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Flashcards in Micellaneous stuff i forget Deck (32)
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1
Q

Anterior Fontanelle (allows for deformation of the head during childbirth)

A

Bregma

2
Q

Sternocleidomastoid

A
  • innervated by accessory nerve

- rotates head and neck.

3
Q

Atlanto-occipital joint

A
  • Synovial joint
  • Articulation between C1 and occipital bone
  • Up and down movement
4
Q

Atlanto-axial joint

A
  • Synovial joint
  • Cruciate ligaments hold together
  • Side to side movement of head.
5
Q

Vertebral Canal

A
  • space which Spinal cord passed through vertebral column
6
Q

Foramen Transverarium

A

for vertebral arteries and veins

7
Q

Annulus fibrosis

A
  • Tough fibrocartilaginous rim

- Limits vertebral roatation

8
Q

Nucleus pulposus

A

collagen fibres suspended in mucoprotein gel

- Absorbs compressive forces.

9
Q

Kyphosis (dorsal convex)

A

primary curvature as present in the embryo

10
Q

Lordosis (dorsal concave)

A
  • secondary curvature (think sticking arse out)
11
Q

Ligaments of the elbow

A
  • Radial and ulna collateral ligaments

- Annular ligament between ulna and radius

12
Q

Cubital fossa

A
  • lateral border= brachioradialis
  • medial border= pronator teres
  • superior border= imaginery lines between epicondyles
13
Q

Contents of cubital Fossa

- Really Need Beer To Be At My Nicest

A
  • Radial nerve
    Biceps tendon
    Brachial artery
    Median nerve
14
Q

Posterior forearm muscles

A

SUPERFICIAL

  • Extensor digiti minimi
  • Anconeus
  • Brioradials

Deep
- Extensor incidis

15
Q

Vascular blood supply

A
  • Aorta
  • Brachiocephallic
  • Left subclavian
    Axillary
    Brachial
    Ulnar and radial
16
Q

Collagen synthesis

A
  • three hydroxylated and glycosylated propetides form triple helical procollagen
  • leaves cell membrane
  • Cleavage of N and C terminal propeptides
  • Cross linking between collagen fibrils formas a collagen fibre
  • Stabilised with pyridinium cross links
17
Q

Role of Sex hormones in bones

A
  • Increases osteoblast activity and synthesis of bone
18
Q

Which type of cartilage lacks a perichondrium?

A

Fibrocartilage- prominently cartilage type 1

19
Q

Vitamin a

A

osteoblast stimulation

20
Q

Function of IGF

A
  • secreted by liver and bones

- stimulates osteoblasts and increases bone protein synthesis.

21
Q

Function of Ihh

A

essential for columnar chondrocyte differentiation in growth plate

22
Q

Function of PTHrP

A

reinforces chrondrocyte differentiation in bone development

23
Q

Superficial glutes

A

Gluteus maximus= extension and lateral rotation of hip

Gluteus minimus= abduction and medial rotation of hip

24
Q

Deep gluteal muscles

A

Gemellus superior/infeior
Obturator internus/externus
piriformis
Quadratus femoris

  • all laterally rotate hip
25
Q

Iliopsoas

A

Flexion of hip

-psoas minor
Iliacus

26
Q

Unhappy triad

A

MCL, ACL and PCL

27
Q

Muscles in lateral leg

A

fibularis longus and brevis

SUPERFICIAL FIBULAR NERVE

28
Q

Atypical thoracic vertebrae

A

T1= complete superior costal facet meaning the whole head of rib one articulates here

T10= only articulates with T10 and lacks inferior costal facet

T11/12= only one complete costal facet

29
Q

Anterior deep muscles forearm

A
  • Flexor digitorum porfundus
  • Flexor policius longus
  • Flexor digitorum superficialis
  • pronator quadratics
30
Q

Anterior superficial muscles

A
  • Flexor carpi ulnaris
  • Flexor carpi radial is
  • Palmaris longus
  • Pronator teres
31
Q

Posterior deep muscles of forearm

A
  • Adductor pollicius longus
  • Extensor pollicius brevis
  • Extensor policius longus
  • Extensor incidius
32
Q

Posterior superficial forearm

A
  • Extensor Carpi radialis longus and brevis
  • Extensor carpi ulnaris
  • Anconeus
  • Extensor digitorum
  • Extensor digiti minimi
  • Brachioradialis