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Flashcards in Midterm 2 Deck (50)
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1

Original/ Primary Records

-created at the time and place of the event by someone with that responsibility (church or govt.)

2

examples of an original record

-birth and death records (in state after 1900)
-marriage records (after 1900 they'r done on the county level)
-Vital records (birth, marriage, death)
-church records (baptism/christening, marriage, burial)
-land deeds
-naturalization and citizenship applications
-probate records

3

compiled/secondary

-data compiled from original record

4

examples of compiled records

-family indexes
-family histories
-county histories
-most websites

5

1790-1840 census

-head of household
-number of household members and general age groups

6

why a census

- in U.S/ wanted to count everyone to determine how many representativesf rom each state go to Congress
-used to be direct taxation

7

1850 census

-gender
-name
-approximate age of everyone in the household
-occupation
-place of birth, state or country

8

1880 census

-relationship to head of house
-3 places of birth for everyone (theirs, and their parents)

9

1890 census

destroys in a fire - not much remains

10

1900 census

-year of immigration for foreign people
-naturalization
-month and year of brith
-number of years married
-how many children born to mother
-how many children are alive

11

1910 census

-country and language for immigrants

12

1920 census

-country and language separate columns

13

1930 census

-occupation
-where they work
-can you speak english
-when did you come here

14

1940 census

-x in a circle next to who provided the information
-where were they 5 years ago (same house, same town, write where they were)

15

what is the most recent census available to the public

-1940
-public release happens are 72 years
-1950 will be in 2022

16

census records in the states

-on the 5s

17

Civil Records

-outside of the United States
-one office that has birth, marriage, and death records

18

Parish

-smallest unit of a Christian church
-located wherever the numbers are sufficient
-records are kept in the vicarage
-population is established by the church
-rural parish often included several towns cities will have more than one parish
-has baptism/christenings, proclamation/arriages, death/burials
-they change

19

Vital Records

-in the US
-birth, marriage, death
-most records were kept by counties prior to 1900
-20th century states star keeping birth and death - marriages are still county

20

Church Records

-1st church records in Europe are 1500
-christenings, marriages, burials and other events

21

what info is in a christening

-child's name
-parents names
-godparents/witnesses names
-date of christening

22

what is in a church marriage record

-date of marriage
-names of brie and groom
-sometimes the names of the parents

23

what is in a burial record

-date of burial
-deceased name and age
-sometimes residence

24

reasons for immigration

-economic - land ownership
-religious freedom
-escape bondage of Europe - bad living conditions, choose an occupation etc

25

between 1820 and 1892 which port did most immigrants go through

castle gardens

26

passenger arrival lists

-1820 start keeping regular list of immigrants
-compiled lists have place of origin and foreign port of embark
-customs passenger list weren't kept after 1891

27

naturalization records

-2 legal requirements - declarations of intention and petitions for citizenship
-3 documents: declaration of intention, petition for citizenship, naturalization document

28

info on naturalization records

-petitioners age
-name changes
-birthplace
-port of debarkation
-marital status
-mailing address
-names of spouse and children

29

who processed naturalization records

-processed by district/federal, state, county, or other local courts before 1906
-after 1906 immigration and naturalization service has copies of all records

30

probate records

-last will and testament
-includes will and administrations
-divides estate among heirs