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Flashcards in midterm 2 Deck (41)
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1

what are the 8 components of analyzing sets?

1. exterior or interior
2.style
3. studio or location
4. period
5. class
6. size
7. decoration
8. symbolic function

2

how did the introduction of sound affect cinema and acting? Explain the challenges

It affected acting because actors and actresses could make less jerky movements or exaggeration. There was a turn to more comical acting and cinema. Cameras could move and sound could be picked up from wherever the actor moved. The scenes could look more natural.

3

Define Foley Artist

The sound technician in charge of sound effects after the principal photography has been completed

4

what is the name of the individual who creates sound to dub over film

Foley artist

5

what are the differences between story and plot

The story can be defined as the general subject matter, the raw materials of a dramatic action in chronological sequence. The plot, on the other hand, involves the storyteller’s method of superimposing a structural pattern over the story. the plot is the structuring of the scenes into how the story is told.

6

How does a character’s costume communicate certain traits and relationships in a film?

it does this through color or lines. like the examples in the book at first Juliets dress was a vibrant red and after she married Romeo she wore cool blue tones. it can show off the actor or actresses traits - costumes designed to highlight them. Realist films often clothes are just bought so they look normal or tattered if they are of a poorer class.

7

why were movies never considered completely silent

Virtually all movies prior to 1927 were accompanied by some kind of music. In the large city theaters, full orchestras provided atmospheric background to the visuals. In small towns, a piano was often used for the same purpose. In many theaters, the “Mighty Wurlitzer” organ, with its bellowing pipes, was the standard musical accompaniment.

8

describe the differences between the audience, spectators, cinephiles, and fans

audience - is where you generate a mass media following, people go see things in groups
spectator - is an individual positioned between the screen and the projector
fans- individuals who have a passionate connection to popular media
cinephile - related to the auteur theory, someone that studies film usually fits the description. they watch the movie based on sound, style and their intellectual interest in cinema. this implies both a way of watching and speaking about films . this type of audience only watches films in theatres.

9

what are some difficulties faced women, people from different races, people of different ages, and people with different physical appearnaces face when it comes to casting

they can not be what the director had in mind for the part, which can be a negative for these actors. They are different so they dont want that to take away from the story. sometimes they are not cast just based on these things.

10

What 4 types of acting are there?

silent film acting
the British tradition
method acting
new wave

11

Explain the difference between a stage director and a screen director?

A stage director puts together the production but once the curtain is up it is all on the actor, they are the artist here. A screen director gets to put the film together in bits and parts, which doesn't allow the actor to fully mod the character, so here the screen director is the artist.

12

Is Nicole Kidman a personality star or an actor star?

an actor star

13

Given an analysis of Wes Anderson as an auteur.

he has a distinct visual style - he uses a high degree of formalism and every shot is arranged carefully, he uses all of the frame, perfectly centred shots or symmetrical compositions.
Characters - populates his films with offbeat, outsider characters that are struggling in some sort of way
collaborations - he generally casts the same crew of actors and actresses.

14

Explain the Ghostbusters controversy.

People reacting without watching, almost judging how it would be. Fans did not want to watch because they were heavily invested in the original film. Merchandise was also made cheaper so people were not buying. They thought it was a “womens” Ghostbusters that didn’t go with the original story of Ghostbusters.

15

What did sound do to acting styles?

performers got to act more natural, close ups where they could speak and convey what they were doing or saying came naturally. less jerky movements.

16

What are the 3 narrative styles?

realistic, classical, formalistic

17

How do pitch, volume and tempo affect our response to sound?

High-pitched sounds are generally strident and produce a sense of tension in the listener. generally used in suspense scenes. Loud sounds tend to be forceful, intense, and threatening, whereas quiet sounds strike us as delicate, hesitant, and often weak. The faster the tempo of sound, the greater the tension produced in the listener.

18

Differentiate between formalistic and realistic musicals

realistic musicals usually justify a song or dance with a brief bit of dialogue—“Hey kids, let’s rehearse the barn number”—and the barn number is then presented to the audience. In formalistic musicals characters burst out in song and dance in the middle of a scene without easing into the number with a plausible pretext.

19

Differentiate between formalistic and realistic musicals

realistic musicals usually justify a song or dance with a brief bit of dialogue—“Hey kids, let’s rehearse the barn number”—and the barn number is then presented to the audience. In formalistic musicals characters burst out in song and dance in the middle of a scene without easing into the number with a plausible pretext.

20

What are the differences between formalist and realistic narratives?

realistic narratives tend to dedramatize. they are often set in a specific time period and show "life as it is". They do not heighten any experience they sometimes show shocking events that are criticized negatively but it is to emphasize the "realness" aspect of the move. Realistic narratives tell the story slower than formalist narratives. Formalist narratives often cut and mix different times to tell the story faster. They heighten the drama, often used in musicals with lyrical interludes. They use cliches like destiny and fate.

21

Explain how a story of a film would follow a classical paradigm?

Movies are structured narratively with a clear conflict, several implications along the way to a major climax and then a resolution that emphasizes formal closure

22

list the 4 types of audiences and briefly explain each of them

audience - based on mass media, movies have a large following, group dynamic people will go see movies in a group as a social activity
specator- the person between the projector and the screen
fans- individuals who have a passionate connection to popular media (ghostbusters)
cinephile - based on the auteur theory. usually someone who studies film. watches the film only in theatres and watches it based on sound, style and their intellectual interest in films.

23

What are the different categories of actors?

personality stars and actor stars

24

What are the 8 components of set design and analysis?

1.style
2.class
3.period
4.exterior or interior
5.studio or location
6.size
7.decoration
8.symbolic function

25

Explain why adapting a film to a theatre stage would be harder than adapting a play or musical to cinema.

Adapting a film to a theatre stage would be hard because directors make a film out of bits and pieces, time and space are are fragmented by individual shots. Edited to flow together. Whereas a play is one story told all at the same time on stage which could easily be translated to film by the director just using a long shot to capture the story.

26

Briefly describe the job of a Foley Artist.

a sound effects technician. they gather all sounds for the movies and dub over the finished scenes.

27

Describe one key characteristic of a formalist film and name a movie that we watched for class that is an example of that characteristic.

time is scrambled- run Lola run! because there are a lot of scenes that the director left out. like in a realist film they probably would have captured the conversations in the car leading up to the bank robbery but in this formalist film they skipped over it to heighten the suspense of the movie and tell the story faster

28

Explain two ways in which acting was affected by the transition to sound cinema. Give an example of an actor who adapted successfully.

more natural movements - less jerky, more comical acting. Clark Gable

29

Define diegetic and nondiegetic sound. Explain how they are used in film. (using examples from one of the films we watched)

diegetic sound is defined as sound coming from a source that the audience can identify on screen, in the frame or the action that creates the sound is happening the frame, characters speaking, thunder, cars.. non diabetic sound is sound that cannot be sourced from being in the frame or shot like narratives, dubbed sound effects that aren't evident as a source in the shot. dietetic sound would be in les amours imaginaries and non-diegetic sound would be the use of narrative in dogville.

30

What are the four styles of acting?

Method acting
The British tradition
silent films
the new wave