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What are the different ways the term “Anti-Christ” can be used

The Greek prefix anti can mean:
1. “in opposition to” or
2. “in the place of, in replacement of”

The term “Anti-Christ” can mean:
1. Someone who opposes Christ
2. Someone who tries to replace Christ
Korihor opposed Christ as well as tried to replace Christ by telling the people there was no atonement and by trying to be their savior.


Korihor: Which cities he preached in?

Zarahemla, Jerson, Zarahemla, Gideon, Antionum


Korihor: What were his basic teachings?

-No God/Christ
-Can't know the things you can't see
-No atonement; whatever you do is right
-No life after death
-Church leaders lie to get rich and enslave members


Korihor: What epistemologies he was relying on when he made his different statements?

Epistemology: The Study of Human Knowledge
-Authoritarianism (rely upon person considered smart): “The devil told me these things”
-Rationalism (use human reason to analyze): “An angel appeared and told me there is no God”
-Empiricism (gain knowledge by 5 senses): “You cannot know anything you cannot see”
-Pragmatism (know what works in a situation): “I taught this, had success, so I believed them”
-Skepticism (attitude of being careful, reject anything without good evidence): “I will not believe, unless I see a sign”
-Conscience (inner feeling of what is generally right & wrong): “I always knew that there was a God”
-Revelation (direct communication from God to humans): “I knew there was a God, but I listened to the devil”


Korihor: What sign he was given?

Struck dumb


Korihor: What his ultimate fate was?

Went to Antionum and was trampled to death


Korihor: What was the main message Mormon wants us to learn from the Korihor story?

the moral of the story is…don’t be evil because if you do, bad things are going to happen to you
“And thus we see the end of him who perverts the ways of the Lord; and thus we see that the devil will not support his children at the last day, but does speedily drag them down to hell”


Be familiar with Alma’s model when he defended the truth against Korihor and be able to recall the phrase Alma used that effectively answered all of Korihor’s accusations

Alma’s Defense
1. Attempt to reason/refute (We don’t get rich off the people)
2. State the truth/evidence (All things testify of God and Christ)
3. Bear personal testimony (I know God exists and Christ will come)
4. Leave the rest in God’s hands (God decided to give Korihor)

Alma’s Answer
1. Korihor you know…we don’t profit from our service in the Church, but you say…we glut ourselves on the labor of our people, therefore…you deliberately twist the truth
2. Korihor you know…you cannot prove there is no God, but you say…you believe only what can be proved, therefore…you are not consistent with your own statements
3. Korihor you know…you believe there is a God, but you say…you do not believe in him, therefore…you are lying to yourself and us
4. Korihor you know…there are many signs that prove God lives, but you say…you won’t believe unless you see a sign, therefore…you won’t accept truth when it is given to you
I SAY…you are possessed of a lying spirit


Know what Alma’s strategy was to try to reclaim the Zoramites in the hopes he could prevent them from joining with the enemy and know which enemy he feared they would join with

-Power of the word of God (missionary work) [Alma 31:5]
-(Alma 4:18-19) “…seeing no way that he might reclaim them save it were in bearing down in pure testimony against them”


Know what the word “Rameumpton” literally means

“the holy stand”


Know the basic Zoramite beliefs and how often they spoke about God

1. God is a spirit, only a spirit
2. Zoramites predestined to heaven
3. All others predestined to hell
4. No Christ


Be able to recall what Alma prayed for when he was in the land of Antionum

Alma 31:30-31) strength to overcome


Know what Alma compares to a seed and what that really refers to

-“the word” unto a seed
-(Alma 33:22-23) Christ was going to die and suffer for our sins atone, to bring about the resurrection to all men that we might be back to live with heavenly father, his atonement is what we need to plant in our hearts"


Understand why Alma said the poor Zoramites were blessed

“And now, because ye are compelled to be humble blessed are ye; for a man sometimes, if he is compelled to be humble, seeketh repentance; and now surely, whosoever repenteth shall find mercy; and he that findeth mercy and endureth to the end the same shall be saved.”


Know which prophet Alma is quoting when he reassures the poor Zoramites that they can worship anywhere



Be familiar with Elder Hafen’s explanation of Amulek’s teachings about “that same spirit”

“…the spirit that will possess our souls in the eternal world is either Satan’s or Christ’s”


Understand the ways in which Christ’s atonement is infinite (and understand the difference between “infinite” and “unconditional”)

1. The atonement is not limited by space (Christ died for all people, everywhere)
2. The atonement is not limited by time (It worked even before it historically took place)
3. The atonement was performed by an “infinite being” (Jesus Christ, a divine being, could not be bound or limited by death)


Understand when the Law of Moses was actually fulfilled

At Christ's death


Be able to recall the three things Amulek says would NOT be a used for the “great and last sacrifice”

Man, beast, any manner of fowl (Alma 34:10)


Know where Amulek was from



Be able to recall why Alma gathers his sons together

-Alma is going to pull them one by one and talk to them, Alma sees the coming of the storm because of the war
“Alma, being grieved for the inquity of his people, yea for the wars, and the bloodsheds,” gathered his sons “separately” to address “things pertaining unto righteousness” (Alma 35:15-16)


Alma’s conversion story is told several times in the Book of Mormon. Know to which of his sons he recited the most elaborate and detailed version of it, and the ancient literary technique he used when reciting it

-chiasmus: reverse parallelism


Know what a “harrow” is and what it does

-plow, something you drag behind a vehicle or animals, have giant spikes, purpose of harrow is to turn hard soil to soft soil
-ex: hard heart to a soft heart


Be able to recall what Alma could “remember no more” when he cried out to the Lord

remember my pains no more, don’t feel the guilt


Be familiar with which items Alma passed on to his son Helaman

-plates of Nephi
-plates of Brass
-24 Jaredite plates
-Urim and Thumim


Know what the word “Liahona” literally means, and where the spindles pointed (and what we might not know about one of the spindles)

-“and within the ball were two spindles; and one pointed the way whither we should go into the wilderness.” (1 Nephi 16.10)
-while the other was perhaps fixed on some known, permanent direction (north? Jerusalem?) we don’t know


Corianton: Know whose example Alma wished Corianton had followed

His brothers: Helaman & Shiblon


Corianton: Where he encountered the harlot Isabel

Land of Siron


Corianton: What he was commanded to do concerning the ministry

“thou shouldst have tended to the ministry wherewith thou wast entrusted”


Corianton: What the result of his bad example was

because he messed up, the Zoramites wouldn’t believe Alma’s words, they ended up joining with the Lamanites and to go war with the Nephites