Midterm Flashcards Preview

American History > Midterm > Flashcards

Flashcards in Midterm Deck (75)
Loading flashcards...
1

Nationstates

What we know as nations today

2

Ferdinand Magellum

Circumnavigated the globe in 1519

3

European navigation motivation

SPICES
pears, iron, copper, slaves

4

Marco Polo

Super celebrated trader in 1254, traveled Silk Road

5

Silk Road

Trade routes that were used for goods and ideals

6

Kublaikhan

Gave Marco Polo a 'Golden Pass' of safe travel to travel through Afghanistan

7

Henry the Navigator

Founded a university for navigators
Invented the astrolabe

8

Astrolabe

Ancient tool used for navigating by using the stars, sun and moon

9

Caravel

Light, fast ship, easy to manuever
made the exploration of Sub-Sahara available

10

Portugal and Navigation

NUMBER ONE
soon to be rivaled by Spain
discovered Canary Islands

11

Ferdinand of Aragon + Isabelle of Castile

United Spain
Isabelle funded Columbus' expedition

12

Treaty of Tordesillas

Divided the world in two hemispheres because Spain claimed it immediately.

13

Columbian Exchange

Trade routes along the old and new worlds.

New world got:
Wheat, sugar, rice, horses, cows, pigs
Slaves from Africa

Old World got:
Gold, silver, corn, potatoes, tobacco,
SYPHILLIS

14

Tudors in Order

Henry VII
Henry VIII
Eduard VI
Mary I
Elizabeth I

15

Henry VII

Broke up with Rome
Wife, Anne Boleyn, was murdered

16

Act of Supremacy

Finalized break up with Rome
Formalized relationship with England
Founded the church of England

17

Eduard VI

Son of Henry VIII, considered bastard by the church

18

Bloody Mary I

Wanted to end Protestantism
Burned protestants alive
Died of cancer before she returned to England

19

Elizabeth I

Masterful politician
Never married, as she was married to England
Did not care for religion, tolerated all
Less tolerant of Calvinists
After she died, the stuarts took over.
Wanted to populate Ireland

20

Ireland

"Wild vicious savages"
Uncivilized for England
Could not be tamed, must be suppressed

21

Sir Humphrey Gilbert

Military strategist, supporter of the colonies

22

Enclosure Acts

Enclosed farms, pastures for the sheep to control the wool industry
Regulated previously common land private

23

Intermediate mercantilism

balances losses and gains

24

Plantation Model

Build a separate society of Englishmen in a colony
"They're doing God's work"

25

Cpt. John Smith on assimiliation

It was the Englishmen's responsibility to bring people to the light

26

Indians

They were savages, but they were friendly, helped people work.

27

John Cabot

Father of the Reformation
Discovered the coast of NA Under the rule of Henry VII, took possession of the land

28

Martin Luther

Not the first to question the church, but the church was corrupt and sold forgiveness to get into heaven
Identified the pope with the anti-christ

29

John Calvin

Believed God was all powerful, all knowing.
Huguenots were French, Puritans were English. Believed in Predestination

30

Max Weber

Spirit of capitalism, protestant work ethic