Flashcards in MICR 200B Lab Quiz #1 Deck (21):
What reagents are added to LB medium for bacteriophage lambda cultivation?
Magnesium and maltose.
What does LB stand for in LB medium?
What type of medium is LB?
Supportive (general purpose).
What is the advantage of selective media?
They can increase the relative numbers of a particular microorganism that would otherwise be present in very low numbers compared to the total number of bacteria.
Why is the ability to generate solid media important?
It is the most effective way to isolate different microorganisms from each other.
What concentration of agar is used to solidify liquid media?
Why is agar a good solidifying agent?
- Indigestible by most microorganisms
- After melting, remains molten until ~45 °C
- After solidifying, won't melt again until ~100 °C
What concentration of agar is used to make phage overlay media?
What concentration of agar is used to make semi-solid motility media ("sloppy")?
When is filtration typically used to sterilize culture medium?
For media supplements that would be destroyed by the high heat of an autoclave.
Which destroys endospores: sterilization, disinfection, or sanitization?
An organism or virus with the most common phenotype or genotype of its species (found in nature).
Define mutant strain.
A strain of an organism or virus that manifests new or different characteristics (compared to the wild-type of its species) as a result of changes to its DNA.
Any change in the genetic information of a bacterium that makes it different from the most prevalent form, either in terms of a particular strain or a particular gene.
Define spontaneous mutation.
A mutation occurring in the absence of any outside stimulus.
Define induced mutation.
A mutation occurring as a result of a chemical or physical mutagen.
Define conditional mutation.
A mutation creating changes in proteins that are only observable as changes in phenotype under specific conditions (e.g. change in temperature or growth medium).
A biochemical mutant with a mutation in an anabolic pathway such that it can no longer synthesize a certain nutrient.
A microorganism that can synthesize the same nutrients as most members of its species and can grow on minimal media.
Define substrate utilization mutant.
A mutant that has lost the ability to catabolize a particular substrate.