Midterm Flashcards Preview

American History Midterm > Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Deck (40)
Loading flashcards...
1

Theodore Roosevelt

Asst. Sec. of Navy, also known as "Mr. progressivism", became repub VP in 1900, became Pres. in 1901 after McKinley was assassinated.

2

industrialization

growth of factories- technological inventions (telephone, automobiles, electricity, airplanes, etc.) factory production, transportation/communication= expanded markets.

3

who were some industrialists?

JP Morgan (banks)
John D. Rockefeller (Standard oil)
Andrew Carnegie (steel)

4

who was William McKinley?

progressive repub who ran against populist democrat William Jennings Bryan in the 1896 election and won w 7.1 million votes to Bryans 6.5 million

5

who win the 1896 election?

William McKinley

6

Battle of San Juan Hill

TR and his rough riders stormed uphill to secure high land surrounding Spanish forces in the Spanish American war.

7

urbanization

growth of cities due to industrialization.

8

George Armstrong Custer

American Colonel who died at Little Big Horn (he also had a horrible mustache)

9

KKK

Klu Klux Klan- group of racists who treated anyone who wasn't white (mainly blacks) as inferior.

10

Food and Drug Act of 1906

TR's idea, preventing manufacture, sales, or transportation of adutered or poisoness goods

11

imperialism

the use of diplomatic or military force to extend a nations power and enhance its economic interests, often by acquiring territory or colonies and justifying such behavior w assumptions of racial superiority

12

Jane addams

woman progressive who created the hull house

13

hull house

place created to address the everyday needs of the working poor

14

battle of little bighorn

native Americans were pushed to Oklahoma reservations during the westward movement, this was their way of fighting back

15

suffrage movement

women trying to gain more rights specifically voting rights

16

taylorism

Frederick Winslow taylor& labor system based on detailed study if work tasks,intended to maximize efficiency and profits for employers, "organize and rationalize"

17

1893 panic/ depression

economic crisis, stock market crashed, banks closed, unemployment rose
from this cane the progressive era

18

progressivism

"glass half full", optimistic, middle class repubs
ex: Frederick Winslow Taylor w taylorism, John Dewey w new education, muckrakers, such as Upton Sinclair

19

Upton sinclair

muckracker who wrote the jungle, which revealed how nasty the food industry was

20

election of 1896

McKinley won 7.1 million votes to Bryan's 6.5

21

square deal

TRs 1904 election gimmick- claimed to control the 3 c's "corporations, conservation of natural resources and consumer protection"

22

George dewey

american naval hero, his squadron defeated the Spanish warships in manilla bay in the Philippines

23

Alfred t mahan

influence of seapower upon history
internationalism

24

strenuous life

TRs speech about health

25

Andrew Carnegie

steel industry

26

Eugene v debs

railway union, against Pullman company organized Pullman strike, socialist

27

Spanish imperial brutality

developed plan to liberate Cuba and the Monroe doctrine

28

populism

"glass half empty", pessimistic, farmers workers democrats

29

new freedom

speeches given by Woodrow wilson

30

Frederick Jackson turner

created the frontier thesis

31

muckrackers

journalists who exposed corruption and abuses

32

trust-busting

TRs idea to break up monopolies

33

Thaddeus stevens

radical repub. confederate states should be viewed as provinces, supported the abolition of slavery and racial equality

34

Jim crow laws

separate but equal

35

new nationalism

TRs speeches

36

IWW (wobblies)

unskilled workers. Eugene debs fought for them

37

compromise of 1877

deal made to resolve the disputed election of 1876, Hayes won, marked the end of reconstruction

38

john Dewey

progressive teacher who devised the new education plan

39

american federation of labor

founded in 1881, as a national federation of trade unions made up of skilled workers

40

plessy v Ferguson

supreme court case, upheld the rights of states to pass laws allowing racial segregation