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Flashcards in Mid Term Deck (40):
1

Criminal Law

Indicate public wrongs or crimes against the state. prohibiting actions that are harmful or destructive to society and identifies what is appropriate for the betterment of society.

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Violation of criminal law can result in

fines, imprisonment, probation, or restricted action.

3

Civil Law

Private law between two recognizable parties (corporations, government, or any other public entity) usually involving a plaintiff or defendant.

4

Plaintiff

incurred a loss.

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Defendant

caused a loss or wronged the plaintiff.

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Administrative Law

Government's authority to enforce rules, regulations, and statutes through criminal penalties, fines, seizures, or liens.

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Emergency Medical Treatment Active Labor Act EMTLA

Covers any emergency medical condition and designed to prevent unequal treatment of patients in need of emergency care.

8

Covered by EMTLA

- people must be seen by qualified personnel, be given a medical screening, stabilized, and transferred to an appropriate facility.
-must maintain transfer record for 5 years
-Pt must be seen if 250 feet of hospital

9

Ambulance Diversion definition

ambulance sent by radio or computer program to another hospital instead of closest hospital or hospital of choice

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Ambulance Diversion result

-Causes strain on EMS system, being out of service longer or increasing response times.
-Leads to gross negligence

11

Ambulance Diversion exception

When a hospital lacks resources to treat emergency patients.

12

Gross negligence.

Is a conscious and voluntary disregard of the need to use reasonable care, which is likely to cause foreseeable grave injury or harm to persons, property, or both. It is conduct that is extreme when compared with ordinary

13

Health Insurance Portability Accountability Act HIPAA

Covers Pt. Privacy, rights, business, and administrative requirements

14

HIPAA protects

Patient name
Social Security number
Condition
Address
Age
Past, present, future physical or mental health
Provisions of care

15

Qui tam suit

Lawsuit against health care providers for overbilling and fraudulent billing practices.

16

Fair Labor Standard Act of 1938 FLSA

establishes a minimum wage and protects employees from unpaid overtime. Overtime pay must be given when working over 40 hours a week, or 53 for firefighters

17

7K exemption

Provision stating law enforcement and firefighters can work over 40 hours and not get overtime pay.

18

Ethics

A set of principles or standard of conduct.

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Ethical model Utilitarian

Greatest good for the greatest number.

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Ethical model Rights

Not to violate free will.

21

Ethical model Fairness or Justice

Whether everyone is treated the same way.

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Ethical model Common good

Bound by common interests and values.

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Ethical model Virtue

Where people strive too full development of each's individual humanity.

24

Job task analysis

Approach to evaluating specific jobs. Evaluation based on duties, areas of responsibility, and job performance requirement. to reach its end performance goal of specific output, service or decision making.

25

Functional analysis

Organizations missions and identification of all subfunctions/jobs/tasks that are required for the mission to be completed.

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Adverse Impact

substantially different rate of selection in hiring, promotion, or other employment decision which works to the disadvantage of members of a race, sex, or ethnic group

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Disparate Impact

an employment decision or hiring requirement that causes substantial underrepresentation to a protected class

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4/5th or 80% rule

a selection rate for any race, sex, or ethnic group which is less than 80% of the rate for the group with the highest rate will be regarded as evidence of adverse impact

29

Progressive discipline

Progressive discipline is an employee disciplinary system that provides a graduated range of responses to employee performance or conduct problems. Goal is to improve employee performance by bringing gradual attention to their shortcomings. making sure they understand and show them how to improve.

30

Risk Management

Evaluation or comparison of risks and the development, selection, and implementation of control measures that change, reduce, or eliminate the probability or consequence of harmful actions.

31

Risk management control strategies

-Eliminate risk
-Avoid risk
-Acquire insurance
-Pool money to help an organization recover from loss associated with risk
-Transfer risk

32

Emotional Intelligence

Am emergency science that looks at controlling emotions to recognize triggers and avoid negative responses.

33

Pathogen

A biological agent that causes disease or illness in a person.

34

Pathogens enters the body in what 5 ways?

-Inhalation
-Contact with Blood or other body fluids
-Ingestion
-Fecal-oral
-An intermediate carrier of or vector(tick or mosquito) `

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Communicable disease

Is a disease that can be readily spread one person to another. can be infectious but not communicable.

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Chain of infection

Sequence of events for an infection to occur.

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Exposed definition

When in contact with a pathogen

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Infected definition

When the pathogen enters the body resulting in disease.

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DIrect transmission

When an agent that causes disease, especially a living microorganism such as bacterium or fungus is transmitted directly from an infected person to uninfected.

40

Indirect transmission

When an inanimate object serves as a temporary reservoir for the infectious agent. (tansmission from dry blood on stretcher)