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Flashcards in MIDTERM Deck (246)
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1

1. Which of the following are NOT true of learning?
a) It results in a relatively permanent change in behavior.
b) It is the result of practice and or experience.
c) It is directly observable.
d) All of the above are true.

It is directly observable

2

2. Which of the following is true of performance?
a) It is defined as the act of executing a skill.
b) It is observable.
c) It is used to infer learning.
d) All of the above are true.

ALL of the above

3

Which of the following is true of learning?
a) It is the result of practice or experience.
b) It is defined as the act of executing a skill.
c) It is directly observable.
d) It is a temporary change in performance.

Result of practice or experience

4

When assessing performance and making instructional decisions, which of the following must be considered?
a) The learner
b) The task
c) The environment in which the task is performed
d) All of the above

All of the above

5

5. The field of study that focuses on the neural, physical, and behavior aspects that underlie human movement is _____.
a) learning.
b) motor control.
c) motor learning.
d) performance.

Motor Control

6

Which of the following would be considered a motor skill?
a) Writing a check
b) Solving a math problem
c) Blinking as a reflex
d) Visualizing performance

Writing a Check

7

7. Which of the following is NOT true of motor skills?
a) They can be performed involuntarily.
b) Body and/or limb movements are required.
c) They must be learned.
d) They are goal oriented.

They can be performed involuntarily

8

8. Which of the following would NOT be considered a motor skill?
a) Football punt
b) Knee-jerk reflex
c) Sewing on a button
d) Taping someone's ankle

Knee-Jerk reflex

9

9. Taxonomies are used to do which of the following:
a) indicate one's level of proficiency.
b) determine the amount of time that will be required to learn a motor skill.
c) determine the level of fatigue associated with a motor skill.
d) classify motor skills in terms of common elements.

Classify motor skills in terms of common elements

10

10. Skills can be classified according to:
a) the predictability of the environment in which the skill is performed.
b) the nature of their organization.
c) the degree of precision of their movements and corresponding size of the musculature used to perform.
d) All of the above

ALL of the Above

11

11. Which of the following is an example of a gross motor skill?
a) Cutting with scissors
b) Creating an incision with a scalpel
c) Performing a pushup
d) Swiping a credit card

Performing a pushup

12

12. Which of the following is an example of a fine motor skill would be:
a) swimming the freestyle stroke.
b) typing on a laptop keyboard.
c) walking with crutches.
d) cross-country skiing.

Typing on a laptop keyboard

13

13. A fine motor skill is one that:
a) places less emphasis on precision of movement.
b) generally involves multi-limb movements.
c) tends to be manipulative in nature.
d) requires the use of large muscles.

Tends to be manipulative in nature

14

14. A discrete skill:
a) has beginning and ending points that are either arbitrary or determined by some environmental factor rather than by the task itself.
b) tends to be repetitive in nature.
c) has beginning and end points that are clearly defined.
d) A and B only

Has beginning and ending points that are clearly defined

15

15. A skill that is composed of a number of discrete skills whose integrated performance is crucial for goal achievement is categorized as a/an:
a) serial skill.
b) continuous skill.
c) compound skill.
d) open skill.

Serial Skill

16

16. Which of the following is an example of a serial skill?
a) Rollerblading
b) Throwing a Frisbee
c) A floor routine in gymnastics
d) Serving a volleyball

A floor routine in gymnastics

17

17. Which of the following is a continuous skill?
a) Performing a gymnastics floor routine
b) Setting a volleyball
c) Rollerblading
d) Playing the piano

Rollerblading

18

18. Skills where the performer controls the performance situation because the object being acted on or the context in which the skill is performed does not change are called:

a) open skills.
b) closed skills.
c) variable skills.
d) stable skills.

Closed Skills

19

19. Which of the following would be considered a closed skill?
a) Driving a car
b) Juggling the soccer ball during game
c) Putting a golf ball
d) Returning a tennis serve

Putting a golf ball

20

20. Mountain biking, which requires the performer to continually adapt his or her responses to conform to the trail, would be considered what kind of skill:
a) an open skill.
b) a closed skill.
c) an adaptive skill.
d) a responsive skill.

an OPEN SKILL

21

21. Practice for open skills should emphasize which of the following?
a) technique.
b) consistency.
c) context variability.
d) None of the above

Context variablility

22

22. According to Gentile, the environmental factors that specify the movement characteristics necessary for successful performance of a skill are known as:
a) action requirements.
b) object manipulation.
c) regulatory conditions.
d) inter-trial response variability.

regulatory conditions

23

23. Inter-trial response variability refers to:
a) environmental factors that specify the movement characteristics necessary for the successful performance of a skill.
b) whether the regulatory conditions remain fixed or change with each successive performance attempt.
c) whether or not a performer must change location when performing a skill.
d) whether or not an object is manipulated during the performance of a skill.

Whether the regulatory conditions remain fixed or change with each successive performance attempt

24

24. Which of the following skills has low inter-trial variability?
a) Golf putt
b) Volleyball spike
c) Bunting
d) Shot put

Shot Put

25

25. According to Gentile's multidimensional classification system, the simplest skill would be one whose:
a) environmental context is stationary, involves no inter-trial variability or body transport, and does not require object manipulation.
b) environmental context is in motion, involves high inter-trial variability, and requires both body transport and object manipulation.
c) environmental context is in motion, involves high inter-trial variability, requires body transport, but does not require object manipulation.
d) environmental context is stationary, involves high inter-trial variability, requires body transport, but does not require object manipulation.

environment context is stationary, involves NO inter-trial variability or body transport, and does not require object manipulation.

26

26. Understanding skill complexity enables the practitioner to:
a) systematically evaluate a learner's movement capabilities and limitations.
b) design learning experiences that are challenging yet realistic.
c) create logical skill progressions.
d) All of the above

ALL OF THE ABOVE

27

27. Genetic traits that cannot be modified through practice and are prerequisite for skilled performance are called:
a) reflexes.
b) abilities.
c) individual differences.
d) Fleishman’s taxonomy

Individual differences

28

28. Which of the following is / are not included in the Fleishman’s (1967) taxonomy?
a) Visual acuity and visual tracking
b) Multi-limb coordination speed of limb movement
c) Response orientation and reaction time
d) Static strength and dynamic strength

Visual acuity and visual tracking

29

29. What specificity hypothesis (Henry, 1961) confirms which of the following example(s)?
a) There is a guarantee for a tennis player who would also be strong swimmer
b) There is a guarantee for a swimmer who would also be strong a tennis player
c) There is no a guarantee for a tennis player who would also be strong swimmer
d) A and B only

There is no a guarantee for a tennis player who would also be strong swimmer

30

30. Which of the following is classified as a perceptual motor ability?
a) Gross body equilibrium
b) Response orientation
c) Dynamic strength
d) Extent flexibility

Response Orientation