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Flashcards in MetaLanguage Deck (229)
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1

Abbreviation

A word formed from the initial letters of a series of words that refer to an entity of concept. It is pronounced as the letters.
VCR-Video cassette recorder

2

Aboriginal English

An umbrella term used to cover the many varieties of English that aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples speak.

3

Accent

Procreation patterns that are advocated with a particular set of speakers.

4

Acronym

A word formed of the initial letters of a series of words that refer to an entity or concept. It is pronounced phonetically.
AIDS: Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.

5

Active sentence

A grammatical contrast, generally voice, in which the agent or 'appears as the subject'
Active: The dog ate the homework
Passive: The homework was eaten by the dog

6

Adjacency Pairs

Adjacent turns in spoken interaction that have a close relationship with each other
'Hello' and 'how are you'

7

Adjective

A part of speech that refers to qualities or states.
Green: the green bed
Article: the, Adjective: green, Noun: bed

8

Adjective phrase

A phrase that is constructed around an adjective.
Very happy, (very)
Really bright, (really)

9

Adverb

A part of speech that refers to the manner, place, time, frequency, or degree in which an event occurs.
Slowly,
Often,
Can be used to modify adjectives:
My hair is very long (adverb: very) (adjective: long)

10

Adverb phrase

A phrase that is constructed around an adverb.
So quickly, (quickly)
Very often, (both)

11

Adverbial

The name of the function of an element in a clause that carries information about manner, place, time, frequency, or degree. Adverb phrases, prepositional phrases and some noun phrases can function as adverbials.
That was truly my favourite meal (truly)

12

Affix

A bound morpheme that is added to the root to form a new word.

13

Affixation

Th process of combining a root and an affix.
Root: truth +ful=truthful +ly=truthfully

14

Affricate

A sound produced by initially blocking the oral cavity completely, then releasing the blockage only partially so that a fricative quality is heard.
Ch-cheese-tʃ
J-joke-dʒ

15

Agentless passive

A passive sentence in which not only the patient or 'undergoer' appears as the subject instead of the agent or 'doer', but the agent has also been omitted.
Uranium was discovered in 1789, by Marie Curie
|
\/
Uranium was discovered in 1789

16

Alliteration

A type of sound pattern that involves the use of identical consonants or consonant clusters at the beginning of a word.

17

Alveolar

A sound made by using the tip or blade of the tongue and the alveolar ridge.
/t/, /d/, /s/, /z/, and /n/

18

Alveolar ridge

The roughly textured ridge the runs around the top jaw behind the teeth. This area is used when producing alveolar sounds.

19

Anaphora

A feature of grammatical structure in which a lexical term such as a pronoun refers back to something already expressed.

20

Anaphoric reference

Refers to a relationship between a pronoun and its referent.

21

Animation

A type of metaphor that involves the transfer of animate qualities rather than strictly human qualities to things, concepts, animals, and natural phenomena. Juxtaposing with personification.

22

Antithesis

A type of syntactic patterning that involves the setting of one lexical expression or clause against another to which it is opposed. It is a particular form of parallelism as it expresses a semantic relationship of antonymy between elements in a sentence.

23

Antonymy

Refers to the sense relation between words that are opposites or near opposites of each other.

24

Approximant

A consonant produced by two speech organs being brought very close to each other, but not so close as to produce turbulence. AKA semi-vowel

25

Article

The English articles are: an, a, and the and they belong to the determiner part of speech. They are used to indicate weather a noun is definite or indefinite.

26

Articulation

Refers to the way in which sounds are produced.

27

Aspect

A grammatical category associated with verbs. Aspect encodes the duration of completeness of an event with respect to a certain point in time.

28

Assimilation

A phonological process in which a sound is changed to become more similar to a neighbouring sound (typically its place or manner of articulation). This process makes sequences of sounds easier to produce.

29

Assonance

A type of sound pattern that involves the use of identical vowel sound with in words.
Note it says sounds not letters

30

Audience

The person or people that the speaker/writer/signer is addressing. The audience may also include unintended addressees as is the case when people eavesdrop on a conversation.