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Interpersonal Communication Midterm > Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Deck (48)
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1

Intercultural communication

Communication that occurs when members of two or more cultures exchange messages in a manner that is influenced by their different perceptions and symbol system

2

Individualistic culture

A culture in which people view their primary responsibility as helping themselves

3

High-context culture

A culture that relies heavily on verbal and nonverbal cues to maintain social harmony

4

Ethnocentrism

An attitude that one's own culture is superior to that of others

5

Collectivist Culture

A culture whose members feel loyalties and obligations to an in-group, such as family, a community, work organization

6

Co-culture

A group within an encompassing culture with a perceived identity

7

Achievement culture

A culture that places a high value on the achievement of material success and a focus on the task at hand

8

Transactional model of communication

The dynamic process in which communications create meaning together through interaction

9

Relational Dimension

The dimension of a message that express the social relationship between two or more individuals

10

Noise

External, physiological and psychological distractions that interfere with the accurate transmission and reception of a message

11

Interpersonal communication - quantitative

Any interaction between two people

12

Interpersonal communication - qualitative

Communication in which people treat each other as unique individuals as opposed to object

13

Feedback

A discernible response of a receiver to a sender's message

14

Environment

Both the physical setting in which communication occurs and the personal perspectives of the people involved

15

Content dimension (измерение) of message

The dimension of a message that communicates information about the subject being discussed

16

Channel

The medium through which messages are exchanged

17

Halo effect

The tendency to form an overall positive impression of a person on the basis of one's positive characteristic.

18

First-order reality

The physically observable qualities of a thing or situation

19

Empathy

The ability to project oneself into another person's point of view in an attempt to experience the other's thoughts and feelings

20

Attribution error

The process of attaching meaning to another person's behavior

21

Self-fulfilling prophecy (пророчество)

The causal relationship that occurs when a person's expectations of an event and her or his subsequent behavior based on those expectations make the outcome more likely to occur that would otherwise have been true

22

Self-esteem

The part of the self-concept that involves evaluation of self-worth

23

Self-disclosure

The process of deliberately revealing (намеренного выявления) information about oneself that is significant and that would not normally be known by others

24

Self-concept

The relatively stable set of perceptions each individual holds of herself/himself

25

Reflected appraisal

The theory that a person's self-concept matches the way the person believes others regard him or her

26

Reference group

Group against which we compare ourselves, theory influencing our self-concept and self-esteem

27

Identity management

The communication strategies people use to influence how others view them

28

Face work

Actions people take to preserve their own and other's presenting images

29

Cognitive conservatism

The tendency to seek out information that conforms to an existing self-concept and to ignore information that contradicts it

30

Uncertainty avoidance

The tendency of culture's members to feel threatened by ambiguous (неоднозначной) situations, and how much they try to avoid them