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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (28):
1

Walt Whitman

American Mythology

2

Emily Dickinson

religious poetry

3

Henry James
Kate Chopin
Mark Twain
Ambrose Bierce
Charlotte Perkins Gilman
-reaction to Romanticism
-depict everyday life
-characters are ordinary, not heroic
-characters behave in expected ways
-tragic/unhappy ending
-plot is less important than character
-irony

Realism

4

Stephen Crane
Jack London
-"Angry young men"
-nature seen as ambivalent or hostile towards man
-rise of racial pseudoscience
-Determinism/lack of free will
-nihilistic/fatalistic
-science, biology, sociology, Darwin, Freud
-extreme form of realism
-man vs nature
-often employs irony
-failures of conventional morality in extreme situations
-survival of the fittest

Naturalism

5

Mark Twain
Kate Chopin
Zora Neale Hurston
-writing about what is around you
-dialect (how it would sound)
-"Local color" and customs
-folktales, religion

Regionalism

6

-American Dream
-pulling yourself up by your bootstraps
-Walt Whitman
-Booker T. Washington

"self-made man"

7

W.E.B. DuBois
-sees himself as his own person and as others see him
-he is black, but also American
-educated and powerful, but also a member of the black community
-the two parts of his identity are in conflict

"double-consciousness"

8

Langston Hughes
Zora Neale Hurston
-most of the people associated with HR were not actually from there
-most well known effect is the music (jazz)
-peaked between WWI-1929
-catalyst was W.E.B. DuBois

Harlem Renaissance

9

-a story that helps a group or a people understand themselves
-doesn't mean that the person isn't real or the story isn't true
-ie the American Dream

myth

10

-local customs and folktales of a region
-part of regionalism
-dialect

"local color"

11

"The Wound Dresser"
"When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd"
"Song of Myself"
"Crossing Brooklyn Ferry"
"Democratic Vistas"
-letter from Ralph Waldo Emerson
-free verse
-Romanticism, transcendentalism

Walt Whitman

12

Letters to Thomas Wentworth Higginson
"Some keep the Sabbath going to church..."
"There's a certain slant of light..."
"I felt a Funeral, in my Brain..."
"Because I could not stop for Death..."
"I heard a Fly buzz - when I died..."
"My Life had stood - a Loaded Gun..."
"Tell all the Truth but tell it slant..."
-Calvinism
-abnormal punctuation and random capitalization
-ballad form
-Romanticism, transcendentalism

Emily Dickinson

13

"The Notorious Jumping Frog of Calaveras County"
"The War Prayer"
-Samuel Clemens
-Gilded Age
-regionalist
-realist

Mark Twain

14

" An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge"
"Chickamauga"
-"Bitter Bierce"
-went to Mexico and no one heard or saw from him again
-macabre, horror fiction, war stories
-common plot device comes from OAOCB (delusion/dream)
-realist

Ambrose Bierce

15

"The Beast in the Jungle"
-realism, psychological realism
-limited 3rd person (in between omniscient narrator and unreliable narrator)
-realist

Henry James

16

"The Open Boat"
"The Black Riders"
"War is Kind"
"A Man Said to the Universe"
-naturalism

Stephen Crane

17

"To Build a Fire"
-naturalism

Jack London

18

"Desiree's Baby"
"The Story of an Hour"
-realist

Kate Chopin

19

"The Yellow Wallpaper"
"Why I Wrote 'The Yellow Wallpaper'"
-realist

Charlotte Perkins Gilman

20

"The Atlanta Exposition Address" (Up From Slavery)
-born into slavery
-"self-made man"
-largely self-educated
-focus on individuals
-Tuskegee University
-economic activity
-stay in the South
-learn a trade
-slow, wait & see approach
-"Cast down your buckets where you are"
-fingers and the hand metaphor
-Civil Rights movement

Booker T. Washington

21

"Of Our Spiritual Strivings"
"Of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others"
(both are from Souls of Black Folk)
-born in Great Barrington, Mass
-family was free for generations
-attended integrated high school
-1st African American man to earn PhD from Harvard
-focus on sociology (contrast w/BTW)
-NAACP
-Harlem Renaissance
-pursue art, higher education
-"talented tenth"
-demand civil, political, and educational equality
-"double consciousness"
-Civil Rights movement

W.E.B. DuBois

22

"The Negro Speaks of Rivers"
"I, Too"
"The Weary Blues"
"Song for a Dark Girl"
"Freedom"
-bases "I, Too" on Whitman's "I Hear America Singing"
-influenced by Whitman, free verse
-connects to working class
-deliberate rhythms to sound like music (blues & jazz)
-Harlem Renaissance

Langston Hughes

23

"The Eatonville Anthology"
"How it Feels to Be Colored Me"
-anthropologist
-Eatonville, FL
-regionalist
-Harlem Renaissance

Zora Neale Hurston

24

romanticism in America
Dickinson, Whitman

transcendentalism

25

Walt Whitman
Emily Dickinson
-idealize nature
-unrealistic, larger than life hero
-hero's journey
-mythical
-happy ending
-transcendence

Romanticism

26

opposite of your expectations happens

situational irony

27

reader or audience knows something the characters don't

dramatic irony

28

saying the opposite of what you mean

verbal irony