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Flashcards in middle ages Deck (44)
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1

Jerome 331-420

-vulgate
(books of the bible)

2

augustine 354-430

-city of god

3

the song of roland

new genre of writing based off fuedal ideas
-charleagne assocatied

4

peter Abelard 1079-1142

--12th century reaissance
-sic et non (yes and no)
-scholasticism

5

Thomas aquinas 1225-1274

-high middle ages
-summa theologiae

6

petrarch 1304-1374

-father of renaissance humanism
-

7

johannes guten berg 1400-1470

-italian renaissance
-printing press
-copy of the bible

8

lorenzo valla 1407-1457

-debunked donation of constantine
-forgery

9

leonardo da vinci 1452-1519

-italian renaissance
-painted
-designed weapons buildings and machines(engineer)
-scientific studies on nature (anatomy, architecture, zoology,etc)
-

10

nicolo machiavelli 1475-1564

- renaissance humanism
-the prince

11

raphael 1483-1520

-painter
-italian renaissance
-

12

michaelangelo 1475-1564

-sculpture
-renaissance

13

orthodoxy

think of tree original ideas and "truth"

14

heresy

-a choice
-the wrong choice outsid the beliefs

15

arianism

godhead vs trinity
-constantine
-council of nicea voted on trinity

16

bishops

-LA=preachers and teachers
-later used as decurions and senators in early empire
-being bishop was now prestigous postition nice clothes granting titles and such

17

pope

-the bishop of rome
-pope leo and pope gelasius
-

18

asceticism

-L.A.
-monks living in churchs and never leaving whole life devoted to god

19

The carolingian renaissance

-charlamagnes efforts to reform and revive culture of his kingdom
-effort to return back to classical culture
-proper ed. and roman culture that survived
-caroline minuscule=new script based on roman scripts

20

fuedalism

centeral middle ages
vassal=owed loyalty to lord in return for fief
(land that would support a knight and his own retainers
-

21

manorlism

economic aspect of fuedalism
-for resources provided protection

22

lord and vassal: fealty

an oath of faithfulness

23

homage

hands between the lords
essentially saing I am your man

24

serfs

peasants of the manor

25

the investure contest

-C.M.
-

26

Simony

the practice of buying church offices

27

concordat of worms

-CM
-resolution to investiture problem
it agreed king could be present at election of bishops but could only invest the new bishop with any secular powers attached to the seem, making a clear disiction between the secular and spiritual authorities of a bishop

28

assarting

-agriculture
-three field field system
-caused increased population not enough room
-so sultion is ?in which expanding arable forests were cleared make more room
-

29

rise of towns

-H.M.
-Rural to urban
-

30

guilds

were artisans gots together