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Flashcards in Middle East Deck (66)
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1

Founder of Zionism

Theodore Herzl

2

Letter that Britain sent to Zionist which called for a Jewish homeland, but not to disturb the existing people there

the Balfour Declaration

3

When was the Jewish homeland established?

1948

4

Israel's first prime-minister

David Ben-Gurion

5

What is the theme of the Arab-Israeli Wars?

They go to war, Israel wins, and Israel gets more land.

6

Why did thousands of Jews flee Europe to Palestine?

Because of the Holocaust

7

What does "Al Nakba" mean?

Catastrophe

8

What is the Arabic word for "catastrophe"?

Al Nakba

9

What law encouraged Jews to return to their homeland by allowing immediate citizenship?

1950: the Law of Return

10

What does PLO stand for?

Palestinian Liberation Operation

11

Who lead the PLO?

Yasser Arafat

12

What are the three important years of Arab-Israeli wars?

1948, 1967 and 1973

13

Who were the Fedayeen?

Men of Sacrifice

14

When was the Six Day War?

1967

15

What Arab countries did Israel fight against during the Six Day War?

Jordan, Syria and Egypt

16

During the 1972 Olympics, Arab terrorism occurred where?

Munich, Germany

17

How many Israeli hostages were taken by Arabic terrorists in the Munich Olympics in 1972?

Nine

18

What seven terrorist organizations specifically targeted civilians?

PLO, Fatah, Hamas, Al Queda, Hezbollah, Islamic Jihad and Al Aqsa Martyr's Brigade

19

Who is a Zionist?

Someone who favored a Jewish national homeland in Palestine

20

What percentage of land in Palestine did the UN give the Jews in 1948?

55%

21

What percentage did the Jews make up of Palestine?

34%

22

What occurred in 1956?

the Suez Crisis

23

Who ordered the seizure of the Suez Canal in 1956?

Egyptian president, Gamal Abdel Nasser

24

Why did Israel let Egypt have the Suez Canal even though it had British and French help?

Pressure from the rest of the world (US and Soviet Union)

25

Who said "We are eager for battle in order to force the enemy to awake from his dreams, and meet Arab reality face to face" ?

Gamal Abdel Nasser
(before the Six Day War)

26

What land did Israel gain after the war in 1967? (name four)

Jerusalem, the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights and West Bank

27

Who succeeded Gamal Abdel Nasser?

Anwar Sadat

28

What was the Arab-Israeli war called that occurred in 1973?

the Yom Kippur war

29

Who was Israel's Prime Minister during the 1973 war?

Golda Meir

30

Name two hardliners who changed their views.

Anwar Sadat and Yitzhak Rabin