Micro: Viral Infection Flashcards Preview

Derm Exam 1 > Micro: Viral Infection > Flashcards

Flashcards in Micro: Viral Infection Deck (22):
1

Virus that causes plantar warts.

HPV serotypes 1 and 4

2

Virus that causes warts on the knees and fingers

HPV serotypes 2, 3, 10

3

Virus that causes genital warts.

HPV serotypes 6, 11, 16, 18 Condyloma acuminatum: 6, 11 Cervical Dysplasia: 16, 18

4

Condition that presents with umbilicated papule lesions.

Molluscum contagiosum -Poxviridae infection

5

Associated with sheep, goats and reindeer.

Orf -caused by poxviridae -painful vesicles on fingers and hands

6

Most effective means of diagnosing measles.

Attentiveness and Alertness

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7

Characteristic finding on PE in a patient with measles.

-Koplik Spots (clusters of white lesions on buccal mucosa) -Maculopapular rash that starts on the head and moves down to the body.

8

Presentation of measles infection.

Acute respiratory illness -runny nose, fever, cough, conjunctivitis, photophobia

9

3 complications of a measles infection

1. Pneumonia 2. Encephalitis 3. Subacute Sclerosing Panencephalitis (labs will show multi-nucleated giant cells)

10

Viral Family of Measles and German measles and the way to differentiate the two.

Measles: Rubeola virus of the Paramyxoviridae family German Measles: Rubella Virus of the Togaviridae family German Measles will have posterior cervical lymphadenopathy and has milder respiratory symptoms

11

Complication of Rubella infection.

Congenital Rubella leading to infant cataract formation.

12

Disease and complication caused by Erythovirus B19.

Causes Erythema Infectiosum/5th Disease/Slapped Cheek

Complicaiton-sickle cell disease: aplastic crisis

13

Infant presents with a faint, pink rash that started right after his fever stopped.

Roseola Infantum caused by HHV-6

Virus replicates in B and T cells

14

AIDS patient presents with purple/red hemangioma lesions.

Kaposi Sarcoma caused by HHV-8

15

Patient presents with sore throat and mouth.  Vesicles found on PE in the buccal mucosa and on the tongue.

Herpangina

Coxsackie A Virus (Picornaviridae)

16

Patient presents with sore erythematous vesicles on the fingers, soles of both feet, and in the mouth.

Hand, Foot, Mouth Disease

Coxsackie A16 Virus

17

Patient presents with raised vesicle lesions all over the skin along with fever, and malaise.  The lesions appear to be synchronous.

Variola Virus (Poxviridae)

Smallpox

18

Patient presents with very painful localized vesicle on his finger.

Herpetic Whitlow

(either HSV-1 or HSV-2)

19

Patient has painful vesicles on his face.  Miscroscopic analysis of the lesions reveal

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Herpes Virus

Cowdry body Type A

Can also have multinucleated giant cells

20

Pediatric patient presents with very itchy slightly painful vesicles all over the body that are not synchronous.

Chickenpox (VZV)

21

Biggest complication of shingles

Postherpetic Neuralgia: pain from shingles continues even months after the lesions have disappeared.

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