft tissue Gr+ ANAEROBIC cov'g
Commonly combined w/ Cipro-->DM foot
SCIP=bacterial prophylaxis w/ sx=600mg IV

6

Bactrim DS (trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole)

160/800mg
1 tab PO q12h, #28
Soft tissue and bone infection
MRSA cov'g (however, w/ incr resistance)

7

Zyvox (linezolid)

600mg
1 tab PO q12h, #28
MRSA (good IV-->PO drug from MRSA when transitioning from hospital to outpatient w/o need for PICC line)
Also, VRE (Vanco-Resistant Enterococcus) cov'g

8

Vancomycin

1g
IV q12h
MRSA; no pseudomonal cov'g
Must be given 2h prior to incision when utilized for pre-op bacerial prophylaxis

9

Invanz (ertapenem)

1g
IV q24h
Skin infections including complicated DM foot
Broad spectrum w/ no pseudomonal or MRSA cov'g

10

Zosyn (piperacillin/tazobactam)

3.375g
IV q6h
Broad spectrum for DM foot
Pseudomonal cov'g
NO MRSA cov'g

11

Unasyn (ampicillin/sulbactam)

3g
IV q6h
Broad spectrum Gr +&- and anerobes
Skin and bone infection
No MRSA or pseudomonal cov'g

12

Motrin (ibuprofen)

800mg
1 tab PO q6h, #120
Non-selective COX inhibitor

13

Celebrex (celecoxib)

200mg
1 tab PO qd, #30
Selective COX-2 inhibitor
Contraindicated if sulfa allergy

14

Naprosyn (naproxen)

500mg
1 tab PO bid, #60
Non-selective COX inhibitor

15

Indocin (indomethacin)

50mg
1 tab PO tid, #42
Very irritating to stomach
Gout (2 week course)

16

Toradol (ketoralac)

10mg
1 tab PO q6h, #20
Not to utilize beyond 5d due to renal toxicity
Contraindicated if h/o asthma

17

Benadryl (diphenhydramine)

50mg
at onset of reaction

18

Tylenol w/ codeine (APAP/codeine)

300/30mg
1-2 tabs PO q6h, #114

19

Vicodin (hydrocodone/APAP)

5/300mg
1-2 tabs PO q6h, #40

20

Ultram (tramadol)

50mg
1 tab PO q6h prn pain, #56
Limits NE/serotonin uptake

21

Nucynta (tapentadol)

50mg
1 tab PO q8h prn pain, #40
Acute pain relief opioid that does not produce euphoria

22

Narcan (naloxone)

0.1-0.2mg
IV q3min prn
Opioid reversal

23

MS Contin ER (morphine sulfate ER)

15mg
1 tab PO q12h, #28
Also 2-10mg IV for acute/mod pain q2-6h

24

Percocet (oxycodone/APAP)

5/325mg
1-2 tabs PO q6h prn pain, #40

25

PCA-morphine sulfate

1mg/ml
PCA q10min
CAUTION: compromised renal fxn=incr in 2ry metabolites that can cause erratic and delusional behavior

26

PCA-dilaudid

0.1mg/ml
PCA q10min
No active 2ry metabolites produced

27

Versed (midazolam)

1mg
IV for pre-op sedation

28

Ambien (zolpidem)

5mg
1 tab PO qhs prn insomnia, #14
Can be given for insomnia w/ post-op pain

29

Flexeril (cyclobenzaprine)

10mg
1 tab PO tid, #40
Pain assoc w/ muscle spasm
Joint distraction, ex-fix distraction re-alignment, spasms after major tendon sx

30

Valium (diazepam)

5mg
1 tab PO tid, #40
Pain assoc w/ muscle spasm
Joint distraction, ex-fix distraction re-alignment, spasms after major tendon sx
Also used for anxiety, pre-op sedation, EtOH withdrawl S&S

31

Cymbalta (duloxetine)

60mg
1 tab PO qd, #30
Peripheral neuropathy
Contraindicated in glaucoma and psych illness

32

Neurontin (gabapentin)

300mg
Tapered dose: 300mg qd Day1, then 300mg bid Day2, then 300mg tid Day3
Incr up to max dose of 1200mg/day

33

Lyrica (pregabalin)

50mg
1 tab PO tid, #90
May incr to 100mg tid

34

Lamisil (terbinafine)

250mg
1 tab PO qd, #90
LFT should be normal prior to therapy

35

Lotrisone (clotrimazole/betamethasone)

1% cream
Apply to feet daily, #45g tube

36

Naftin

1% cream
Apply to feet daily, #15g tube

37

Loprox/Penlac (ciclopirox)

8% Solution
Apply to nails qhs and remove w/ EtOH q7days, #6.6mls

38

Clecin T (clindamycin topical)

1% gel
Apply bid between digits, #45g tube
Used for 2ry interdigital bacterial infections assoc w/ Tinea pedis

39

Medrol dose pack (methylprednisolone)

Taper dose of steroid over 6 days, from 24mg Day1 down to 4mg/day

40

Phenergan (promethazine)

25mg
1 tab PO q6h, #12
Post-op nausea
Potentiates opioid effect of narcotics=caution when used in combination

41

Zofran (ondansetron)

4mg
1 tab PO q8h prn NV, #12

42

Prilosec (omeprazole)

20mg
1 tab PO qd, #30
Gastric ulcer prophylaxis w/ NSAID use in high-risk pts

43

Lovenox (enoxaparin)

40mg
SQ qd for DVT prophylaxis w/ immobility
DVT/PE tx for inpatient=1mg/kg SQ q12h

44

Coumadin (warfarin)

5mg
1 tab PO qd, #30
Extended DVT prophylaxis

45

Heparin

5000 units
SQ q12h for DVT prophylaxis

46

What is the max dose of Tylenol (APAP) in 24h?

4g

46

What does PC stand for, in terms of prescription writing?

After Meals

47

What does AC mean, in terms of prescription writing?

Before Meals