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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (123):
1

when the British attacked NY in late August 1776

the american army was fortunate to escape into NJ

2

on christmas night in 1776, Washington crossed the Delaware river to defeat

hessians

3

in late December 1776 , Washington was able to reverse American fortunes by

winning battles at Trenton & Princeton

4

Washington learned that the best hope to beta British would be

make a long war of attrition

5

in 1777 Washington dealt with the threat of smallpox to his army by

ordering a mass inoculation

6

americans won a tremendous victory in October 1777 with the surrender at saratoga of

Johnny Burgoyne

7

american victory at saratoga resulted in

France's entry on american side

8

in 1779 Spain entered war as allies of

France

9

turning point in the south was

battle at kings mountain

10

the exploit of George rogers clark was the

conquest of the western frontier

11

in winter at valley forge , Washington army was decimated by all except

enemy attack

12

British shifted their military effort to the south to

utilize strength of local tories

13

Benedict Arnold became notorious late in the war by

going over to the British

14

american victory at Yorktown would have been impossible without

french assitance

15

news of Yorktown inspired British to

end the war ( revo )

16

an important factor in the conclusion of the peace treaty negotiations was that the

american decision to negotiate separately without the British

17

peace treaty was signed in

paris

18

John andre

ended Benedict Arnold plans

19

lord cornwallis

surrendered at Yorktown

20

john Burgoyne

lost at saratoga

21

Horatio gates

won at saratoga

22

admiral deGrasse

provided Washington with assistance at Yorktown

23

Thomas Paine

wrote american crisis

24

Nathaniel Greene

american commander known as fighting quaker

25

true / false : the 1st conflicts of the American revolution took place in south Carolina

false

26

true / false : during the war, Iroquois tribes like the Mohawks helped the americans fight against the British

false

27

true / false : by its final years the american war of indoence had become a world war

true

28

true / false : b4 the revo. was over the British were fighting Spanish , french & dutch as well as americans

false

29

true / false : in 1778 parliament adopted a program that granted all the american demands made prior to independence

true

30

the french and indian war was triggered by

conflicting french & english claims to the Ohio valley

31

as a result of George Washington's engagement with the french at fort necessity

Washington was forced to surrender

32

the war that erupted between the French & the British in North American

became a world war

33

all of the following opposed Britain in the 7 years war except

Prussia

34

the decisive battle of the French & Indian war concluded with General Wolfe capture of

Quebec

35

as a result of the 1763 treaty of paris, Britain acquired

Florida

36

as result of its defat in the war, France

lost all of territory in North America

37

at the end of the war New Orleans & all of the french lands west of the Mississippi

wet to Spain

38

the immediate consequence of Pontiac's rebellion resulted in most Americans believing that

all indians must be removed

39

in retrospect, British victory in the French & indian war

led to the loss of its American colonies about twenty years later

40

as a result of French & Indian war

sense of American nationalism was developing

41

royal proclamation of 1763

prohibited american settlement west of the Appalachians mountains

42

1st continental congress met in

Philadelphia

43

to aid in the war , George 111 hired germans known as

hessians

44

By 1790 the Indians

Remained a powerful threat to western settlement

45

The new congress gathered in the national catalog which was

New York City

46

Washington Secretary of State was

T. Jefferson

47

1st Supreme Court

Was led by Chief Justice John jay

48

In regard to religion , the constitution

Expresses hostility toward religion

49

Regard to state debts Hamilton proposed that

The federal government take them over

50

National bank proposed by Hamilton

Would provide a stable national currency

51

Madison & Jefferson objected to the national bank because

They believed in a strict interpretation of the constitution

52

Emergence of political parties

Reflected basic philosophical differences between Jefferson & Hamilton

53

Party led by Madison & Jefferson that opposed Hamilton was

Republicans

54

When Britain & France went to war , the US was ( against / with them )

Expressed neutrality, warning Americans not to express in either side

55

Edmond genet

Encouraged US to attack Spanish territory on frontier

56

Treaty of Greenville was an agreement between US &

Indians on northwest frontier

57

As result of John Jay's treaty

British agreed to evacuate their northwest post by 1796

58

By the 1790's, US became incensed with the British over

British seizure of American merchant vessels

59

Opposition to Hamilton excise tax on whiskey was strongest among

Frontier farmers

60

Daniel Boone led settlers into

Kentucky

61

The 1796 presidential election

Was the nations 1st partisan election

62

Under president Adams a war between US & France was

An undeclared naval conflict

63

In regard to land policy , Hamilton & federalist

Favored high land prices that would slow western settlement

64

At the time of the revolution, a republican form of government was

Rejected by the 1st state constitutions

65

Most of the state constitutions adopted during the revolution

Contained bill of rights

66

Under the articles of confederation congress

Combined legislature and executive power

67

During the revolution, a slave might gain his freedom

All of the above

68

In the era of the revolution the northern states

Took steps to abolish slavery

69

Abigail Adams appeal to her husband John to " remember the ladies "

Was ignored

70

The 640 acre sections created in the northwest

Would likely be bought by land speculators

71

US departed from the colonial policies of Great Britain by

Promising equal statehood to all unsettled western territory

72

Northwest ordinance of 1787

Banned slavery in the northwest

73

An ongoing source of American tension toward the British was

British forts on American soil

74

US contended with Spain over

Freedom to navigate the Mississippi

75

Shays rebellion broke out in

Western Massachusetts

76

Shays rebellion led by

Indebted farmers

77

Shays rebellion was

Repressed by state militia

78

Constitutional convention met in

Philadelphia

79

The convention which assembled in May was suppose to

Revise the articles of confederation

80

Conventions most gifted philosopher who emerged as one of its central figures was

James Madison

81

Madison VA Plan

Create a two house congress

82

Great compromise

Listed explicit peers of the congress

83

Founders designed constitution so that only branch of government directly elected by voters would be the

House of Representatives

84

Under the constitution, members of the senate would

Be chosen by state legislatures

85

Presidents powers were limited by all of the following EXCEPT

He would be chosen by popular vote

86

In regard to Supreme Court , the constitution

Required to have chief of Justice

87

Article VI declares the constitution

Supreme law of the land

88

Most of the federalist essays were written by

A. Hamilton

89

Amendments to the constitution

Would be proposed by two - thirds of every congress

90

Federalist number 10 explains how a republic can

Be successful in large , diverse society

91

Federalist argued that

Size and diversity of large new country

92

Anti federalist leaders

Wanted bill of rights to protect individuals from new government

93

Which was a anti federalist

Patrick Henry

94

Last of 13 colonies to ratify constitution was

Rhode Island

95

As new constitution went to effect , franklin & Washington viewed its future with

Uncertainty

96

True / false : the quartering act required colonies to provide provisions and barracks for British soliders

True

97

True / false : stamp act placed 1st on new colonial postal system

False

98

True / false : the coercive acts were called intolerable acts

True

99

True / false : the constitutional association was created to enforce a boycott on British goods

True

100

True / false : fighting at Lexington and concord started the Revolutionary war

True

101

True / false : Washington led the colonial militias at Lexington and concord

False

102

True / false : John and Sam Adams " patriot bros of PA " argued fellow colonist to reject the arguments of common sense

False

103

True / false : t. Jefferson was chief author of Declaration of Independence

True

104

Sugar act of 1764

Taxed imports in order to raise revenue

105

Stamp act 1765

Required revenue stamps on legal and commercial documents

106

In response to the stamp act, Sons of Liberty

Engaged in mob violence

107

Stamp act congress

Petitioned the British to repeal stamp act

108

Declaratory act 1766

Reasserted governments right to tax the colonists

109

In response to American protests in 1766 parliament

Repealed stamp act

110

Letters of PA farmer

Argued that parliament had no right to levy taxes for revenue

111

Boston massacre

Grew out of crowd reaction and heckling of British spoilers in Boston

112

Objective of tea act

Bail out east India company

113

Purpose of coercive acts

Punish Boston for tea party

114

British marched to concord in an effort to

Seize weapons and arrest colonial leaders

115

British suffered greatest casualties

During retreat back to Boston

116

At battle of bunker hill

British suffered major casualties

117

Americans suffered a disastrous defeat when they attempted to capture

Quebec

118

Thomas Paine pamphlet , common sense

Made a powerful case for independence

119

Sam Adams

Organized sons of Liberty

120

Ethan Allen

Led green mountain boys

121

Crisps Attucks

Killed at Boston massacre

122

John Dickinson

Wrote letters of PA farmer

123

Paul revere

Rode to Lexington on April 18 1775