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Flashcards in Midterm 1 Deck (51):
1

Lincolns 10% plan

Proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction
Provides lenient path to re-joining the Union
10% of eligible voters need pledge allegiance to US and emancipation

2

Radical republicans

Led by Stevens and Sumner
Plan needed majority of each southern state to pledge allegiance before reconstruction could begin
Slavery must be abolished before law took effect
Passed congress. Lincoln vetoed.

3

14th amendment

Citienship, privileges or immunities, due process, equal protection clauses
Used to protect citizenship rights of former slaves
Ratified July 1868

4

15th amendment

Protect voting rights
Ratified feb 3 1870

5

Andrew Johnson

Plan to create rapid path for rejoining the union
Issued pardons to southern military leaders
Ordered freedmans bureau to return lands to former owners

6

Freedman's Bureau

1865 - 1872
Provide provisions and shelter to former slaves and families
Opened schools for African Americans

7

Chicago worlds fair 1893

Showed chicago as a modern city and influenced population growth

8

Pullman strike

Summer 1894
Pullman co cuts wages but not cost of housing
250,000 workers in 27 states join strike
Grover Cleveland sends army 30 workers killed
Labor Day created

9

Lattimer massacre

19 Slavic unarmed miners, marching in strike, shot dead by sheriff and deputies
Later acquitted

10

William graham sumner

Social Darwinism
Yale prof
Survival of fittest

11

Lester frank ward

Reform Darwinism
Geologist for US Geo survey
Humanitarian, civilized society
Humans are above social Darwinism

12

Social Darwinism

W.G. Sumner Survival of fittest

13

Reform Darwinism

LF Ward
Government and society should make as many people as possible "fit to survive"

14

Acre of diamonds

Russell conwell Poor are poor because god made them that way and is punishing them for past sins

15

Popular Calvinism

Russell conwell Acre of diamonds
Rich because graced by god poor because punished

16

Social gospel

Religious socialism
People must help other people
pushed by w rauschenbusch

17

Walter roschenbusch

Minister in Hell's Kitchen social gospel

18

Legal pragmatism

Louis Brandeis
Offers philosophical challenges to descriptions of legal domain
Examining the facts

19

Constitutional conservatism

SJ Field
Pro corporations

20

Louis Brandeis

Legal pragmatism broke up monopolies, defended rights of workers

21

Andrew Carnegie

Influential philanthropic businessman
Gov leaves entrepreneurs alone, entrepreneurs give back to society

22

Gospel of wealth

Andrew Carnegie
Social Darwinism is good to a point. Make money and give back to poorer in society

23

Clusters last stand

1876 Custer's force defeated by Indians. 268 killed
Art and propaganda depicted the heroism of Custer's white men vs overwhelming force

24

Dawes Act

1887 allowed survey Indian land and divided into allotments for Indians
Transfer Indian lands to white settlers

25

Washita river massacre

Custer led 700 men to slaughter 50ish Cheyenne and 800 animals

26

Wounded knee

Lakota reservation in South Dakota. 150 to 300 Indians killed mostly women and children

27

Omaha platform

Sub treasury plan
"Free silver" at 16:1
Gov control of railroads, telegraph, telephones
Graduated income tax
Direct democracy

28

Populism

Support for the concerns of ordinary people in struggle against privileged elite

29

Cross of Gold speech

William Jennings Bryan
Support of free silver
"Shall not crucify mankind on a cross of gold"
Catapulted him to democratic nomination

30

Election of 1896

McKinley vs Bryant
McKinley won and US adopted gold standard

31

Spanish American war

USS Maine explodes in Havana
Teller amendment: US declared no territory designs on Cuba
April 25 -aug 12, 1898
US destroys Spanish fleet in Philippines
TR San Juan hill
US takes possession of philllipines, Guam, PR

32

Philippine occupation

4000 US deaths
20000 Filipino troop deaths
2000000 Filipino civilian deaths

33

Imperialism

Frontier closing and American expansion continuing. American power means conquering

34

Anti-imperialism

Opposed to colonialism and expansion beyond borders

35

Southern progressivism

Legacy of southern populism
Jim Crow laws

36

James K Vardaman

MS governor
Supporter of Woodrow Wilson

37

Booker T Washington

Atlanta compromise speech
Cast down your bucket
Blacks would work and submit to white political rule, whites guaranteed blacks receive education and due process

38

Ida b wells

Anti lynching campaign

39

WEB DuBois

Critical of Atlanta compromise and booker T

40

Mother Jones

Lincoln Steffens
Muckraking journalism
Exposed corruption in major US cities

41

The Jungle

Upton Sinclair
Portrayed harsh conditions of immigrants
Exposed health violations in meat packing industry
Lead to meat inspection act

42

Mother Jones

Organized mine workers and families against mine owners
Organized children walk against child labor laws

43

Eugene Debs

Labor leader and organizer
Ran for pres in 1912 as socialist candidate

44

Jane Addams

Social settlement house worker
Leader in women's suffrage
Hull house

45

Muller V Oregon

Upheld restriction of 10 hour workdays for women

46

Square Deal

Conservation of resources, control of corporations, consumer protection

47

Northern securities case

1902-04 Louis Brandeis v nations largest railroads
Outlaws combinations in restraint of trade

48

UMW strike

Mine workers went on strike in 1902
TR proposed solution of 10% pay raise and reduction to 9 hour workdays

49

1912 election

Democrat Woodrow Wilson, new freedom
Republican incumbent Taft
Progressive candidate TR, new nationalism
Socialist Eugene debs
Wilson won because TR split the vote among republicans

50

New nationalism

Protections of human welfare
Progressive
Powerful government

51

New freedom

Limited government
Progressive
Tariff reform, business reform, banking reform