Flashcards in Mid-term Deck (61)
recommended percentage of daily total kcals from carbohydrates?
woman should be between 225-300 grams and 300-375 grams for men
recommended percentage of daily total kcals from fats?
the average fat gram need for women(1) is 40-65 grams and 65-95 grams for men
Tolerable Upper Intake Level
dietary reference intake
Estimated Average Requirement
recommended daily allowance
glucose + fructose
glucose + glucose
found in some cereals
galactose + glucose
found in milk
Carbohydrate recommendation to encourage adequate glycogen storage in physically active males and females
4.5 g/kg per day
greatest fluid loss occurs where while dehydrated?
causes of dehydratoin
important body functions related to water
regulates body temperature, lubricates joints, carries oxygen and nutrients in blood plasma, helps dissolve minerals and make them available for the body, protects body organs and tissues, moistens tissues.
the quality or state of being fed
average stores of kcal stored in fat
Average male has 50,000 to 100,000 kcal of energy in fat
average store of glycogen in muscle and liver.
1-2 % by weight in muscle
8-10% in liver.
An electrolyte is a substance that conducts electricity when dissolved in water
why are electrolytes important?
because they regulate neural activity in the body and can lead to certain problems that can be harmful but are often not deadly unless chronic.
how do electrolytes affect fluid in the body
the water follows where the electrolytes are, more electrolytes = more water
hormones important in storage and use of carbohydrates and fats
insulin, leptin, ghrelin, glucagon
hunger inducing hormone
It works to raise the concentration of glucose and fat in the bloodstream
types of fat best to worst
Unsaturated fats, which are liquid at room temperature, are considered beneficial fats because they can improve blood cholesterol levels
Saturated fat is mainly found in animal foods increase HDL