Flashcards in Middle East Deck (66)
Founder of Zionism
Letter that Britain sent to Zionist which called for a Jewish homeland, but not to disturb the existing people there
the Balfour Declaration
When was the Jewish homeland established?
Israel's first prime-minister
What is the theme of the Arab-Israeli Wars?
They go to war, Israel wins, and Israel gets more land.
Why did thousands of Jews flee Europe to Palestine?
Because of the Holocaust
What does "Al Nakba" mean?
What is the Arabic word for "catastrophe"?
What law encouraged Jews to return to their homeland by allowing immediate citizenship?
1950: the Law of Return
What does PLO stand for?
Palestinian Liberation Operation
Who lead the PLO?
What are the three important years of Arab-Israeli wars?
1948, 1967 and 1973
Who were the Fedayeen?
Men of Sacrifice
When was the Six Day War?
What Arab countries did Israel fight against during the Six Day War?
Jordan, Syria and Egypt
During the 1972 Olympics, Arab terrorism occurred where?
How many Israeli hostages were taken by Arabic terrorists in the Munich Olympics in 1972?
What seven terrorist organizations specifically targeted civilians?
PLO, Fatah, Hamas, Al Queda, Hezbollah, Islamic Jihad and Al Aqsa Martyr's Brigade
Who is a Zionist?
Someone who favored a Jewish national homeland in Palestine
What percentage of land in Palestine did the UN give the Jews in 1948?
What percentage did the Jews make up of Palestine?
What occurred in 1956?
the Suez Crisis
Who ordered the seizure of the Suez Canal in 1956?
Egyptian president, Gamal Abdel Nasser
Why did Israel let Egypt have the Suez Canal even though it had British and French help?
Pressure from the rest of the world (US and Soviet Union)
Who said "We are eager for battle in order to force the enemy to awake from his dreams, and meet Arab reality face to face" ?
Gamal Abdel Nasser
(before the Six Day War)
What land did Israel gain after the war in 1967? (name four)
Jerusalem, the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights and West Bank
Who succeeded Gamal Abdel Nasser?
What was the Arab-Israeli war called that occurred in 1973?
the Yom Kippur war
Who was Israel's Prime Minister during the 1973 war?