Flashcards in Midterm 1 Deck (46)
The quality of sound, as a distinct pitch; also known as tone color.
The simultaneous use of contrasting rhythms; also known as rhythmic contrast.
Continuous, unchanging patterns whose very repetition provides a framework for a musical piece.
Contrasting parts played above the foundation layers in a piece.
1. Jazz from the period 1935-1945, usually known as the Swing Era; 2. A jazz specific feeling created by rhythmic contrast within a particular rhythmic framework. (Usually involving a walking bass and a steady rhythm on the drummer's ride cymbal.)
A general term for the overall rhythmic framework of a performance. Includes swing, funk, ballad, and Latin.
The organization of recurring pulses into patterns. Duple 1-2, triple 1-2-3, irregular 1-2-3/1-2
The speed of a piece of music.
The preconceived structures that govern improvisation in jazz. These may include cycles of various kinds, popular song (like AABA), or compositional forms such as march/ragtime.
Wind instruments, some of which are made of brass, use a cup-like mouthpiece to create the sound.
Wind instruments whose mouthpieces are inserted between the lips, blowing air through a thin passage way with a limber reed.
Instruments that provide accompaniment for jazz soloing: harmony instruments such as piano, guitar, bass, tuba, or percussion.
A texture featuring one melody supported by harmonic accompaniment.
A texture in which two or more melodies of equal interest are played at the same time.
A texture featuring one melody with no accompaniment. Uses of break and stop-time.
A composed section of music that frames a small-combo performance, appearing at the beginning and again at the end.
1) A single statement of the harmonic and rhythmic jazz cycle defined by the musical form (12 bar blues, 32 bar popular song); 2) The repeated portion of a popular song, often introduced by its verse.
A standard song form, usually divided into shorter sections, such as AABA (each section 8 bars long) or AA (each section 16 bars long).
32 Bar Song Form
A twelve bar cycle used as a framework for improvisation by jazz musicians.
12 Bar Blues Form
The most common 32 bar popular song form, referring to melody and harmonic progression (but not text).
Each portion is 8 bars long, with B, the bridge, serving as the point of contrast.
A = statement, A = repetition, B = contrast, A = return.
Second most common 32 bar popular song form, referring to melody and harmonic progression. Each portion 8 bars long, with the A section returning in the songs middle. Can also be considered AA' form.
A short, catchy, and repeated melodic phrase.
A short melodic or rhythmic idea.
A musical utterance that's analogous to a sentence in speech.
Short melodic ideas that form a shared basic vocabulary for jazz improvisers.
A preexisting melody used as the basis for improvisation.
A new melodic line created with notes drawn from the underlying harmonic progression; also known as running the changes.
The process of using a scale as the basis for improvisation.
A slow romantic popular song;
A long, early type of folk song that narrated a bit of history.