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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (30):
1

An interest group is most likely to have influence in congress with which of the following situations?

An issue that is narrow in scope and and low in public visibility

2

All of the following statements concerning interest groups are true except:

They often run their own candidates for public office

3

Special interest groups do all of the following except:

Donate money to federal judges

4

All of the following arguments are essential to the special interest theory of politics except:

Interest groups encourage membership from diverse groups that may disagree with their goals

5

Which of the following represents a major reason for the proliferation of special interests and lobby groups?

The reactive nature of interest groups and lobbyists to new issues

6

Which of the following officials do lobbyists most succeed with?

Officials who have a basic philosophical affinity with the lobbyist

7

A significant amount of PAC money most likely goes to:

Candidates who hold incumbent status

8

Which of the following statements represents the main function of special interest groups:

They want to influence office holders and achieve legislative goals

9

All of the following are techniques used by lobbyists except:

Appearing on the floor of congress as staff assistants to senators and representatives

10

Which of the following statements represents a potential conflict of interest?

Lobbyists are former government officials who have close ties with current legislators

11

Supremacy clause:

Federal law always overrules state laws
Article 6

12

Elastic clause:

Congress has the power to make any laws it needs to carry out its powers (law for making laws)
Section 8 article 1

13

Full faith and credit:

Mutual respect and legality of laws, public records, and judicial decisions made by states

14

Free Exercise Clause:

Guarantees an individual the right to pray and believe in the religion of his or her choice by making it illegal for congress to pass laws that restrict this right
First Amendment

15

Iron triangle:

Interrelationship between bureaucracies, Congress, and interest groups

16

Agenda setting function theory:

Media can’t tell you what to think, but it can tell you what to think about

17

Stare decisis:

Encourages judges to follow precedent when deciding

18

Writ of certiorari:

Supreme Court accepts written briefs on appeal based on the rule of four

19

Rule of four

Approval of at least four judges before a case can be heard on appeal

20

Amicus brief:

Briefs that may be sent to support the position of one side or the other

21

Gerrymandering:

Redrawing of district boundary lines in favor of the political party in power in the state making the changes

22

Checks and balances:

One branch cannot over power the others

23

Example of president checking congress’s power:

President can veto a bill

24

Example of congress checking president:

Congress can override veto

25

Example of Supreme Court checking Congress’s power

Declare a law unconstitutional

26

Example of the President checking the Supreme Court’s power:

President can appoint a new Chief Justice

27

Emolument:

Gifts given to U.S. officials by a foreign state

28

Article I of constitution:

Legislative Branch

29

Article II:

Executive

30

Article III:

Judiciary