Flashcards in Midterm Deck (44)
3 power bases of US government
Federal Government, States, "the people"
3 branches of government
Congress/Legislative, President/Executive, Supreme Court/Judicial
Powers of the Senate
confirm/not confirm presidential appointments, approve judicial appointments
Power of the House
initiate tax and spending bills, impeach president
Who passes laws?
2 Houses of congress
Function of Executive branch?
Enforce the law, flesh out the laws
Who creates federal courts?
What are district courts?
What are circuit courts?
Who does Supreme Court hear appeals from?
Who appoints federal judges?
Types of courts at the state level
Housing, probate, small claims, juvenile
Types of colleges
public, private, sectarian
Typical structure of public college?
government oversight agency (MA board of Higher Ed), governing board (Board of Trustees), chief executive (president/chancellor)
Typical structure of private college?
state Attorney General's office, department of Ed, accrediting agency
Typical structure of sectarian college?
state Attorney General's office, department of Ed, accrediting agency, church entity
What is FERPA?
makes sure students records are kept confidential
Four main points of FERPA
Colleges must provide students with written policy of their rights. Colleges must allow students access to their records. Colleges can't give access to students records without their consent. Colleges must allow students to challenge content of their records.
What is a student record?
A record in any form that is personally identifiable
Only exception to FERPA?
Personal notes used as a memory aid (aka spelling name phonetically). Letters of recommendation where student has waived access. Parents financial information. Law enforcement records.
Can you sue under FERPA?
Due process of a hearing:
1. inform the student of time and place of hearing (fair notice).
2. provide an impartial decision maker
3. provide the student a fair opportunity to be heard.
4. student has a right to the counsel of their choice.
When is the only time a hearing process is to be used?
Scrivener's Error aka typo or other mistake
Who enforces FERPA?
Department of Education, specifically the Family Policy Compliance Office
What is a tort law?
civil wrong for which the law allows a remedy to individuals who have suffered a harm
Are torts different in every state?
What is a plaintiff?
Person who was damaged/harmed
What is a defendant?
Person who was allegedly negligent
What is negligence?
Failure to adhere to standard of care