Flashcards in Midterm 2019 Deck (40)
What is histography?
The study of historical writings
What are the two components of the bibliographical test which inform a book’s historiographical reliability?
1. Time from the Original
2. Number of manuscripts
3. Comparing with other books of antiquity
Speak of the Bible’s reliability from the first component of the bibliographical test as discussed in class.
The oldest copies were written just 50 years after the original and we have 1 from the Apostles themselves
Speak of the Bible’s reliability from the second component of the bibliographical test as discussed in class.
We have 24,633 NT MSS compared to 1,757 of the Illiad which has the 2nd most number of MSS
How does the Bible compare to other books of antiquity in the two basic components of the bibliographical test?
The Bible far outways the other books of antiquity. "To dismiss the bible is to dismiss all of history."
Was the Word of God preserved and assessable in the OT times?
Yes. The priests in the OT preserved it in every stage.
How many times were the priests to read the OT to the people?
Every 7 years
Who were commanded to make correct copies of the OT?
Who had copies of the Law according to the OT before the exile?
Rulers, Priests, and all the people.
Who took copies into the exile?
Daniel and Ezekiel
How do we know the Law was present in the post-exilic times?
Ezra taught the Law to Israel.
Who preserved the Word until Jesus’ time?
In Romans 3:2, who does Paul say had the Word committed unto them, and what underlying claim does that make?
The scribes sit in Moses' seat, which shows the Hebrew Masoretic text is the inspired Word of God.
Prove how careful the copying and preservation of the OT through the Tannaim, the Amoraim, and the Masorites was.
They counted the number of letters, words, knew the middle word of a scroll.
Where is the best preservation of the OT today?
Why were the Jews careful to bury or “reverently inter” copies of the Hebrew OT?
To stop any possibility of misreadings
What is the LXX or Septuagint?
A Greek translation of the Hebrew OT.
Why was a Greek version of the OT Scripture needed?
The Jews in Alexandria had stopped learning Hebrew
Is the dating of the LXX to 285-246 BC incontrovertible?
No. The dates are still being debated.
What are the three styles of Greek language in the LXX?
Good, indifferent, unintelligible.
What does the LXX do with Greek notions of God in the Hebrew OT?
Change the language wherever it can to match Greek ideas of god.
Can we know what was original in the LXX? Why or why not?
No, The many revisions show we cannot know what is original.
What did the Jews change the feast to celebrate the LXX into?
A fast which laments the LXX ever being created.
What always accompanied the LXX?
Who was the most important person that dismissed the Apocrypha as viable and how do we know?
Jesus, said the Law, Prophets, and Writings… which omits the Apocrypha as included.
Do the Apostles and Jesus quote the LXX?
How many times does the NT quotes of the OT match the Hebrew exactly?
How many times does the NT quotes of the OT match the Hebrew nearly?
How many times does the NT quotes of the OT match the Hebrew in their intended sense?