Medieval Literature Flashcards Preview

English > Medieval Literature > Flashcards

Flashcards in Medieval Literature Deck (51)
Loading flashcards...
0

What is feudalism?

A system of government or land ownership

1

What is chivalry?

A code of conduct developed by nobles that served as an expression of feudal ideas

2

What is a medieval romance?

Adventure stories that feature Kings, knights, and damsels in distress; also tales the quests, battles, and doomed love

3

What are legends?

Traditional stories about the past; the writer is often anonymous

4

What is a pilgrimage?

A religious quest to Thomas á Becket's grave

5

Where are the Normans from?

Northern France

6

When did they invade England?

1066 A.D.

7

Where was the decisive battle fought, during such the Anglo Saxon King was killed?

Hastings

8

What was the result of losing this war?

Influx of the French language and culture

9

How many words did losing this war introduce to Old English?

10,000

10

Which version of English, with its strong French influences, is spoke at this point in history?

Old English

11

How did Thomas á Becket's fight with the English monarchy and how it result in his death?

He fought to keep the English Church free from royal control. The king absently said he wished someone would get rid of á Becket, and his guards went and killed him.

12

Where is á Becket buried, and why do pilgrims make the trip to his tomb?

Canterbury; they go to ask blessings and he's supposed to bless them

13

Through federalism, what powers did a novo have from his king?

Rule the lands they were over, judge legal cases, impose taxes, and maintain an army

14

What are the three chivalric characteristics of knights?

1. Brave
2. Virtuous Christian
3. Selfless fighting style

15

What is the connection between chivalry and legends, like King Arthur?

Chivalry gave rise to legends (stories about chivalry and such)

16

Legends of King Arthur were popular by what century?

Originated in the 6th century

Was widespread in the 11th century

17

Who wrote Morte d'Arthur and where was he when he wrote it?

Sir Thomas Malory; jail

18

What does the title Morte d'Arthur mean?

The death of Arthur

19

What are the three main elements of a legend?

1. Heroic figures and memorable deeds
2. Quests, contests, or tests
3. Patterned events (for instance, events repeated 3 times)

20

What are the 5 main elements of a medieval romance?

1. Supernatural
2. Chivalry
3. Love
4. Adventure
5. Far-off setting

21

What is the connection between Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales and religious pilgrimages?

In the Canterbury tales, the actual tales that were told are told going to and from Canterbury on a religious pilgrimage

22

What is the contest that serves as the narrative framework for The Canterbury tales?

Whosoever tells the best story, wins a party thrown in their honor

23

What are the criteria for determining the best tale?

1. Morality
2. Entertainment

24

Why dies Chaucer rank his characters by their station in society?

Because social classes were a way of life back then

25

What are the social classes?

1. Noble
2. Clergy
3. Middle
4. Lower

26

What is a noble?

A wealthy landowner

27

What is the clergy?

Church officials

28

What is the middle social class?

Learned professionals

29

What is the lower social class?

Craftsmen, storekeepers, less prestigious labor